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As a large corporation in a small country, Hachnut wants its

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As a large corporation in a small country, Hachnut wants its [#permalink] New post 04 Feb 2008, 14:33
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As a large corporation in a small country, Hachnut wants its managers to have international experience, so each year it sponsors management education abroad for its management trainees. Hachnut has found, however, that the attrition rate of graduates from this program is very high, with many of them leaving Hachnut to join competing firms soon after completing the program. Hachnut does use performance during the program as a criterion in deciding among candidates for management positions, but both this function and the goal of providing international experience could be achieved in other ways. Therefore, if the attrition problem cannot be successfully addressed, Hachnut should discontinue the sponsorship program.
In the argument given, the two boldfaced portions play which of the following roles?

A. The first describes a practice that the argument seeks to justify; the second states a judgment that is used in support of a justification for that practice.

B. The first describes a practice that the argume nt seeks to explain; the second presents part of the argument’s explanation of that practice.

C. The first introduces a practice that the argument seeks to evaluate; the second provides grounds for holding that the practice cannot achieve its objective.

D. The first introduces a policy that the argument seeks to evaluate; the second provides grounds for holding that the policy is not needed.

E. The first introduces a consideration supporting a policy that the argument seeks to evaluate; the second provides evidence for concluding that the policy should be abandoned.
Please explain your answers.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by JarvisR on 09 Jul 2015, 01:41, edited 2 times in total.
Formatted;OA added
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Re: As a large corporation in a small country, Hachnut wants its [#permalink] New post 04 Feb 2008, 15:10
eyunni wrote:
As a large corporation in a small country, Hachnut wants its managers to have
international experience, so each year it sponsors management education abroad for
its management trainees
. Hachnut has found, however, that the attrition rate of
graduates from this program is very high, with many of them leaving Hachnut to join
competing firms soon after completing the program. Hachnut does use performance
during the program as a criterion in deciding among candidates for management positions,
but both this function and the goal of providing international experience could be
achieved in other ways
. Therefore, if the attrition problem cannot be successfully
addressed, Hachnut should discontinue the sponsorship program.

In the argument given, the two boldfaced portions play which of the following roles?

A. The first describes a practice that the argument seeks to justify; the second states a
judgment that is used in support of a justification for that practice.

B. The first describes a practice that the argument seeks to explain; the second
presents part of the argument’s explanation of that practice.

C. The first introduces a practice that the argument seeks to evaluate; the second
provides grounds for holding that the practice cannot achieve its objective.

D. The first introduces a policy that the argument seeks to evaluate; the second
provides grounds for holding that the policy is not needed.

E. The first introduces a consideration supporting a policy that the argument seeks to
evaluate; the second provides evidence for concluding that the policy should be
abandoned.

Please explain your answers.


The answer should be (C). Whats described above is a company practice, not a policy. Moreover, the first argument in bold seeks to evaluate (it doesn't challenge or strengthen the conclusion - fairly neutral). Finally the second argument in bold provides grounds, as opposed to evidence, to conclude that the practice cannot achieve its objective
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Re: As a large corporation in a small country, Hachnut wants its [#permalink] New post 04 Feb 2008, 17:05
i think its C as well. First statement is just introducing a fact. Second statement is pretty much saying that the objectives of this practice can be met in other ways, i.e. the current practice isnt working and needs to be stopped.
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Re: As a large corporation in a small country, Hachnut wants its [#permalink] New post 04 Feb 2008, 18:11
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I'll go with D.

C seems reasonable but the red flag is the word "the practice cannot achieve its objective". First of all "cannot" is too strong of a word and second the objective of the overseas training is "...managers to have
international experience..." is achieved. An international trip does achieve this objective of providing international experience (at least I think) :lol:

D sounds better for this reason as it clearly states that "the second provides grounds for holding that the policy is not needed." It says that the policy is not needed but it never says that it does not achieve it objective.

I agree with the argument about the difference between "practice and policy" but I think in this case we can use them interchangebly.

Maybe, I am wrong but then I never claimed to be right...
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Re: As a large corporation in a small country, Hachnut wants its [#permalink] New post 04 Feb 2008, 22:24
jay02 wrote:
I'll go with D.

C seems reasonable but the red flag is the word "the practice cannot achieve its objective". First of all "cannot" is too strong of a word and second the objective of the overseas training is "...managers to have
international experience..." is achieved. An international trip does achieve this objective of providing international experience (at least I think) :lol:

D sounds better for this reason as it clearly states that "the second provides grounds for holding that the policy is not needed." It says that the policy is not needed but it never says that it does not achieve it objective.

I agree with the argument about the difference between "practice and policy" but I think in this case we can use them interchangebly.

Maybe, I am wrong but then I never claimed to be right...


Good point jay02 -- if you look at the tone, "cannot" is rather strong! +1
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Re: As a large corporation in a small country, Hachnut wants its [#permalink] New post 04 Feb 2008, 22:40
Expert's post
D
I also chose between C and D

C. The first introduces a practice that the argument seeks to evaluate; the second
provides grounds for holding that the practice cannot achieve its objective.


D. The first introduces a policy that the argument seeks to evaluate; the second
provides grounds for holding that the policy is not needed.
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Re: As a large corporation in a small country, Hachnut wants its [#permalink] New post 06 Feb 2008, 07:43
OA is D.
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Re: As a large corporation in a small country, Hachnut wants its [#permalink] New post 07 Feb 2008, 01:19
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Conclusion: Therefore, if the attrition problem cannot be successfully
addressed, Hachnut should discontinue the sponsorship program.


Boldface 1 role: Opposes Main conclusion
Boldface 2 role: Opposes Main Conclusion


A. The first describes a practice that the argument seeks to justify; the second states a
judgment that is used in support of a justification for that practice. [First describes a practice that argument opposes – eliminate it]

B. The first describes a practice that the argument seeks to explain; the second
presents part of the argument’s explanation of that practice. [First describes a practice that argument opposes – eliminate it]


C. The first introduces a practice that the argument seeks to evaluate; the second
provides grounds for holding that the practice cannot achieve its objective.[Second provides an alternative way that practice can be realized – eliminate it]

D. The first introduces a policy that the argument seeks to evaluate; the second
provides grounds for holding that the policy is not needed.[Hold it]

E. The first introduces a consideration supporting a policy that the argument seeks to
evaluate; the second provides evidence for concluding that the policy should be
abandoned. [First is not a consideration and second does not providence the policy should be abandoned – eliminate it]

Answer: D
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Re: As a large corporation in a small country, Hachnut wants its [#permalink] New post 01 May 2011, 09:13
Between C and D.
C says that "the practice cannot achieve its objective"
D says that "the policy is not needed".

The second boldfaced part tells that the goal .....could be achieved in other way" of if the goal could be achived in other way, thus trainings are not needed , and this does not mean that it can not achive its objectives.
IT CAN! But there are also other ways to achive the same objectives.

D.
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Re: As a large corporation in a small country, Hachnut wants its [#permalink] New post 01 May 2011, 11:48
D
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Re: As a large corporation in a small country, Hachnut wants its [#permalink] New post 28 Aug 2011, 18:50
+1 for D.

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Re: As a large corporation in a small country, Hachnut wants its [#permalink] New post 13 Sep 2011, 09:16
D...
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Re: As a large corporation in a small country, Hachnut wants its [#permalink] New post 14 Sep 2011, 03:43
Between C & D

C says that the first phrase is a practice, however, it is actually a policy..
Also from the second bold phrase it cannot be said that the practice cannot be achieved. However, nothing in argument says anything about achieving something out of the practice. It only states that there are other ways.

D is the answer.
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Re: As a large corporation in a small country, Hachnut wants its [#permalink] New post 14 Oct 2013, 09:49
eyunni wrote:
As a large corporation in a small country, Hachnut wants its managers to have international experience, so each year it sponsors management education abroad for its management trainees. Hachnut has found, however, that the attrition rate of graduates from this program is very high, with many of them leaving Hachnut to join competing firms soon after completing the program. Hachnut does use performance during the program as a criterion in deciding among candidates for management positions, but both this function and the goal of providing international experience could be achieved in other ways. Therefore, if the attrition problem cannot be successfully addressed, Hachnut should discontinue the sponsorship program.
In the argument given, the two boldfaced portions play which of the following roles?

A. The first describes a practice that the argument seeks to justify; the second states a judgment that is used in support of a justification for that practice.

B. The first describes a practice that the argume nt seeks to explain; the second presents part of the argument’s explanation of that practice.

C. The first introduces a practice that the argument seeks to evaluate; the second provides grounds for holding that the practice cannot achieve its objective.

D. The first introduces a policy that the argument seeks to evaluate; the second provides grounds for holding that the policy is not needed.

E. The first introduces a consideration supporting a policy that the argument seeks to evaluate; the second provides evidence for concluding that the policy should be abandoned.
Please explain your answers.



Chose D over E. For me it was clear that the second bold was a premise, after finding the conclusion. So I narrowed it down pretty quickly.
Now, E is a good contender but let's analyze it more thoroughly, mind you?
"The first introduces a consideration supporting a policy that the argument seeks to evaluate"
It is not actually supporting anything, it is the policy itself. That is why E is out.

D is pretty clear to me. The first is a policy, the second is a premise supporting the main conclusion
Hope it helps
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Re: As a large corporation in a small country, Hachnut wants its [#permalink] New post 04 Dec 2014, 07:06
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Re: As a large corporation in a small country, Hachnut wants its [#permalink] New post 21 Jan 2015, 03:13
Can anyone explain option B for me?

As a large corporation in a small country, Hachnut wants its managers to have international experience, so each year it sponsors management education abroad for its management trainees.=> fact(BF1)

Hachnut has found, however, that the attrition rate of graduates from this program is very high, with many of them leaving Hachnut to join competing firms soon after completing the program.=> fact

Hachnut does use performance during the program as a criterion in deciding among candidates for management positions, but both this function and the goal of providing international experience could be achieved in other ways. => claim/belief (BF2)

Therefore, if the attrition problem cannot be successfully addressed, Hachnut should discontinue the sponsorship program. =>Conclusion

Conclusion drawn on the basis of BF1 but is against the practice.
BF2 supports Conclusion. It gives a reason for Conclusion.
BF2 states BF1 is not the only way.

> In the argument given, the two boldfaced portions play which of the following roles?
>
> A. The first describes a practice that the argument seeks to justify; the second states a judgment that is used in support of a justification for that practice.
>First part is wrong.

> B. The first describes a practice that the argument seeks to explain; the second presents part of the argument’s explanation of that practice.
>first part is correct. Though, I have my reservations towards the word 'explain'. Second looks like an explanation. Yet, I'd keep this choice on hold.

> C. The first introduces a practice that the argument seeks to evaluate; the second provides grounds for holding that the practice cannot achieve its objective.
>first part is correct. Second part is incorrect. Second doesnt provide grounds for how the practice wouldnt hold

> D. The first introduces a policy that the argument seeks to evaluate; the second provides grounds for holding that the policy is not needed.
>first and second are correct. This clearly seems to be better than B and I'd go for it. The only problem I have with this is, second doesnt say that the policy is not needed. Rather it says that there are alternatives available.

> E. The first introduces a consideration supporting a policy that the argument seeks to evaluate; the second provides evidence for concluding that the policy should be abandoned
>first is not a consideration. Second doesnt talk about abandoning the practice.

D looks like the answer. Yet, I need to understand B further.
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Re: As a large corporation in a small country, Hachnut wants its [#permalink] New post 02 Feb 2015, 10:38
D - " could be achieved in other ways. "
Re: As a large corporation in a small country, Hachnut wants its   [#permalink] 02 Feb 2015, 10:38
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