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At the end of the nineteenth century, a rising interest in

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At the end of the nineteenth century, a rising interest in [#permalink] New post 29 Aug 2011, 03:29
At the end of the nineteenth century, a rising interest in Native American customs and an increasing desire to understand Native American culture prompted ethnologists to begin recording the life stories of Native American. Ethnologists had a distinct reason for wanting to hear the stories: they were after linguistic or anthropological data that would supplement their own field observations, and they believed that the personal stories, even of a single individual, could increase their understanding of the cultures that they had been observing from without. In addition many ethnologists at the turn of the century believed that Native American manners and customs were rapidly disappearing, and that it was important to preserve for posterity as much information as could be adequately recorded before the cultures disappeared forever. There were, however, arguments against this method as a way of acquiring accurate and complete information. Franz Boas, for example, described autobiographies as being “of limited value, and useful chiefly for the study of the perversion of truth by memory,” while Paul Radin contended that investigators rarely spent enough time with the tribes they were observing, and inevitably derived results too tinged by the investigator’s own emotional tone to be reliable. Even more importantly, as these life stories moved from the traditional oral mode to recorded written form, much was inevitably lost. Editors often decided what elements were significant to the field research on a given tribe. Native Americans recognized that the essence of their lives could not be communicated in
English and that events that they thought significant were often deemed unimportant by their interviewers. Indeed, the very act of telling their stories could force Native American narrators to distort their cultures, as taboos had to be broken to speak the names of dead relatives crucial to their family stories. Despite all of this, autobiography remains a useful
tool for ethnological research: such personal reminiscences and impressions, incomplete as they may be, are likely to throw more light on the working of the mind and emotions than any amount of speculation from an ethnologist or ethnological theorist from another culture.

33. Which of the following best describes the organization of the passage?
(A) The historical backgrounds of two currently used research methods are chronicled.
(B) The validity of the data collected by using two different research methods is compared.
(C) The usefulness of a research method is questioned and then a new method is proposed.
(D) The use of a research method is described and the limitations of the results obtained are discussed.
(E) A research method is evaluated and the changes necessary for its adaptation to other subject areas are discussed.
OA & OE
[Reveal] Spoiler:
(A) Only one research method is discussed in the passage.
(B) Th e validity of data is questioned, but only one research method is discussed.
(C) While the usefulness of the method is questioned, no new one is proposed.
(D) Correct. Th e method of recording life stories is described, its limitations acknowledged, and its usefulness recognized.
(E) A research method is evaluated, but no changes are proposed.
Th e correct answer is D.


34. Which of the following is most similar to the actions of nineteenth-century ethnologists in their editing of the life stories of Native Americans?
(A) A witness in a jury trial invokes the Fifth Amendment in order to avoid relating personally incriminating evidence.
(B) A stockbroker refuses to divulge the source of her information on the possible future increase in a stock’s value.
(C) A sports announcer describes the action in a team sport with which he is unfamiliar.
(D) A chef purposely excludes the special ingredient from the recipe of his prizewinning dessert.
(E) A politician fails to mention in a campaign speech the similarities in the positions held by her opponent for political office and by herself.
OA & OE
[Reveal] Spoiler:
(A) Th e passage does not suggest that the ethnographers deliberately withheld evidence for personal reasons.
(B) The ethnologists were faulted for other reasons, not for withholding evidence.
(C) Correct. As do the ethnologists, the sports announcer observes and reports, but in neither case is the observer adequately familiar with the subject being observed.
(D) Th e ethnologists did not purposely exclude an item from their studies.
(E) Th e passage does not point to any similarities between the ethnologists and the people they studied.
Th e correct answer is C.


35. According to the passage, collecting life stories can be a useful methodology because
(A) life stories provide deeper insights into a culture than the hypothesizing of academics who are not members of that culture
(B) life stories can be collected easily and they are not subject to invalid interpretations
(C) ethnologists have a limited number of research methods from which to choose
(D) life stories make it easy to distinguish between the important and unimportant features of a culture
(E) the collection of life stories does not require a culturally knowledgeable investigator
OA & OE
[Reveal] Spoiler:
(A) Correct. Because they come from within a culture, the life stories reveal more about the culture than can any of the theories developed by those outside the culture.
(B) Neither the ease nor the diffi culty of gathering the stories is mentioned, but their vulnerability to misinterpretation is discussed in lines 19–28.
(C) Th e passage does not discuss how many research tools are available.
(D) Th e passage states that ethnologists regarded is unimportant some of the events that the people of the stories found signifi cant (lines 33–37).
(E) According to the passage, ethnologists were criticized for not being culturally knowledgeable enough (lines 25–26).
Th e correct answer is A.


36. Information in the passage suggests that which of the following may be a possible way to eliminate bias in the editing of life stories?
(A) Basing all inferences made about the culture on an ethnological theory
(B) Eliminating all of the emotion-laden information reported by the informant
(C) Translating the informant’s words into the researcher’s language
(D) Reducing the number of questions and carefully specifying the content of the questions that the investigator can ask the informant
(E) Reporting all of the information that the informant provides regardless of the investigator’s personal opinion about its intrinsic value
OA & OE
[Reveal] Spoiler:
(A) The passage does not imply that bias results from veering away from a theory.
(B) Investigators are criticized for allowing emotion to tinge their reports (lines 27–28), but informants are not criticized for having emotional material.
(C) Lines 33–35 reveal that translations are not always possible.
(D) Th e passage does not discuss the number and content of questions, so it cannot be inferred that restricting them would eliminate bias.
(E) Correct. Reporting all the information, rather than choosing to report only what appears to the observer to be important, is a possible way to eliminate bias in editing life stories.
Th e correct answer is E.


37. The primary purpose of the passage as a whole is to
(A) question an explanation
(B) correct a misconception
(C) critique a methodology
(D) discredit an idea
(E) clarify an ambiguity
OA & OE
[Reveal] Spoiler:
(A) Collecting life stories is not an explanation; it is a method to gain understanding of a culture.
(B) Th e autobiographies may be misinterpreted, but they are not a misconception.
(C) Correct. Th e passage is about a methodology; both its weaknesses and strengths are examined.
(D) Collecting the stories is not an idea but a method; though its limitations are revealed, the method is not discredited.
(E) The fi nal paragraph implies that ambiguity is inherent in life stories; that ambiguity is not clarified.
Th e correct answer is C.


38. It can be inferred from the passage that a characteristic of the ethnological research on Native Americans conducted during the nineteenth century was the use of which of the following?
(A) Investigators familiar with the culture under study
(B) A language other than the informant’s for recording life stories
(C) Life stories as the ethnologist’s primary source of information
(D) Complete transcriptions of informants’ descriptions of tribal beliefs
(E) Stringent guidelines for the preservation of cultural data
OA & OE
[Reveal] Spoiler:
(A) The investigators were criticized for not being suitably familiar with the culture (lines 25–26).
(B) Correct. Native Americans believed that English could not express their culture; at least some investigators, therefore, must have written the stories down in English.
(C) Ethnologists wanted the stories to supplement their fi eldwork (lines 5–9), not to replace it as their primary means of investigation.
(D) Lines 31–33 reveal that the life stories were edited, not complete.
(E) Th e passage provides no information about such guidelines.
Th e correct answer is B.


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Last edited by WaterFlowsUp on 17 Oct 2013, 04:40, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: 700+ RC lil help? [#permalink] New post 31 Aug 2011, 00:07
man truly was pointless posting my questions in this forum...seems like no one ever answers a question until a year or several months later...lol!!
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Re: 700+ RC lil help? [#permalink] New post 31 Aug 2011, 11:54
1. Which of the following best describes the organization of the passage?
(A) The historical backgrounds of two currently used research methods are chronicled.
(B) The validity of the data collected by using two different research methods is compared.
(C) The usefulness of a research method is questioned and then a new method is proposed.
(D) The use of a research method is described and the limitations of the results obtained are discussed.
(E) A research method is evaluated and the changes necessary for its adaptation to other subject areas are discussed.
2. Which of the following is most similar to the actions of nineteenth-century ethnologists in their editing of the life stories of Native Americans?
(A) A witness in a jury trial invokes the Fifth Amendment in order to avoid relating personally incriminating evidence.
(B) A stockbroker refuses to divulge the source of her information on the possible future increase in a stock’s value.
(C) A sports announcer describes the action in a team sport with which he is unfamiliar.
(D) A chef purposely excludes the special ingredient from the recipe of his prizewinning dessert.
(E) A politician fails to mention in a campaign speech the similarities in the positions held by her opponent for political office and by herself.
3. According to the passage, collecting life stories can be a useful methodology because
(A) life stories provide deeper insights into a culture than the hypothesizing of academics who are not members of that culture
(B) life stories can be collected easily and they are not subject to invalid interpretations
(C) ethnologists have a limited number of research methods from which to choose
(D) life stories make it easy to distinguish between the important and unimportant features of a culture
(E) the collection of life stories does not require a culturally knowledgeable investigator
4. Information in the passage suggests that which of the following may be a possible way to eliminate bias in the editing of life stories?
(A) Basing all inferences made about the culture on an ethnological theory
(B) Eliminating all of the emotion-laden information reported by the informant
(C) Translating the informant’s words into the researcher’s language
(D) Reducing the number of questions and carefully specifying the content of the questions that the investigator can ask the informant
(E) Reporting all of the information that the informant provides regardless of the investigator’s personal opinion about its intrinsic value
5. The primary purpose of the passage as a whole is to
(A) question an explanation
(B) correct a misconception
(C) critique a methodology
(D) discredit an idea
(E) clarify an ambiguity
6. It can be inferred from the passage that a characteristic of the ethnological research on Native Americans conducted during the nineteenth century was the use of which of the following?
(A) Investigators familiar with the culture under study
(B) A language other than the informant’s for recording life stories
(C) Life stories as the ethnologist’s primary source of information
(D) Complete transcriptions of informants’ descriptions of tribal beliefs
(E) Stringent guidelines for the preservation of cultural data
7. The passage mentions which of the following as a factor that can affect the accuracy of ethnologists’ transcriptions of life stories?
(A) The informants’ social standing within the culture
(B) The inclusiveness of the theory that provided the basis for the research
(C) The length of time the researchers spent in the culture under study
(D) The number of life stories collected by the researchers
(E) The verifiability of the information provided by the research informants
8. It can be inferred from the passage that the author would be most likely to agree with which of the following statements about the usefulness of life stories as a source of ethnographic information?
(A) They can be a source of information about how people in a culture view the world.
(B) They are most useful as a source of linguistic information.
(C) They require editing and interpretation before they can be useful.
(D) They are most useful as a source of information about ancestry.
(E) They provide incidental information rather than significant insights into a way of life.

Please discuss Q 2 , 6 and 8
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Test Description_______Date____Total___Quant_____ Verbal
GMAT PREP1_____________________610
GMAX online test 1____29.07.2011__540_____43________19
MGMAT CAT 1_________03.09.2011__580____42________28
MGMAT CAT 2_________02.10.2011__690____48________36
GMAX online test 2_____16.10.2011__640____48________32
MGMAT CAT 3_________23.11.2011__670____47________34
Veritas free CAT______ 31.10.2011___630___ 46________33
MGMAT CAT 4_________06.11.2011__690____48________36
MGMAT CAT 5_________13.11.2011__660____46________34
MGMAT CAT 6_________19.11.2011__680____51________33
GMAT PREP2__________23.11.2011__680
GMAT Exam___________24.11.2011__690____50________34

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Re: 700+ RC lil help? [#permalink] New post 05 Sep 2011, 05:43
For ques 8 ans would be A
reason- see the lst few lines
Despite all of this, autobiography remains a useful
tool for ethnological research: such personal reminis-
(40) cences and impressions, incomplete as they may be, are
likely to throw more light on the working of the mind
and emotions
than any amount of speculation from an
ethnologist or ethnological theorist from another
culture.
Thus , the author believes that autobiographies give how an impression is formed in one's mind, based on his cultural beliefs.

option A) They can be a source of information about how people in a culture view the world.
is nothing but impression of a person (how he views the world)
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Re: 700+ RC lil help? [#permalink] New post 05 Sep 2011, 06:00
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for question (2) option would be C (is it correct ?)
for question (6) option would be C(is it correct ?)
Reason - 2)
The ethnologist acc. to his own perception determines (by comparing it with his culture )what are the imp. points about the life story
(which may fail to drive home the point intended by the informant as he may believe other inf. to be more imp.)

Same is the case with a sports announcer(suppose he is a cricket buff and commenting on tennis); he will judge the more imp. points of the game
by comparing it with cricket (which may lead to disaster!!!)



6)
option A) incorrect -- they were conducting studies earlier also, so mute point (mentioned)
option B) incorrect -- mute point again, they were using their language earlier (what will be the use of study if they use incomprehendable lang??)
option D) incorr. -- they were editing it.
option E) incorr. -- every research(or study) has stringent guidelines to preserve data

this leaves option (C)(it is clearly mentioned that it was a marked shift from theoretical research in the passage)
pls post the OA for all the ques(1-8)
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Re: 700+ RC lil help? [#permalink] New post 22 Sep 2011, 00:40
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C D E E C C A
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Re: 700+ RC lil help? [#permalink] New post 23 Sep 2011, 23:51
racinghorror wrote:
For ques 8 ans would be A
reason- see the lst few lines
Despite all of this, autobiography remains a useful
tool for ethnological research: such personal reminis-
(40) cences and impressions, incomplete as they may be, are
likely to throw more light on the working of the mind
and emotions
than any amount of speculation from an
ethnologist or ethnological theorist from another
culture.
Thus , the author believes that autobiographies give how an impression is formed in one's mind, based on his cultural beliefs.

option A) They can be a source of information about how people in a culture view the world.
is nothing but impression of a person (how he views the world)


Thank You
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Re: 700+ RC lil help? [#permalink] New post 29 Sep 2011, 07:14
the correct answers could be gathered from the official guide review-question 33 onwards

OA for

1 d
2. c
3. a
4. e
5. c
6. b
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Re: 700+ RC lil help? [#permalink] New post 06 Oct 2011, 12:54
1D, 2C, 3A, 4E, 5C, 6C, 7C, 8A
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Re: 700+ RC lil help? [#permalink] New post 11 Oct 2011, 19:12
1D, 2C, 3A, 4E, 5C, 6C, 7C, 8A

same as above

OA please?
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Re: At the end of the nineteenth century, a rising interest in [#permalink] New post 06 Jan 2012, 22:23
OA's are:
1 D
2 C
3 A
4 E
5 C
6 C
7 C
8 E
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Re: At the end of the nineteenth century, a rising interest in [#permalink] New post 20 Jan 2012, 10:04
Can some body please explain to me why the answer to question number 5 is "C"... The second paragraph cote critiques opinions, how ever, the final para opens with the statement Despite all of this, autobiography remains a useful tool for ethnological research . Based on this statement I was thinking that the author is personally in favor of the method, just that he is laying facts by presenting critiques opinions.

Can somebody explain to me where I am going wrong with this
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Re: At the end of the nineteenth century, a rising interest in [#permalink] New post 23 Jan 2012, 04:16
manishgeorge wrote:
Can some body please explain to me why the answer to question number 5 is "C"... The second paragraph cote critiques opinions, how ever, the final para opens with the statement Despite all of this, autobiography remains a useful tool for ethnological research . Based on this statement I was thinking that the author is personally in favor of the method, just that he is laying facts by presenting critiques opinions.

Can somebody explain to me where I am going wrong with this



Hi
Its not necessarry that a critique is always finding faults...
A critique is basically an evaluator(he has to pass a judgement, which the author does in the last para)...hope it helps :)
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Re: At the end of the nineteenth century, a rising interest in [#permalink] New post 23 Mar 2012, 21:49
6. It can be inferred from the passage that a characteristic of the ethnological research on Native Americans conducted during the nineteenth century was the use of which of the following?
(A) Investigators familiar with the culture under study
(B) A language other than the informant’s for recording life stories
(C) Life stories as the ethnologist’s primary source of information
(D) Complete transcriptions of informants’ descriptions of tribal beliefs
(E) Stringent guidelines for the preservation of cultural data

got this one wrong i dont understand why is B preferred over C.
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Re: At the end of the nineteenth century, a rising interest in [#permalink] New post 25 Dec 2013, 08:44
Can some one explain to me what exactly question 6 is asking?

6. It can be inferred from the passage that a characteristic of the ethnological research on Native Americans conducted during the nineteenth century was the use of which of the following?

I read it like 10 times and still can't understand what it is asking.
Re: At the end of the nineteenth century, a rising interest in   [#permalink] 25 Dec 2013, 08:44
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