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# Australian embryologists have found evidence that suggests

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Senior Manager
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19 Dec 2007, 12:07
Australian embryologists have found evidence that suggests that the elephant is descended from an aquatic animal, and its trunk originally evolved as a kind of snorkel.

(a)..
(b) that has suggested the elephant descended from an aquatic animal, its trunk originally evolving
(c)suggesting that the elephant had descended from an aquatic animal with its trunk originally evolving
(d) to suggest that the elephant had descended from an aquatic animal and its trunk originally evolving
(e) to suggest that the elephant is descended from an aquatic animal and that its trunk originally evolved

A. wrong, creates two sentences but the second sentence "its trunk originally..." has no link to the "evidence that suggests".
B. run on sentence...needs
C. wrong, tense should be 'has descended' or 'descended'
D. wrong, same reason as C
E. correct
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Re: SC - Australian embryologists [#permalink]

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19 Dec 2007, 12:08
[quote="gregspirited"]Australian embryologists have found evidence that suggests that the elephant is descended from an aquatic animal, and its trunk originally evolved as a kind of snorkel.

(a)..
(b) that has suggested the elephant descended from an aquatic animal, its trunk originally evolving
(c)suggesting that the elephant had descended from an aquatic animal with its trunk originally evolving
(d) to suggest that the elephant had descended from an aquatic animal and its trunk originally evolving
(e) to suggest that the elephant is descended from an aquatic animal and that its trunk originally evolved

The answer could be E. The evidence is used by scientists to suggest that...and that...Its' parallel
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Re: SC - Australian embryologists [#permalink]

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20 Dec 2007, 23:46
gregspirited wrote:
Australian embryologists have found evidence that suggests that the elephant is descended from an aquatic animal, and its trunk originally evolved as a kind of snorkel.

(a)..
(b) that has suggested the elephant descended from an aquatic animal, its trunk originally evolving
(c)suggesting that the elephant had descended from an aquatic animal with its trunk originally evolving
(d) to suggest that the elephant had descended from an aquatic animal and its trunk originally evolving
(e) to suggest that the elephant is descended from an aquatic animal and that its trunk originally evolved

Seems to be E. Although i wasnt convinced at first it was the immediate answer. Looking back can see that "had" in C and D is wordy and not needed. A is out b/c lack of ||ism as is B.
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Re: SC - Australian embryologists [#permalink]

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22 Dec 2007, 20:41
gregspirited wrote:
Australian embryologists have found evidence that suggests that the elephant is descended from an aquatic animal, and its trunk originally evolved as a kind of snorkel.

(a)..
(b) that has suggested the elephant descended from an aquatic animal, its trunk originally evolving
(c)suggesting that the elephant had descended from an aquatic animal with its trunk originally evolving
(d) to suggest that the elephant had descended from an aquatic animal and its trunk originally evolving
(e) to suggest that the elephant is descended from an aquatic animal and that its trunk originally evolved

I think it's E. you should also underline that suggests in your post.
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16 Jun 2008, 02:50
Australian embryologists have found evidence that suggests that the elephant is descended from an aquatic animal, and its trunk originally evolved as a kind of snorkel.

(A) that suggests that the elephant is descended from an aquatic animal, and its trunk originally evolved
(B) that has suggested the elephant descended from an aquatic animal, its trunk originally evolving
(C) suggesting that the elephant had descended from an aquatic animal with its trunk originally evolving
(D) to suggest that the elephant has descended from an aquatic animal and its trunk originally evolved
(E) to suggest that the elephant is descended from an aquatic animal and that its trunk originally evolved
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16 Jun 2008, 06:36
C, had descended..with its trunk..looks better option
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16 Jun 2008, 07:04
(A) that suggests that the elephant is descended from an aquatic animal, and its trunk originally evolved
awkward, redundant use of wrods

(B) that has suggested the elephant descended from an aquatic animal, its trunk originally evolving
Incorrect tense, not parallel

(C) suggesting that the elephant had descended from an aquatic animal with its trunk originally evolving
Incorrect tense

(D) to suggest that the elephant has descended from an aquatic animal and its trunk originally evolved
Not parallel, should use that its trunk....

(E) to suggest that the elephant is descended from an aquatic animal and that its trunk originally evolved
correct
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16 Jun 2008, 10:57
sondenso wrote:
Australian embryologists have found evidence that suggests that the elephant is descended from an aquatic animal, and its trunk originally evolved as a kind of snorkel.

(A) that suggests that the elephant is descended from an aquatic animal, and its trunk originally evolved
(B) that has suggested the elephant descended from an aquatic animal, its trunk originally evolving
(C) suggesting that the elephant had descended from an aquatic animal with its trunk originally evolving
(D) to suggest that the elephant has descended from an aquatic animal and its trunk originally evolved
(E) to suggest that the elephant is descended from an aquatic animal and that its trunk originally evolved

(E) for me, eventhough I would've preferred it begin with "that suggests" rather than "to suggest"
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16 Jun 2008, 11:11
If "E" can be correct then whats the problem with "A" ?
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16 Jun 2008, 11:12
OA appears to be E.

Found it in a document here (#151):

http://home.tinp.net.tw/mypage/00017269 ... 0notes.doc

This document doesn't provide an explanation, but it is pretty clear E is marked as correct. Sorry there isn't any quality assurance with this as I don't know where this person obtained the answers.
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16 Jun 2008, 12:09
In E -> "Elephant IS descended" right usage?

Elephant has descended sounds better, what do you say?
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16 Jun 2008, 13:26
maulikmajithia wrote:
If "E" can be correct then whats the problem with "A" ?

"A. that suggests that the elephant is descended from an aquatic animal, and its trunk originally evolved"

It's not parallel:
This statement is of the form "suggests that X is ..., and Y is ..."
Here Y sounds like a true statement, as opposed to something the evidence suggests

The form "suggests that X is ... and that Y is ..." is clearer
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16 Jun 2008, 14:01
I am also for E.
A, B and D suffer pronoun error, no clear referant for Its.
Between C and E,
C says originally trunk evolving...I prefer originally trunk evolved so E.
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16 Jun 2008, 18:19
I never thought that E is OA, but indeed OA is E! So tricky GmatPrep!
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16 Jun 2008, 18:29
I think D should be correct as the 2nd ""that" is implied and not required for parallelism. Also, can some one throw some light on the following usages -
1. elephant has descended
2. elephant is descended

IMO in this case usage 1 is more appropriate than the 2.
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16 Jun 2008, 19:07
aviator83 wrote:
I think D should be correct as the 2nd ""that" is implied and not required for parallelism.

IMO in this case usage 1 is more appropriate than the 2.[/quote]

Try these:
John thinks that the earth is flat, and you are crazy.
John thinks that the earth is flat, and that you are crazy.

See a distinction?

aviator83 wrote:
Also, can some one throw some light on the following usages -
1. elephant has descended
2. elephant is descended

"Is descended" is not incorrect. I'm not all that familiar with the whole past participle / present participle nomenclature, but I'm trying to think of some examples; here's a potential one:
1. The enemy has defeated
2. The enemy is defeated
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16 Jun 2008, 19:37
[/quote]

"Is descended" is not incorrect. I'm not all that familiar with the whole past participle / present participle nomenclature, but I'm trying to think of some examples; here's a potential one:
1. The enemy has defeated
2. The enemy is defeated[/quote]

I guess the right examples should be :

1. the enemy has come
2. the enemy is came.

2nd is not right.
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16 Jun 2008, 20:41
sanjay_gmat wrote:

I guess the right examples should be :

1. the enemy has come
2. the enemy is came.

2nd is not right.

I understand you're trying to draw an analogy between "descended" and "come", but I've used that specific example to show that verbs of the form "is <verb ending in ed>" are acceptable. Ideally, the first sentence would be "The enemy has been defeated" (which is the same as "the enemy is defeated"), but I think you may have missed my point regarding the second one.
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16 Jun 2008, 21:13
incognito1 wrote:
sanjay_gmat wrote:

I guess the right examples should be :

1. the enemy has come
2. the enemy is came.

2nd is not right.

I understand you're trying to draw an analogy between "descended" and "come", but I've used that specific example to show that verbs of the form "is <verb ending in ed>" are acceptable. Ideally, the first sentence would be "The enemy has been defeated" (which is the same as "the enemy is defeated"), but I think you may have missed my point regarding the second one.

There is a subtle difference. In "enemy is defeated", you are assuming an object -- someone who defeated the enemy. Here it's not the case. "elephant is descended" and "enemy is came" are parallel and wrong.
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17 Jun 2008, 09:02
incognito1 wrote:
aviator83 wrote:
I think D should be correct as the 2nd ""that" is implied and not required for parallelism.

IMO in this case usage 1 is more appropriate than the 2.

Try these:
John thinks that the earth is flat, and you are crazy.
John thinks that the earth is flat, and that you are crazy.

See a distinction?

aviator83 wrote:
Also, can some one throw some light on the following usages -
1. elephant has descended
2. elephant is descended

"Is descended" is not incorrect. I'm not all that familiar with the whole past participle / present participle nomenclature, but I'm trying to think of some examples; here's a potential one:
1. The enemy has defeated
2. The enemy is defeated[/quote]

thanks incognito and sanjay..for explaining through examples..it sure helps!
1. I don't understand the reason why a comma is required before the "and" conjunction in this case.
2. As I understand the subtle difference in meaning that you are trying point out is explained below - Pls. correct me if iam wrong -
in the first usage the clause following "and" (i.e.you are crazy)seems unrelated to the main clause that is "John thinks that the earth is flat".
whereas,in the second usage the repetition of "that" establishes a relation between the 2 clauses and therefore makes the sentence clear.

1. John thinks that the earth is flat, and you are crazy.
2. John thinks that the earth is flat, and that you are crazy.

Also, the usage example provided by sanjay seems more appropriate because it replicates the scenario in the sentence.
Incognito, buddy could you explain it a little more in clearer terms as i still feel the usage- "the elephant has descended" is better than "elephant is descended".
thanks. +1 to both of you.
Re: SC.Prep. Australian   [#permalink] 17 Jun 2008, 09:02

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