As the housing affordability gap widens, middle-income : GMAT Sentence Correction (SC)
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# As the housing affordability gap widens, middle-income

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Director
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As the housing affordability gap widens, middle-income [#permalink]

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09 Mar 2006, 21:11
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As the housing affordability gap widens, middle-income families are especially hard-hit, and these families can no longer qualify to buy homes, and rising rental rates force them to use far more than the standard 25 percent of their incomes for housing, leaving them with no equity or tax write-offs to offset the expenditures.
(A) and these families can no longer qualify to buy homes, and
(B) since these families can no longer afford to buy homes, furthermore
(C) for these families can no longer afford to buy homes, yet
(D) and these families can no longer afford to buy homes; however,
(E) and these families can no longer afford to buy homes, for

Which one is better. C or D?
If you have any questions
New!
Director
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10 Mar 2006, 02:22
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b14kumar wrote:
As the housing affordability gap widens, middle-income families are especially hard-hit, and these families can no longer qualify to buy homes, and rising rental rates force them to use far more than the standard 25 percent of their incomes for housing, leaving them with no equity or tax write-offs to offset the expenditures.
(A) and these families can no longer qualify to buy homes, and
(B) since these families can no longer afford to buy homes, furthermore
(C) for these families can no longer afford to buy homes, yet
(D) and these families can no longer afford to buy homes; however,
(E) and these families can no longer afford to buy homes, for

Which one is better. C or D?

I am going with ^ E ^ here

We have the reason of the unaffordibility for these families and this is provided with "for" in E.
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10 Mar 2006, 04:41
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I initially selected B.
But, after seeing Selene's reply, I think E is correct. "For" correctly explains the reason for unaffordability.
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10 Mar 2006, 08:24
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b14kumar wrote:
As the housing affordability gap widens, middle-income families are especially hard-hit, and these families can no longer qualify to buy homes, and rising rental rates force them to use far more than the standard 25 percent of their incomes for housing, leaving them with no equity or tax write-offs to offset the expenditures.
(A) and these families can no longer qualify to buy homes, and
(B) since these families can no longer afford to buy homes, furthermore
(C) for these families can no longer afford to buy homes, yet
(D) and these families can no longer afford to buy homes; however,
(E) and these families can no longer afford to buy homes, for

Which one is better. C or D?

b14kumar, I dont understand why you asked between C and D

In C, there is a meaning like "the middle class families are hard hit because they canot afford to buy houses" and after this it says "yet ..." . However, the instruction following this is parallel with their unaffordibility.

It is same for D. It uses "however". We dont have an opposing idea afterwards. So these 2 choices must be wrong.

B uses "since" meaning "because" and in A we have a parellel struction, all tied to eachother with "and" and thats not we are looking for.

that is why I think E is correct
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11 Mar 2006, 01:51
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selene wrote:
b14kumar wrote:
As the housing affordability gap widens, middle-income families are especially hard-hit, and these families can no longer qualify to buy homes, and rising rental rates force them to use far more than the standard 25 percent of their incomes for housing, leaving them with no equity or tax write-offs to offset the expenditures.
(A) and these families can no longer qualify to buy homes, and
(B) since these families can no longer afford to buy homes, furthermore
(C) for these families can no longer afford to buy homes, yet
(D) and these families can no longer afford to buy homes; however,
(E) and these families can no longer afford to buy homes, for

Which one is better. C or D?

b14kumar, I dont understand why you asked between C and D

In C, there is a meaning like "the middle class families are hard hit because they canot afford to buy houses" and after this it says "yet ..." . However, the instruction following this is parallel with their unaffordibility.

It is same for D. It uses "however". We dont have an opposing idea afterwards. So these 2 choices must be wrong.

B uses "since" meaning "because" and in A we have a parellel struction, all tied to eachother with "and" and thats not we are looking for.

that is why I think E is correct

If you look at the sentence:

It says Middle income families are not able to afford to buy an independent house so they have option of taking house on rent.
However rising rental rates force them to use far more than the standard 25 percent of their incomes for housing.

So only C and D give the options for correct answer.
But I was confused between 'however' and 'yet'.

Vivek, GMATT73,
Why is C more concise?
I think D is more clear.
I am not able to discern the use of 'for'....'yet' in C.
Could you explain this by giving some examples?

Thanks!
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13 Mar 2006, 08:12
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I think "B" is the correct anser. BUT A MAJOR CONCERN

In all answer choices(B to D) .. we have "afford" instead of "qualify" .... Can we afford assuming both mean same in the given context?

I don't think so ...
A person might be qualified but he might not be able to afford buying a house .. he might have some other plans with his money ... etc.

Explanation heartly appreciated!

Lets ace together!
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13 Mar 2006, 09:28
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I think the answer is B.

The middle class is hard hit.. why?
1. Because.. ( Since.... )
2 and the rates... (furthermore)
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13 Mar 2006, 20:38
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C it is.

2 selene and other guys.
'For' in this case means 'because'.
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15 Mar 2006, 20:51
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selene wrote:
M8 wrote:
C it is.

2 selene and other guys.
'For' in this case means 'because'.

Oh yes M8 thanks "for" means "because" here but I am confused about the use of "yet". The sentence talks about the affordibility hardship for those families and there is nothing contrasting to this idea

"yet" is not clear there

YET can also mean nevertheless and in addition to
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12 Mar 2006, 20:18
Vivek, GMATT73,

Knock Knock......
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13 Mar 2006, 09:31
b14kumar wrote:
Vivek, GMATT73,

Knock Knock......

Sorry Brajesh,
I think MATT is busy, I haven't seen him around for a while now.

Well, if we read this sentence carefully, it represents the "contrasting scenario", that's why we need "yet". Let us put what sentence says in this way...

"these families are already hit by spending too much on rent yet the overall process is hitting them harder"
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13 Mar 2006, 19:40
vivek123 wrote:
b14kumar wrote:
Vivek, GMATT73,

Knock Knock......

Sorry Brajesh,
I think MATT is busy, I haven't seen him around for a while now.

Well, if we read this sentence carefully, it represents the "contrasting scenario", that's why we need "yet". Let us put what sentence says in this way...

"these families are already hit by spending too much on rent yet the overall process is hitting them harder"

Thanks Vivek.
I got the notion but my confusion was the usage of 'for'.....'yet' structure.
I don't know but I am bit uncomforatble with the use of 'for' in C.

for these families can no longer afford to buy homes, yet

Regards,
Brajesh
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14 Mar 2006, 06:56
M8 wrote:
C it is.

2 selene and other guys.
'For' in this case means 'because'.

Oh yes M8 thanks "for" means "because" here but I am confused about the use of "yet". The sentence talks about the affordibility hardship for those families and there is nothing contrasting to this idea

"yet" is not clear there
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15 Mar 2006, 21:04
selene wrote:
M8 wrote:
C it is.

2 selene and other guys.
'For' in this case means 'because'.

Oh yes M8 thanks "for" means "because" here but I am confused about the use of "yet". The sentence talks about the affordibility hardship for those families and there is nothing contrasting to this idea

"yet" is not clear there

Here 'yet' means 'However at the same time'

Regards,
Brajesh
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23 Mar 2006, 22:53
Guys,

OA is C.

Regards,
Brajesh
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14 Jun 2007, 00:58
we need to say why these families are hard-hit. It's because they can no longer afford to buy homes. So we can take out A,D and E since these doesn't attempt to answer with some form of 'because'.

B and C does that with 'since' and 'for'.

In B, 'furthermore' attempts to describe the problem that is compounded on the middle income families. 'yet' in C, fails to have the same emphasis.

B for me.
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14 Jun 2007, 01:17
I don't understand the difference between "yet" and "furthermore" here
"yet" shows contrast: at the same time, however...
To my opinion, we can use both "yet" and "furthermore" here

But why OA is C?

Why "yet" is better in this case?
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14 Jun 2007, 04:15
Can anyone please explain why B is incorrect
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16 Jun 2007, 05:10
B mixes up the cause and effect

the actual meaning of the sentence is that:
...middle income families are hard hit and hence they cannot buy homes anymore

whereas B suggests that:
...the middle income families are hard hit because they cannot buy homes anymore

Hence Ans C

My detailed explanation

A) and these families can no longer qualify to buy home, and

obviously incorrect

(B) since these families can no longer afford to buy homes, furthermore

B does not the give the meaning as C does(which is explained below)
(C) for these families can no longer afford to buy homes, yet

'c' is our winner! yet is required here to mean that though they cannot afford to buy, the rental rates force them to buy homes.

(D) and these families can no longer afford to buy homes; however,

'and' in D,E and A is incorrect as "these families can no longer afford to buy homes" compliments the point that the middle class is hard hit

(E) and these families can no longer afford to buy homes, for
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17 Jun 2007, 05:34
B is a run-on sentence.Replace the comma with a semicolon and u'll know.
17 Jun 2007, 05:34
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