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Australian embryologists have found evidence that suggests

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Australian embryologists have found evidence that suggests [#permalink] New post 25 Sep 2012, 10:25
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A
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E

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  35% (medium)

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43% (02:06) correct 56% (00:55) wrong based on 140 sessions
Australian embryologists have found evidence that suggests that the elephant is descended from an aquatic animal, and its trunk originally evolved as a kind of snorkel.
A. that suggests that the elephant is descended from an aquatic animal, and its trunk originally evolved
B. that has suggested the elephant descended from an aquatic animal, its trunk originally evolving
C. suggesting that the elephant had descended from an aquatic animal with its trunk originally evolving
D. to suggest that the elephant has descended from an aquatic animal and its trunk originally evolved
E. to suggest that the elephant is descended from an aquatic animal and that its trunk originally evolved
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: Australian embryologists have found evidence that suggests t [#permalink] New post 25 Sep 2012, 12:58
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souvik101990 wrote:
Australian embryologists have found evidence that suggests that the elephant is descended from an aquatic animal, and its trunk originally evolved as a kind of snorkel.
A. that suggests that the elephant is descended from an aquatic animal, and its trunk originally evolved
B. that has suggested the elephant descended from an aquatic animal, its trunk originally evolving
C. suggesting that the elephant had descended from an aquatic animal with its trunk originally evolving
D. to suggest that the elephant has descended from an aquatic animal and its trunk originally evolved
E. to suggest that the elephant is descended from an aquatic animal and that its trunk originally evolved


1) that suggests that the elephant.wordy

2) that has suggested the elephant descended from an aquatic animal, its trunk originally evolving not parallel and suggests as truck is a thing per se

3) suggesting......wrong

4) and 5)

to suggest that the elephant has descended from an aquatic animal and its trunk originally evolved

to suggest that the elephant is descended from an aquatic animal and that its trunk originally evolved........parallel

E) is the answer
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Re: Australian embryologists have found evidence that suggests t [#permalink] New post 25 Sep 2012, 10:27
Expert's post
Concept tested: Parallelism, meaning, usage, style.
Difficulty: High
Illustration: “is descended” and “has/had descended” mean two entirely different things. Has/had descended implies going below (literally or metaphorically).
e.g: I had descended a few steps in the cave.
e.g: I would never want to descend to his level of callousness.
Is descended from implies ancestry. So obviously has/had descended is incorrect.
So, B,C,D are eliminated.
However between A and E, E is marginally better because of two things:
1. That suggests that in A sounds horrible.
2. E maintains “that” parallelism. (however the "second that" in A which apparently seems to be missing is not absolutely essential.)
E is the correct answer
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Re: Australian embryologists have found evidence that suggests t [#permalink] New post 25 Sep 2012, 16:43
I picked C, which is not right. My explanations after analysis are below

SUGGEST/SUGGESTS THAT is an idiom

Australian embryologists have found evidence that suggests that the elephant is descended from an aquatic animal, and its trunk originally evolved as a kind of snorkel.

A. that suggests that the elephant is descended from an aquatic animal, and its trunk originally evolved - that suggests that - not right /wordy
B. that has suggested the elephant descended from an aquatic animal, its trunk originally evolving - SUGGEST THAT idiom is missing
C. suggesting that the elephant had descended from an aquatic animal with its trunk originally evolving - SUGGESTING THAT is not right idiom
D. to suggest that the elephant has descended from an aquatic animal and its trunk originally evolved - its is referring to? also not parallel
E. to suggest that the elephant is descended from an aquatic animal and that its trunk originally evolved - Correct. Subordinate clauses are parallel
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Re: Australian embryologists have found evidence that suggests t [#permalink] New post 25 Sep 2012, 19:26
E is the correct answer. Parallel
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Re: Australian embryologists have found evidence that suggests [#permalink] New post 04 Oct 2012, 04:45
souvik101990 wrote:
Australian embryologists have found evidence that suggests that the elephant is descended from an aquatic animal, and its trunk originally evolved as a kind of snorkel.
A. that suggests that the elephant is descended from an aquatic animal, and its trunk originally evolved
B. that has suggested the elephant descended from an aquatic animal, its trunk originally evolving
C. suggesting that the elephant had descended from an aquatic animal with its trunk originally evolving
D. to suggest that the elephant has descended from an aquatic animal and its trunk originally evolved
E. to suggest that the elephant is descended from an aquatic animal and that its trunk originally evolved


Per the meaning, The sentence states two suggestions of an evidence
1. that the elephant is descended from an aquatic animal.
2. its trunk originally evolved as a kind of snorkel.
both the suggestions can be parallel only when both start with "that".
Issue of II-ism is violated when one of them starts with that and other don't.
In choice A and D, THAT before the second list is missing. Moreover, present perfect( has descended) tense reflects the action/effect wherein the requirement is simple present because we are stating a general fact and not showing an action of descending.
in choice B, after suggested that is required else it would be a meaning issue. So Evidence that has suggested the elephant conveys as if Elephants were suggested by the evidence. Also, its trunk originally..... modifies aquatic animal , an incorrect modification per the meaning listed above.
In choice C, Past perfect (Had) is used, whereas it is used to show sequence of events with a simple past tense. Moreover, with its trunk originally..... modifies aquatic animal , an incorrect modification per the meaning listed above.
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Re: Australian embryologists have found evidence that suggests [#permalink] New post 14 Oct 2012, 03:11
Expert's post
Concept tested: Parallelism, meaning, usage, style.
Difficulty: High
Illustration: “is descended” and “has/had descended” mean two entirely different things. Has/had descended implies going below (literally or metaphorically).
e.g: I had descended a few steps in the cave.
e.g: I would never want to descend to his level of callousness.
Is descended from implies ancestry. So obviously has/had descended is incorrect.
So, B,C,D are eliminated.
However between A and E, E is marginally better because of two things:
1. That suggests that in A sounds horrible.
2. E maintains “that” parallelism. (however the "second that" in A which apparently seems to be missing is not absolutely essential.)
E is the correct answer
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Re: Australian embryologists have found evidence that suggests t [#permalink] New post 21 Jan 2013, 05:34
souvik101990 wrote:
Concept tested: Parallelism, meaning, usage, style.
Difficulty: High
Illustration: “is descended” and “has/had descended” mean two entirely different things. Has/had descended implies going below (literally or metaphorically).
e.g: I had descended a few steps in the cave.
e.g: I would never want to descend to his level of callousness.
Is descended from implies ancestry. So obviously has/had descended is incorrect.
So, B,C,D are eliminated.
However between A and E, E is marginally better because of two things:
1. That suggests that in A sounds horrible.
2. E maintains “that” parallelism. (however the "second that" in A which apparently seems to be missing is not absolutely essential.)
E is the correct answer


Hi Souvik,

I think there is a typo in option A.

A. that suggests that the elephant is descended from an aquatic animal, and its trunk originally (evolved)- It should be evolving as per OG 12

Regards,
Fame

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Re: Australian embryologists have found evidence that suggests [#permalink] New post 21 Jan 2013, 06:16
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Re: Australian embryologists have found evidence that suggests t [#permalink] New post 21 Jan 2013, 09:36
That question becomes a lot easier if answer a ends with 'evolving'


fameatop wrote:
souvik101990 wrote:
Concept tested: Parallelism, meaning, usage, style.
Difficulty: High
Illustration: “is descended” and “has/had descended” mean two entirely different things. Has/had descended implies going below (literally or metaphorically).
e.g: I had descended a few steps in the cave.
e.g: I would never want to descend to his level of callousness.
Is descended from implies ancestry. So obviously has/had descended is incorrect.
So, B,C,D are eliminated.
However between A and E, E is marginally better because of two things:
1. That suggests that in A sounds horrible.
2. E maintains “that” parallelism. (however the "second that" in A which apparently seems to be missing is not absolutely essential.)
E is the correct answer


Hi Souvik,

I think there is a typo in option A.

A. that suggests that the elephant is descended from an aquatic animal, and its trunk originally (evolved)- It should be evolving as per OG 12

Regards,
Fame
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Re: Australian embryologists have found evidence that suggests [#permalink] New post 06 Feb 2013, 08:36
"suggest" without "that" can be acceptable

the only reason which makes B in correct is that "be descended from" is different from "descend"

this is very hard question which test
- meaning difference between "be descended from" and "descend" (testing this point is makes it hard for non native)
- had done
Re: Australian embryologists have found evidence that suggests   [#permalink] 06 Feb 2013, 08:36
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