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# At the bakery Lew spent a total of 6$for one kind of  Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics Author Message TAGS: Manager Joined: 29 Nov 2011 Posts: 82 Followers: 1 Kudos [?]: 149 [0], given: 37 At the bakery Lew spent a total of 6$ for one kind of [#permalink]  15 Apr 2012, 21:29
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52% (02:58) correct 48% (01:39) wrong based on 71 sessions
At the bakery Lew spent a total of 6$for one kind of cupcake and one kind of doughnut. How many donuts did he buy? (1) Price of 2 doughty was$.10 less than 3 cupcakes
(2) Average price of 1 doughnut and 1 cupcake was $.035 [Reveal] Spoiler: OA Senior Manager Joined: 12 Mar 2012 Posts: 369 Concentration: Operations, Strategy Followers: 2 Kudos [?]: 125 [1] , given: 31 Re: Word problem: doughnut [#permalink] 15 Apr 2012, 21:56 1 This post received KUDOS Smita04 wrote: At the bakery lew spent a total of 6$ for one kind of cupcake and one kind of doughnut. How many donuts did he buy?
1) price of 2 doughty was $.10 less than 3 cupcakes 2) average price of 1 doughnut and 1 cupcake was$.035

let
cupcakes purchased= x
doughnut purchased= y

price of one cupcake and doughnut be c and d respectively,
then

cx+dy = 6

we need to find y.

statement 1) 2d= 3c - 0.1
INsufficient

statement 2) (c+d)/2 = 0.035
c+d = 0.035*2

Insufficient

1) and 2)

we can have c and d but we have no info about x and y.

Insufficient.

hence E

Hope this helps..!!
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Re: Word problem: doughnut [#permalink]  05 Feb 2014, 13:41
Smita04 wrote:
At the bakery lew spent a total of 6$for one kind of cupcake and one kind of doughnut. How many donuts did he buy? 1) price of 2 doughty was$.10 less than 3 cupcakes
2) average price of 1 doughnut and 1 cupcake was $.035 let cupcakes purchased= x doughnut purchased= y price of one cupcake and doughnut be c and d respectively, then cx+dy = 6 we need to find y. statement 1) 2d= 3c - 0.1 INsufficient statement 2) (c+d)/2 = 0.035 c+d = 0.035*2 Insufficient 1) and 2) we can have c and d but we have no info about x and y. Insufficient. hence E Hope this helps..!! But I guess still one has to prove whether 'x' and 'y' could be found using the equation Dx + Cy, remember that x,y standing for the number of Donuts and Cupcakes have to be integers and must satisfy Dx + Cy = 6. Therefore, the next question is, how can we do this in the most efficient way? Experts, any thoughts? Veritas Prep GMAT Instructor Joined: 16 Oct 2010 Posts: 5849 Location: Pune, India Followers: 1477 Kudos [?]: 7925 [1] , given: 190 Re: At the bakery Lew spent a total of 6$ for one kind of [#permalink]  05 Feb 2014, 21:54
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Smita04 wrote:
At the bakery Lew spent a total of 6$for one kind of cupcake and one kind of doughnut. How many donuts did he buy? (1) Price of 2 doughty was$.10 less than 3 cupcakes
(2) Average price of 1 doughnut and 1 cupcake was $.035 There is an error in this question. "Average price of 1 doughnut and 1 cupcake was$0.35"
It doesn't make sense if the average price is 3.5 cents. The numbers don't work. It must be 35 cents. Convert everything to cents.

Using both statements together, you get
3C - 2D = 10 (C is the price of cupcakes and D is the price of doughnuts)
C + D = 35*2

Solving them simultaneously, you get C = 30, D = 40.

If Nc is number of cupcakes and Nd is number of doughnuts,
30*Nc + 40*Nd = 600
3*Nc + 4*Nd = 60
The first solution I get is Nd = 3, Nc = 16
We will get many more solutions such as Nd = 6, Nc = 12. Also, Nd = 9, Nc = 8 etc
Hence both statements together are not sufficient.

Note that in this equation: 3*Nc + 4*Nd = 60, if instead of 60, the total price were say 18, there would have been only one solution.
3*Nc + 4*Nd = 18
Nc = 2, Nd = 3
Other possible solutions will be Nc = 6, Nd = 0; Or Nc = -2, Nd = 6 etc
Since we cannot buy negative or 0 number of items (she spends money on doughnuts AND cupcakes so she must have bought at least one of each), no other solution works.

Refer to this post for further details on this method: http://www.veritasprep.com/blog/2011/06 ... -of-thumb/
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Get started with Veritas Prep GMAT On Demand for $199 Veritas Prep Reviews GMAT Club Legend Joined: 09 Sep 2013 Posts: 6079 Followers: 340 Kudos [?]: 68 [0], given: 0 Re: At the bakery Lew spent a total of 6$ for one kind of [#permalink]  03 Mar 2015, 05:19
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Re: At the bakery Lew spent a total of 6$for one kind of [#permalink] 03 Mar 2015, 05:19 Similar topics Replies Last post Similar Topics: 6 Sam spent a total of$6.00 on pens and pencils. How many pen 3 01 May 2013, 00:59
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