As rainfall began to decrease in the Southwest about the : GMAT Sentence Correction (SC)
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# As rainfall began to decrease in the Southwest about the

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31 Oct 2009, 15:31
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As rainfall began to decrease in the Southwest about the middle of the twelfth century, most of the Monument Valley Anasazi abandoned their homes to join other clans whose access to water was less limited.

C. where they had less limited water access
D. with less limitations on water access
E. having less limitations to water access

OG16 SC108
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: As rainfall began to decrease in the Southwest about the [#permalink]

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22 Nov 2011, 10:15
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A.

B and C are out because they talk about location (where), not clans.
E is out for several reasons, one of which "limitations to" is unidiomatic.
D is out because, in addition to sounding awkward, limitations is countable, so fewer must be used.
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31 Oct 2009, 20:33
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tejal777 wrote:
As rainfall began to decrease in the Southwest about the middle of the twelfth century, most of the Monument Valley Anasazi abandoned their homes to join other clans whose access to water was less limited.

C. where they had less limited water access
D. with less limitations on water access
E. having less limitations to water access

A. Correct:
"whose" refers to "other clans".
The singular verb "was" has the subject "access"....

B. "where" is wrong and "there was access to water that was less limited" double passive.
C. "where" is wrong and tense "had limited" is also incorrect.
D. "with less limitations on water access" awakward construction.
E. "having .................." awakward construction.
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Re: As rainfall began to decrease in the Southwest about the [#permalink]

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25 Mar 2014, 14:02
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Expert's post
Hi Kinjal,

Thanks for posting your doubt here.

On GMAT, "where" is used to refer to place. But "clans" are not any place. They are group of people. Hence, we need "who" to refer to them. This is the reason why use of "where" is incorrect in Choices B and C.

You are also correct in your analysis of the pronoun "they" in Choice "C" as it is unclear whether it refers to "most of the...Anasazi" or "other clans".

Option D is incorrect because "limitations" is a countable noun. Use of "less" is incorrect. The correct word to be used for "limitations" is "fewer". This error eliminated Choice D and E.

Choice A is a clear winner in this one as it the most precise and clear answer choice.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.
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Re: As rainfall began to decrease in the Southwest about the [#permalink]

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24 Mar 2013, 03:20
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As rainfall began to decrease in the Southwest about the middle of the twelfth century, most of the Monument Valley Anasazi abandoned their homes to join other clans whose access to water was less limited.

CORRECT

"other clans" are not places, so "other clans where" is not logical
C. where they had less limited water access

"with" is refered to "most of the Monument Valley Anasazi" or to "other clans"?
D. with less limitations on water access

the use of "having" is not clear, what is it refered to?
E. having less limitations to water access
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Re: As rainfall began to decrease in the Southwest about the [#permalink]

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06 Apr 2012, 05:19
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a. Correct
b. where modifies clan. this is wrong
c. where modifies clan. this is wrong
d. less to be used with countable noun limitations
e. less to be used with countable noun limitations
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Re: As rainfall began to decrease in the Southwest about the [#permalink]

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23 Apr 2013, 01:50
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Why option 'D' is wrong... "apart from awkaward wordy construction"
1) "with less limitation on water access" acts as preposition phrases and i am quite confuse whether it modife Anasazi or Clans?
2) prepositional phrases without comma as in above modify noun closer to it i.e. clans or can modify farther noun such as Anasazi too?
3)if prepositional phrases with comma is used in above case it will modify "clans"
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Re: As rainfall began to decrease in the Southwest about the [#permalink]

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12 Sep 2016, 22:25
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As rainfall began to decrease in the Southwest about the middle of the twelfth century, most of the Monument Valley Anasazi abandoned their homes to join other clans whose access to water was less limited.

C. where they had less limited water access
D. with less limitations on water access
E. having less limitations to water access

Before attempting this question, let’s interpret the meaning. As rainfall started decreasing and water availability turned less and less, the Anasazi decided to join other clans who were accustomed to more water access or availability. Here the double negative - less limited -means more available in terms of quantity. This is what text and choice A imply.

B also says the same essentially in an unacceptably wordy paraphrase. In addition, look at the relative pronoun, ‘where’ which is absurdly standing for the clans, as if clans are places. We should dump choice C also for the same reason and for not defining precisely whether the pronoun ‘they’ stands for the subject Anasazi or the proximate clans.

By referring to water access as a countable commodity and using the plural limitations, choices D and E foul the usage of the quantum comparative ‘less’, a term normally reserved for non- countable nouns. We may appreciate how smugly choice A uses ‘less limited’ to modify the singular noun ‘access’.

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Re: As rainfall began to decrease in the Southwest about the [#permalink]

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10 May 2011, 10:48
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Not convinced with OG of E.
Less Limitation is wrong ?
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Re: As rainfall began to decrease in the Southwest about the [#permalink]

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26 Jun 2011, 22:41
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Explain using POE...

As rainfall began to decrease in the Southwest about the middle of the twelfth century, most of the Monument Valley Anasazi abandoned their homes to join other clans whose access to water was less limited.

C. where they had less limited water access
D. with less limitations on water access
E. having less limitations to water access
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Re: As rainfall began to decrease in the Southwest about the [#permalink]

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22 Nov 2011, 10:09
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Here's the question:

As rainfall began to decrease in the Southwest about the middle middle of the twelfth century, most of the Monument Valley Anasazi abadoned their homes to join other clans whose access to water was less limited.

C) where they had less limited water access

D) with less limitations on water access

E) having less limitations to water access

Which did you pick and why?
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Re: As rainfall began to decrease in the Southwest about the [#permalink]

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22 Nov 2011, 11:50
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Wow thanks!

I'm struggling with the fact that the term limitations is countable.

EG.

There are more limitations on spending
There are many limitations on spending

my ear can't hear the correctness
also, is this different with limit and restriction?
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Re: As rainfall began to decrease in the Southwest about the [#permalink]

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23 Nov 2011, 08:28
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I chose D, and got it wrong. That's an interesting question...the phrase "less limitations" can be tricky.
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Re: As rainfall began to decrease in the Southwest about the [#permalink]

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23 Nov 2011, 09:46
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Yeah I chose D as well because A seems more awkward having "access to water was less limited".

So the correction here is
a) fewer limitations
b) less limited

Still, the "countable" part of limitations is a tough one to swallow for me - short of memorizing, is there any other strategies?
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Re: As rainfall began to decrease in the Southwest about the [#permalink]

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30 Nov 2011, 20:12
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hussi9 wrote:
Not convinced with OG of E.
Less Limitation is wrong ?

"Limitations" is plural, thus the use of less is wrong. It should be fewer.
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Re: As rainfall began to decrease in the Southwest about the [#permalink]

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01 Dec 2011, 02:39
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"where" is wrong. Eliminate B and C. "Having" in choice E is incorrect structure. Choice D, "less limitation" is not prefer than verb "less limited" follow V-A-N concision.
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Re: As rainfall began to decrease in the Southwest about the [#permalink]

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08 Jul 2012, 00:32
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What is the problem in the use of where ???
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Re: As rainfall began to decrease in the Southwest about the [#permalink]

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08 Jul 2012, 01:52
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Where refers to a place. Other Clans is not a place.
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Re: As rainfall began to decrease in the Southwest about the [#permalink]

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08 Jul 2012, 08:10
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"whose" refers to clans as in option A. IMO A it is.
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Re: As rainfall began to decrease in the Southwest about the [#permalink]

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23 Mar 2013, 12:52
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As rainfall began to decrease in the Southwest about the middle of the twelfth century, most of the Monument Valley Anasazi abandoned their homes to join other clans whose access to water was less limited.

C. where they had less limited water access
D. with less limitations on water access
E. having less limitations to water access

Need every options explanation
Re: As rainfall began to decrease in the Southwest about the   [#permalink] 23 Mar 2013, 12:52

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