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At Flordyce University any student who wants to participate [#permalink]

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13 Aug 2010, 23:15

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At Flordyce University any student who wants to participate in a certain archaeological dig is eligible to do so but only if the student has taken at least one archaeology course and has shown an interest in the field. Many students who have shown an interest in archaeology never take even one archaeology course. Therefore, many students who want to participate in the dig will be ineligible to do so. The flawed reasoning of which one of the following arguments is most similar to that of the argument above? (A) Theoretically, any jar is worth saving regardless of its size, but only if it has a lid. Therefore, since some jars are sure not to have lids, there are certain sizes of jar that are actually not worth saving. (B) For a horse that is well schooled to be ideal for beginning riders that horse must also be surefooted and gentle. Many horses that are surefooted are not gentle. Therefore many well-schooled horses are not ideal for beginning riders. (C) If an author’s first novel has a romantic setting and a suspenseful plot, it will become a best-seller. Since many authors’ first novels have neither, not many first novels become best-sellers. (D) Any automobile that is more than a few years old is eventually sure to need repairs if it is not regularly maintained. Many automobiles are more than a few years old, but still do not need repairs. Therefore, many automobiles are regularly maintained. (E) An expensive new building will prove to be a good investment only if it is aesthetically pleasing or provides lots of office space. However, since many expensive new buildings are not aesthetically pleasing, few expensive new buildings will prove to be good investments.

Please help me know how to choose between B and E. I fell for E.

E says aesthetically pleasing OR provides lots of office space(either one), while the argument specifies one archaeology course AND interest in the field (both)

At Flordyce University any student who wants to participate in a certain archaeological dig is eligible to do so but only if the student has taken at least one archaeology course and has shown an interest in the field. Many students who have shown an interest in archaeology never take even one archaeology course. Therefore, many students who want to participate in the dig will be ineligible to do so. The flawed reasoning of which one of the following arguments is most similar to that of the argument above?

(B) For a horse that is well schooled to be ideal for beginning riders that horse must also be surefooted and gentle. Many horses that are surefooted are not gentle. Therefore many well-schooled horses are not ideal for beginning riders.

(E) An expensive new building will prove to be a good investment only if it is aesthetically pleasing or provides lots of office space. However, since many expensive new buildings are not aesthetically pleasing, few expensive new buildings will prove to be good investments.

Please help me know how to choose between B and E. I fell for E.

B it is.

The arguments:

- To participate in the dig - Student must have: one archeology course + interest in the field. - Many students have interest but no archeology course => Many students who want to participate in the dig will not be able to.

The flaw: "Many students" is not the same as "Many students who want to participate in the dig", for example, many students in the world has an IQ of 110, therefore many students in Harvard will have an IQ of 110.

B repeat the same flaws: "For a horse that is well schooled" is not the same as "Many horse", and plus B parallels in the reasoning with the original argument

E is not parrallel in the reasoning just as Ramana said, we need an "and", not an "or".

Re: At Flordyce University any student who wants to participate [#permalink]

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17 Nov 2014, 06:44

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Re: At Flordyce University any student who wants to participate [#permalink]

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09 Aug 2015, 18:19

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Re: At Flordyce University any student who wants to participate [#permalink]

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09 Sep 2016, 17:52

Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.

Re: At Flordyce University any student who wants to participate [#permalink]

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11 Sep 2016, 00:48

At Flordyce University any student who wants to participate in a certain archaeological dig is eligible to do so but only if the student has taken at least one archaeology course and has shown an interest in the field. Many students who have shown an interest in archaeology never take even one archaeology course. Therefore, many students who want to participate in the dig will be ineligible to do so. The flawed reasoning of which one of the following arguments is most similar to that of the argument above?

Logical reasoning--

A(student to participate in arch Dig) ----> B(student to take arch course)

-B(student not taking arch course) ----> -A(student ineligible to participate in arch Dig)

(A) Theoretically, any jar is worth saving regardless of its size, but only if it has a lid. Therefore, since some jars are sure not to have lids, there are certain sizes of jar that are actually not worth saving.

1. Jar irrespective of size workth saving ----> it has a lid 2. Some Jars are not sure have lids---> there are certain Size that are actually not worth saving

(incorrect not in conformity)

(B) For a horse that is well schooled to be ideal for beginning riders that horse must also be surefooted and gentle. Many horses that are surefooted are not gentle. Therefore many well-schooled horses are not ideal for beginning riders.

horse that is well schooled to be ideal for beginning riders ----> horse must also be surefooted and gentle A + B = C + D

==> B ==D

Many horses that are surefooted are not gentle. Therefore many well-schooled horses are not ideal for beginning riders.

C -D = A -B

==> -D == -B

Ans, option B best choice

(C) If an author’s first novel has a romantic setting and a suspenseful plot, it will become a best-seller. Since many authors’ first novels have neither, not many first novels become best-sellers.

A novel -->B(romantic setting) and C(suspenseful plot)==> D (best-seller) A novel--> X B(romantic setting) and X C(suspenseful plot)==> X D (best-seller)

===> correct form -D = -B and -C , hence C eliminated

(D) Any automobile that is more than a few years old is eventually sure to need repairs if it is not regularly maintained. Many automobiles are more than a few years old, but still do not need repairs. Therefore, many automobiles are regularly maintained.

A -->B---> -C A---> -B---> C

(E) An expensive new building will prove to be a good investment only if it is aesthetically pleasing or provides lots of office space. However, since many expensive new buildings are not aesthetically pleasing, few expensive new buildings will prove to be good investments.

A--->Good Investment If B(aesthetically pleasing) OR C(lots of office space)

A---> -B(not aesthetically pleasing), A---> Good Investment ???

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