As a result of the ground-breaking work of Barbara : GMAT Sentence Correction (SC)
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# As a result of the ground-breaking work of Barbara

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As a result of the ground-breaking work of Barbara [#permalink]

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22 Apr 2012, 16:34
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As a result of the ground-breaking work of Barbara McClintock, many scientists now believe that all of the information encoded in 50,000 to 100,000 of the different genes found in a human cell are contained in merely three percent of the cell’s DNA.

(A) 50,000 to 100,000 of the different genes found in a human cell are contained in merely
(B) 50,000 to 100,000 of the human cell’s different genes are contained in a mere
(C) the 50,000 to 100,000 different genes found in human cells are contained in merely
(D) 50,000 to 100,000 of human cell’s different genes is contained in merely
(E) the 50,000 to 100,000 different genes found in a human cell is contained in a mere

The official answer is provided.

Could someone explain the use of "the" before the number?

Thanks in advance.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by reto on 28 Aug 2015, 10:35, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: As a result of the ground-breaking work of Barbara [#permalink]

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23 Apr 2012, 00:21
andrewh wrote:
As a result of the ground-breaking work of Barbara McClintock, many scientists now believe that all of the information encoded in 50,000 to 100,000 of the different genes found in a human cell are contained in merely three percent of the cell’s DNA.

(A) 50,000 to 100,000 of the different genes found in a human cell are contained in merely
(B) 50,000 to 100,000 of the human cell’s different genes are contained in a mere
(C) the 50,000 to 100,000 different genes found in human cells are contained in merely
(D) 50,000 to 100,000 of human cell’s different genes is contained in merely
(E) the 50,000 to 100,000 different genes found in a human cell is contained in a mere

The official answer is provided.

Could someone explain the use of "the" before the number?

Thanks in advance.

you need "is" hence D and E remains.

D changes the meaning. Sentence intends to say "information contained in xyz genes" not "information contained in xyx of genes"--> particularly the latter one leaves xyz unsupported and ambiguous.

Use of "the" specifies the particular xyz different genes.

E is correct.

Hope this helps..!!
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Re: As a result of the ground-breaking work of Barbara [#permalink]

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23 Apr 2012, 06:32
I agree with E, not sure if including 'the' or not including 'the' makes it correct or not. How does it change the sentence? I dont see it myself. Thanks!
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Re: As a result of the ground-breaking work of Barbara [#permalink]

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23 Apr 2012, 09:55
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As a result of the ground-breaking work of Barbara McClintock, many scientists now believe that all of the information encoded in 50,000 to 100,000 of the different genes found in a human cell are contained in merely three percent of the cell’s DNA.

(A) 50,000 to 100,000 of the different genes found in a human cell are contained in merely
(B) 50,000 to 100,000 of the human cell’s different genes are contained in a mere
(C) the 50,000 to 100,000 different genes found in human cells are contained in merely
(D) 50,000 to 100,000 of human cell’s different genes is contained in merely
(E) the 50,000 to 100,000 different genes found in a human cell is contained in a mere

There is a subtle 3:2 split between ‘are’ and ‘is.’ (A), (B), and (C) have ‘are’ near the word human cell, and (D) and (E) have ‘is.’

If we look for the subject of this verb, we can trace it all the way back to ‘all of the information.’ ‘All’ is one of those indefinite pronouns in which the number of the subject is determined by the subject that comes after the preposition ‘all.’

Here that subject is ‘information’ which is singular. Therefore, we can eliminate the ‘are’ answer choices (A), (B) and (C).

Next, notice ‘the’ next to the numbers (which according to this thread most have ☺). The use of ‘the’ slightly changes the meaning.

The phrase ’50,000 to 100,000 of the different genes’ implies that this range is not the total number of genes in a human cell. From the meaning of the sentence, it needs to be clear that 50,000 to 100,000 are the total number of genes found in the human cell. Therefore, we need ‘the,’ and the answer is (E).
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Re: As a result of the ground-breaking work of Barbara [#permalink]

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23 Apr 2012, 10:20
Although i got the answer using 2 other ways, i am not able to understand below statement which Chris made above
Quote:
From the meaning of the sentence, it needs to be clear that 50,000 to 100,000 are the total number of genes found in the human cell.
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Re: As a result of the ground-breaking work of Barbara [#permalink]

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23 Apr 2012, 12:35
Thanks everyone.

I was also able to reach to the correct answer choice, however, the use of 'the' intrigued me. Although this particular question had is/are & change of meaning splits, I came across one question that had is/are split along with 'the' split.

Thanks for the reply.

"It needs to be clear that 50,000 to 100,000 are the total number of genes found in the human cell. Therefore, we need ‘the’"
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Re: As a result of the ground-breaking work of Barbara [#permalink]

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23 Apr 2012, 20:16
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Chris,

Isn't 50,000 to 100,000 of the different genes found in a human cell and 50,000 to 100,000 of human cells' different genes are incorrect ways of saying the 50,000 to 100,000 different genes found in a human cell

50,000 to 100,000 of the different genes found in a human cell implies that there are many different genes and we are concerned about 50,000 to 100,000 of them

50,000 to 100,000 of human cells' different genes implies that there may be different and non-different genes and we are concerned about 50,000 to 100,000 of different genes

the 50,000 to 100,000 different genes found in a human cell implies that there are 50,000 to 100,000 different genes and we are concerned about all of them
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Re: As a result of the ground-breaking work of Barbara [#permalink]

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03 Jun 2012, 06:54
andrewh wrote:
As a result of the ground-breaking work of Barbara McClintock, many scientists now believe that all of the information encoded in 50,000 to 100,000 of the different genes found in a human cell are contained in merely three percent of the cell’s DNA.

(A) 50,000 to 100,000 of the different genes found in a human cell are contained in merely
(B) 50,000 to 100,000 of the human cell’s different genes are contained in a mere
(C) the 50,000 to 100,000 different genes found in human cells are contained in merely
(D) 50,000 to 100,000 of human cell’s different genes is contained in merely
(E) the 50,000 to 100,000 different genes found in a human cell is contained in a mere

The official answer is provided.

Could someone explain the use of "the" before the number?

Thanks in advance.

could there be any distinction that can be drawn b/w the usage of mere & merely?
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Re: As a result of the ground-breaking work of Barbara [#permalink]

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06 Jun 2012, 18:28
3/2 split in the beginning. You simply have to love those problems. C&E left. E is obviously better.
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Re: As a result of the ground-breaking work of Barbara [#permalink]

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29 Oct 2013, 09:45
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Re: As a result of the ground-breaking work of Barbara [#permalink]

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15 Feb 2015, 14:55
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

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Re: As a result of the ground-breaking work of Barbara [#permalink]

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03 Mar 2016, 02:04
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Re: As a result of the ground-breaking work of Barbara   [#permalink] 03 Mar 2016, 02:04
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# As a result of the ground-breaking work of Barbara

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