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Astronomers have uncovered evidence that a star that was as

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Astronomers have uncovered evidence that a star that was as [#permalink] New post 04 May 2008, 17:27
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Astronomers have uncovered evidence that a star that was as bright as the full moon exploding into view 340.000 years ago, emitting dazzling radiation that could have disrupted Earth's protective ozone layer and sunburned our Stone Age ancestors.

A. that a star that was as bright as the full moon exploding into view 340,000 years ago, emitting
B. that a star as bright as the full moon exploded into view 340,000 years ago, emitting
C. of a star that was as bright as the full moon exploding into view 340,000 years ago and that it emitted
D. of a star as bright as the full moon, exploding into view 340,000 years ago and emitting
E. of a star as bright as the full moon that exploded into view 340,000 years ago and that emitted
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by pqhai on 13 Dec 2013, 12:52, edited 2 times in total.
Added OA
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Re: SC - astronomers [#permalink] New post 04 May 2008, 17:35
quiet888 wrote:
Astronomers have uncovered evidence that a star that was as bright as the full moon exploding into view 340.000 years ago, emitting dazzling radiation that could have disrupted Earth's protective ozone layer and sunburned our Stone Age ancestors.

A. that a star that was as bright as the full moon exploding into view 340,000 years ago, emitting
B. that a star as bright as the full moon exploded into view 340,000 years ago, emitting
C. of a star that was as bright as the full moon exploding into view 340,000 years ago and that it emitted
D. of a star as bright as the full moon, exploding into view 340,000 years ago and emitting
E. of a star as bright as the full moon that exploded into view 340,000 years ago and that emitted


E.
Because I need a parallelism btw "sunburned" and "emitted".
I think "sunburned" can not parallel with "emitting" in A, B, D, so all of these out
C confusal "it"
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Re: SC - astronomers [#permalink] New post 04 May 2008, 17:43
Correct answer is B. Though still don't understand why.
Anyone can help?
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Re: SC - astronomers [#permalink] New post 04 May 2008, 17:49
Admittedly, I am weak at parallelism. Which parts paralles still be a myth to me! Wait to see a thorough guide!
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Re: SC - astronomers [#permalink] New post 04 May 2008, 17:53
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sondenso wrote:
quiet888 wrote:
Astronomers have uncovered evidence that a star that was as bright as the full moon exploding into view 340.000 years ago, emitting dazzling radiation that could have disrupted Earth's protective ozone layer and sunburned our Stone Age ancestors.

A. that a star that was as bright as the full moon exploding into view 340,000 years ago, emitting
B. that a star as bright as the full moon exploded into view 340,000 years ago, emitting
C. of a star that was as bright as the full moon exploding into view 340,000 years ago and that it emitted
D. of a star as bright as the full moon, exploding into view 340,000 years ago and emitting
E. of a star as bright as the full moon that exploded into view 340,000 years ago and that emitted


E.
Because I need a parallelism btw "sunburned" and "emitted".
I think "sunburned" can not parallel with "emitting" in A, B, D, so all of these out
C confusal "it"

To start with I am assuming it is the star that exploded , not the moon.
So, 'that' in E is modifying moon.(and incorrectly saying that moon exploded)
Same problem with A.
In C, no clear referrent for 'it'. (moon or star?)
In D, Astronomers have uncovered evidence of X, exploding...(you see something wrong here.Did Astronmers exploded?)

B clearly says, Astronomers have uncovered evidence that a star(as bright as full moon) exploded...,emitting...
Clearly star exploded, and star is emitting.

Last edited by mymba99 on 04 May 2008, 17:54, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: SC - astronomers [#permalink] New post 04 May 2008, 17:54
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Answer B :

1) Correct Idiom :- evidence that

2) You have only two choices left now A, B . In A using exploding was a verb error. It should have been exploded
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Re: SC - astronomers [#permalink] New post 04 May 2008, 18:00
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saravalli wrote:
sondenso wrote:
quiet888 wrote:
Astronomers have uncovered evidence that a star that was as bright as the full moon exploding into view 340.000 years ago, emitting dazzling radiation that could have disrupted Earth's protective ozone layer and sunburned our Stone Age ancestors.

A. that a star that was as bright as the full moon exploding into view 340,000 years ago, emitting
B. that a star as bright as the full moon exploded into view 340,000 years ago, emitting
C. of a star that was as bright as the full moon exploding into view 340,000 years ago and that it emitted
D. of a star as bright as the full moon, exploding into view 340,000 years ago and emitting
E. of a star as bright as the full moon that exploded into view 340,000 years ago and that emitted


E.
Because I need a parallelism btw "sunburned" and "emitted".
I think "sunburned" can not parallel with "emitting" in A, B, D, so all of these out
C confusal "it"

To start with I am assuming it is the star that exploded , not the moon.
So, 'that' in E is modifying moon.(and incorrectly saying that moon exploded)
Same problem with A.
In C, no clear referrent for 'it'. (moon or star?)
In D, Astronomers have uncovered evidence of X, exploding...(you see something wrong here.Did Astronmers exploded?)

B clearly says, Astronomers have uncovered evidence that a star(as bright as full moon) exploded...,emitting...
Clearly star exploded, and star is emitting.


Many thanks Saravalli,

This way is helpful, I try to use it later and see how it is! Thanks
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Re: SC - astronomers [#permalink] New post 05 May 2008, 06:31
This is about idiom and progressive tense.
correct idiom : evidence that .... Leaves A, B

Between A,B, A implies that the star "was" as bright as as the moon incorrectly.

quiet888 wrote:
Astronomers have uncovered evidence that a star that was as bright as the full moon exploding into view 340.000 years ago, emitting dazzling radiation that could have disrupted Earth's protective ozone layer and sunburned our Stone Age ancestors.

A. that a star that was as bright as the full moon exploding into view 340,000 years ago, emitting
B. that a star as bright as the full moon exploded into view 340,000 years ago, emitting
C. of a star that was as bright as the full moon exploding into view 340,000 years ago and that it emitted
D. of a star as bright as the full moon, exploding into view 340,000 years ago and emitting
E. of a star as bright as the full moon that exploded into view 340,000 years ago and that emitted
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Re: Astronomers have uncovered evidence that a star that was as [#permalink] New post 18 Jan 2012, 23:18
with B.
E has misplaced modifier.
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Re: Astronomers have uncovered evidence that a star that was as [#permalink] New post 03 Jul 2013, 05:13
Idiom is Evidence "that"

So only A and B are left

In option A Exploding is modifying moon and this doesn't make any sense!

Option B is correct!
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Re: Astronomers have uncovered evidence that a star that was as [#permalink] New post 11 Dec 2013, 13:09
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Hello guys.
This question is very good to practice Verb-ing modifier, Verb-ed modifier and relative clause "that".

NOTE:
Verb-ing modifier + NO commas ==> modifies preceding noun.
"that" + NO commas ==> modifies a preceding noun.
Verb-ed modifier ==> always modifiers preceding noun.


Astronomers have uncovered evidence that a star that was as bright as the full moon exploding into view 340.000 years ago, emitting dazzling radiation that could have disrupted Earth's protective ozone layer and sunburned our Stone Age ancestors.

A. that a star that was as bright as the full moon exploding into view 340,000 years ago, emitting
Wrong. "exploding" modifies "moon" <-- wrong.

B. that a star as bright as the full moon exploded into view 340,000 years ago, emitting
Correct.. "emitting" is modifier + comma --> modifies the preceding clause --> give the result of the explosion of the star.

C. of a star that was as bright as the full moon exploding into view 340,000 years ago and that it emitted
Wrong. "exploding" modifies "moon" <-- wrong.

D. of a star as bright as the full moon, exploding into view 340,000 years ago and emitting
Wrong. "exploding" is modifier. But we need MAIN verb here --> "exploded" is correct, not "exploding".

E. of a star as bright as the full moon that exploded into view 340,000 years ago and that emitted
Wrong. "that" modifies "moon" --> moon exploded ? Wrong meaning.

Hope it helps.
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Re: Astronomers have uncovered evidence that a star that was as [#permalink] New post 13 Dec 2013, 07:18
pqhai wrote:
Hello guys.
This question is very good to practice Verb-ing modifier, Verb-ed modifier and relative clause "that".

NOTE:
Verb-ing modifier + NO commas ==> modifies preceding noun.
"that" + NO commas ==> modifies a preceding noun.
Verb-ed modifier ==> always modifiers preceding noun.


Astronomers have uncovered evidence that a star that was as bright as the full moon exploding into view 340.000 years ago, emitting dazzling radiation that could have disrupted Earth's protective ozone layer and sunburned our Stone Age ancestors.

A. that a star that was as bright as the full moon exploding into view 340,000 years ago, emitting
Wrong. "exploding" modifies "moon" <-- wrong.

B. that a star as bright as the full moon exploded into view 340,000 years ago, emitting
Correct.. "emitting" is modifier + comma --> modifies the preceding clause --> give the result of the explosion of the star.

C. of a star that was as bright as the full moon exploding into view 340,000 years ago and that it emitted
Wrong. "exploding" modifies "moon" <-- wrong.

D. of a star as bright as the full moon, exploding into view 340,000 years ago and emitting
Wrong. "exploding" is modifier. But we need MAIN verb here --> "exploded" is correct, not "exploding".

E. of a star as bright as the full moon that exploded into view 340,000 years ago and that emitted
Wrong. "that" modifies "moon" --> moon exploded ? Wrong meaning.

Hope it helps.



Hi Pqhai,

you said that "Verb-ed modifier ==> always modifiers preceding noun",as per this in option B the verb Exploded should modify Full Moon rite?Please Clarify if i am missing something.

oh i think Exploded will be considered as a Modifier only when it is preceded by "that".Am i correct?
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Re: Astronomers have uncovered evidence that a star that was as [#permalink] New post 13 Dec 2013, 12:51
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vamshiande wrote:
pqhai wrote:
Hello guys.
This question is very good to practice Verb-ing modifier, Verb-ed modifier and relative clause "that".

NOTE:
Verb-ing modifier + NO commas ==> modifies preceding noun.
"that" + NO commas ==> modifies a preceding noun.
Verb-ed modifier ==> always modifiers preceding noun.


Astronomers have uncovered evidence that a star that was as bright as the full moon exploding into view 340.000 years ago, emitting dazzling radiation that could have disrupted Earth's protective ozone layer and sunburned our Stone Age ancestors.

A. that a star that was as bright as the full moon exploding into view 340,000 years ago, emitting
Wrong. "exploding" modifies "moon" <-- wrong.

B. that a star as bright as the full moon exploded into view 340,000 years ago, emitting
Correct.. "emitting" is modifier + comma --> modifies the preceding clause --> give the result of the explosion of the star.

C. of a star that was as bright as the full moon exploding into view 340,000 years ago and that it emitted
Wrong. "exploding" modifies "moon" <-- wrong.

D. of a star as bright as the full moon, exploding into view 340,000 years ago and emitting
Wrong. "exploding" is modifier. But we need MAIN verb here --> "exploded" is correct, not "exploding".

E. of a star as bright as the full moon that exploded into view 340,000 years ago and that emitted
Wrong. "that" modifies "moon" --> moon exploded ? Wrong meaning.

Hope it helps.



Hi Pqhai,

you said that "Verb-ed modifier ==> always modifiers preceding noun",as per this in option B the verb Exploded should modify Full Moon rite?Please Clarify if i am missing something.

oh i think Exploded will be considered as a Modifier only when it is preceded by "that".Am i correct?


Hello vamshiande

No problem. I'm glad to help. You missed the structure a bit. "Exploded" is a verb, NOT Verb-ed modifier. Please note: after "that", we use a CLAUSE, thus "exploded" can't be a verb-ed modifier.

Hope it makes sense.
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Re: Astronomers have uncovered evidence that a star that was as [#permalink] New post 04 Mar 2014, 06:48
The error which I can identify is “exploding” which modified “full moon” and there is no verb there.

So on the basis of that, I have eliminated Options A) , C) . Option D) has comma + verbing modifier so should either present “How” or results – both are not applicable from context.

Now in Option E) I have a doubt what “that” modifies.

I guess “that” modified star and not full moon as “as bright as the full moon” modifies the star and as per the article noun-modifiers-can-modify-slightly-far-away-noun-135868.html, it should modify the star.

In that case, the Option E) looks ok. Can you please clarify?
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Re: Astronomers have uncovered evidence that a star that was as [#permalink] New post 05 Mar 2014, 03:22
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kinjiGC wrote:
The error which I can identify is “exploding” which modified “full moon” and there is no verb there.

So on the basis of that, I have eliminated Options A) , C) . Option D) has comma + verbing modifier so should either present “How” or results – both are not applicable from context.

Now in Option E) I have a doubt what “that” modifies.

I guess “that” modified star and not full moon as “as bright as the full moon” modifies the star and as per the article noun-modifiers-can-modify-slightly-far-away-noun-135868.html, it should modify the star.

In that case, the Option E) looks ok. Can you please clarify?


Hi there,

Thank you for posting your query here. :)

As the article tells you, a good way to test whether a modifier can 'jump over' the preceding modifier is to check whether the preceding modifier can be placed anywhere else. If it can, then the second modifier can't 'jump over' the first. In this sentence, "that was as bright as the full moon" can't be placed anywhere else, since it's clearly referring to the star. So, you're right: there's no issue with this modifier.

The problem with this option is that it destroys the intended meaning of the sentence. According to the intended meaning of the original sentence, "emitting" was the result of "exploding". The star exploded, resulting in the emission of dazzling radiation. This cause-and-effect relationship no longer exists when we turn "emitted" into a verb and join the two words using "and". In this context, "and" only tells use that two actions were performed by the star: it exploded, and it emitted radiation. It doesn't tell us that the explosion caused the emission of radiation, and thus distorts the intended meaning of the sentence.

I hope this helps to clarify your doubt!

Regards,
Meghna
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Re: Astronomers have uncovered evidence that a star that was as   [#permalink] 05 Mar 2014, 03:22
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