As a result of the Black Death, the plague that afflicted : GMAT Sentence Correction (SC)
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# As a result of the Black Death, the plague that afflicted

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As a result of the Black Death, the plague that afflicted [#permalink]

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24 Jun 2011, 04:18
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As a result of the Black Death, the plague that afflicted Europe in 1348-49, as many as half the population died and less than half the workforce remained in certain cities.

a- as many as half the population died and less than half the work force remained

b- as much as half the population died and fewer than half the work force remained

c- as many as half the people died and less than that remained in the work force

d- as much as half the population died and less than half the work force remained

e- as many as half the population and less than half the work force died or remained
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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Re: As a result of the Black Death, the plague that afflicted [#permalink]

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19 Jan 2016, 22:19
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dimri10

Please make the underlined part clear.

As a result of the Black Death, the plague that afflicted
Europe in 1348-49, as many as half the population died
and less than half the work force remained
in certain
cities
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As a result of the Black Death, the plague that afflicted [#permalink]

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19 Jan 2016, 23:28
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Pronz wrote:
dimri10

Please make the underlined part clear.

As a result of the Black Death, the plague that afflicted
Europe in 1348-49, as many as half the population died
and less than half the work force remained
in certain
cities

Though the answers are above, I explain you again.

"Many" is used for countable nouns and "much" is used for uncountable nouns.

"Population" and "workforce" are uncountable nouns or you can say they are collective nouns.

So the answer is D.

Hope it's clear.
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Last edited by understandZERO on 22 Jan 2016, 06:07, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: As a result of the Black Death, the plague that afflicted [#permalink]

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24 Jun 2011, 04:36
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Population and workforce are non-countable nouns, so the answer is D. Workforce and Population fall in the category of non-countable nouns even while conveying the idea of more than one person. Another few examples that I can think of are "bevy, class, team" etc.

can't i say fewer american navy forces? or fewer than half the forces of the police?

No, the construction is awkward and wrong.
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Re: As a result of the Black Death, the plague that afflicted [#permalink]

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24 Jun 2011, 05:00
how come team is not countable?
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Re: As a result of the Black Death, the plague that afflicted [#permalink]

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24 Jun 2011, 05:05
Actually, it's all about context. These contexts are based on the subtle nuances of English.

I have a great news : our team has won the match - Singular noun (apparently non-countable)
A team of students went for the expedition (Singular noun with of students)
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Re: As a result of the Black Death, the plague that afflicted [#permalink]

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24 Jun 2011, 05:27
dimri10 wrote:
how come team is not countable?

Please look for some grammar lesson in:
Collective Nouns.

I personally like this grammar book:
gmat-grammar-ultimate-by-gmat-club-102387.html#p795521
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Re: As a result of the Black Death, the plague that afflicted [#permalink]

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24 Jun 2011, 05:30
from wikitinary:

force (countable and uncountable; plural forces)

Wikipedia has an article on:
Force
1.(countable) Anything that is able to make a big change in a person or thing.
2.(countable, physics) A physical quantity that denotes ability to push, pull, twist or accelerate a body which is measured in a unit dimensioned in mass × distance/time² (ML/T²): SI: newton (N); CGS: dyne (dyn)
3.(countable) A group that aims to attack, control, or constrain.
police force
4.(uncountable) The ability to attack, control, or constrain.
show of force
5.(countable) A magic trick in which the outcome is known to the magician beforehand, especially one involving the apparent free choice of a card by another person.
6.A fictional semi-sentient phenomenon that certain individuals can call upon for assistance as in in the Star Wars stories. See also Force.  [quotations ▼]
May the force be with you.
7.(law) Legal validity.  [quotations ▼]
The law will come into force in January.
8.(law) Either unlawful violence, as in a "forced entry", or lawful compulsion.
 Usage notes

Last edited by dimri10 on 24 Jun 2011, 05:42, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: As a result of the Black Death, the plague that afflicted [#permalink]

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24 Jun 2011, 05:33
Mate, I think you're mixing up force with workforce , or maybe I'm wrong. Workforce is a group of individuals (like a team), merely containing the word "force" as a part of itself does not introduce any resemblance to "force" per Se .
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Re: As a result of the Black Death, the plague that afflicted [#permalink]

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24 Jun 2011, 06:29
i marked sections 3-4
ut says:police force-countable
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Re: As a result of the Black Death, the plague that afflicted [#permalink]

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14 May 2015, 10:27
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Re: As a result of the Black Death, the plague that afflicted [#permalink]

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22 Jan 2016, 05:59
Pronz wrote:
dimri10

Please make the underlined part clear.

As a result of the Black Death, the plague that afflicted
Europe in 1348-49, as many as half the population died
and less than half the work force remained
in certain
cities

Meaning: The sentence highlights the result of the black death - death of many people and the reduction of the workforce.

Population - Uncountable (so "much")

Work Force - Uncountable (so "less")

Hope it helps.
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Re: As a result of the Black Death, the plague that afflicted [#permalink]

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05 Apr 2016, 17:35
dimri10 wrote:
As a result of the Black Death, the plague that afflicted Europe in 1348-49, as many as half the population died and less than half the workforce remained in certain cities.

a- as many as half the population died and less than half the work force remained

b- as much as half the population died and fewer than half the work force remained

c- as many as half the people died and less than that remained in the work force

d- as much as half the population died and less than half the work force remained

e- as many as half the population and less than half the work force died or remained

population - uncountable; workforce - uncountable.
much/less is needed.
only D gives the correct combination.
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Re: As a result of the Black Death, the plague that afflicted [#permalink]

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05 Apr 2016, 18:31
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Though both the population and workforce sound "countable", there is other clue.
The comparisons are not parallel except D.

A - many , less
B - much, fewer
C - many, less
D - much ,less
E- many, less
Re: As a result of the Black Death, the plague that afflicted   [#permalink] 05 Apr 2016, 18:31
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