As business grows more complex, students majoring in : GMAT Sentence Correction (SC)
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# As business grows more complex, students majoring in

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Manager
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11 Jul 2006, 07:37
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As business grows more complex, students majoring in specialized areas like those of finance and marketing have been becoming increasingly successful in the job market.

(A) majoring in specialized areas like those of finance and marketing have been becoming increasingly

(B) who major in such specialized areas as finance and marketing are becoming more and more

(C) who majored in specialized areas such as those of finance and marketing are being increasingly
(D) who major in specialized areas like those of finance and marketing have been becoming more and more

(E) having majored in such specialized areas as finance and marketing are being increasingly
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Manager
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11 Jul 2006, 07:50
I'm with B.

finance and marketing are actual examples so we need such as, instead of like.

eliminate A and D.

Becoming more and more sounds more grammatically correct than being increasingly.[/i]
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11 Jul 2006, 08:35
eliminate all the "BEING" choices where it is used as a verb... "BEING" can't be a verb...

left with A B and D

A has a similar problem as "BEING"... students "MAJORING" is a gerund... it can't be a verb... so eliminate A

"LIKE" shows similarity, whereas "AS" show specific example, so the answer should be B NOTE: even if you didn't know this... D is the longest and most awkward sentence compared to B, so can be eliminated on that base (disclaimer: it doesn't work 100%... may be about 85% of the time, which is still great!)
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11 Jul 2006, 10:12
jainvik7 wrote:
As business grows more complex, students majoring in specialized areas like those of finance and marketing have been becoming increasingly successful in the job market.

(A) majoring in specialized areas like those of finance and marketing have been becoming increasingly

(B) who major in such specialized areas as finance and marketing are becoming more and more

(C) who majored in specialized areas such as those of finance and marketing are being increasingly
(D) who major in specialized areas like those of finance and marketing have been becoming more and more

(E) having majored in such specialized areas as finance and marketing are being increasingly

Someone has already answered this based on like/as/such usage. I'll re-iterate it here mostly for my own good

like: Denotes similarity. Suitable for comparing people, nouns.

E.g. John is not like his twin. China, like India, is full of people.

as: Denotes similarity. Not usually used for comparing people. Most appropriate when comparing verbs.

e.g. I can as quickly as a tortoise. I ate as much as did my elephant.

Such as is completely different from like and as. It denotes an example, not a comparision.
e.g. There are a few forums for the GMAT, such as GMATClub.

There are a lot of tense disagreements in these answer choices as well.

A majoring: have been becoming tense disagreement. Its incorrect because if someone is majoring right now, how could he have been becoming something as a result of it?

In addition, "becoming increasingly successful" is wordy (redundant), i.e. we could say "becoming successful"

C changes the tense during which the students majored. "are being" is supsect.

D. again tense is wrong.

E tense wrong.
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11 Jul 2006, 14:28
Futuristic wrote:
as: Denotes similarity. Not usually used for comparing people. Most appropriate when comparing verbs.

I would rephrase the red part with "clauses", not verbs
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11 Jul 2006, 20:30
B all the way.
Nice explainations for choosing B and ' such as '.
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12 Jul 2006, 02:04
Clear winner B

Correct way to use 'such as'.

Those ....etc are not required when using such as.
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12 Jul 2006, 22:42
"such as~" is always preferred over "like those of~"

(B)

1:35
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12 Jul 2006, 22:49
It's B.

such.....as

As business grows more complex, students who major in such specialized areas as finance and marketing are becoming more and more successful in the job market.

Regards,
Brajesh
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13 Jul 2006, 20:46
I'm taking B
Such as VS Like..

(B) who major in such specialized areas as finance and marketing are becoming more and more
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17 Jul 2006, 10:30
(B) who major in such specialized areas as finance and marketing are becoming more and more
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19 Jul 2006, 12:04
jainvik7 wrote:
As business grows more complex, students majoring in specialized areas like those of finance and marketing have been becoming increasingly successful in the job market.

(A) majoring in specialized areas like those of finance and marketing have been becoming increasingly

(B) who major in such specialized areas as finance and marketing are becoming more and more

(C) who majored in specialized areas such as those of finance and marketing are being increasingly
(D) who major in specialized areas like those of finance and marketing have been becoming more and more

(E) having majored in such specialized areas as finance and marketing are being increasingly

"have been" is wrong as this means those majoring in finance started becoming successful even before business started growing complex..
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19 Jul 2006, 13:16
u2lover, could you please again explain your reason for not choosing A.What what if A were :

majoring in specialized areas such as finance and marketing have been becoming increasingly.

would you still have not chosen A?
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19 Jul 2006, 13:48
shoonya wrote:
u2lover, could you please again explain your reason for not choosing A.What what if A were :

majoring in specialized areas such as finance and marketing have been becoming increasingly.

would you still have not chosen A?

it is important to understand the use of gerund (gerund is base form of the verb w/out "to" but which ends with -ING -> to major -> majoring)

now... one should remember forever that gerund placed by itself is NOT A VERB!!!
whereas "conjugated verb TO BE + gerund" IS A VERB (I am majoring in...) in this case "majoring" is called PRESENT PARTICIPLE, not a gerund

gerund can be a noun though (Majoring in finance is fun)

to the question
"Students" is a subject, thus we need a VERB.... "Students MAJORING" is not a clause, because conjugated verb "TO BE" is missing thus option A is 100% incorrect

in E "having majored" is even worse, because there is no construction for any tense that has "having"+past participle... it is either or the had/have/has+past participle, but not "having"......... also "are+being" is unheard of... again "have/has/had + being" is correct

does this make sense? I am pretty sure that neither A nor E can be correct due to the tense/verb problems
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19 Jul 2006, 19:25
u2lover, thanks for the explanation. it really helps.
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19 Jul 2006, 19:25
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