Australian embryologists have found evidence that suggests : GMAT Sentence Correction (SC)
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# Australian embryologists have found evidence that suggests

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Director
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Australian embryologists have found evidence that suggests [#permalink]

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26 Nov 2007, 07:30
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Australian embryologists have found evidence that suggests that the elephant is descended from an aquatic animal, and its trunk originally evolved as a kind of snorkel.

(a)that suggests that the elephant is descended from an aquatic animal, and its trunk originally evolved
(b) that has suggested the elephant descended from an aquatic animal, its trunk originally evolving
(c)suggesting that the elephant had descended from an aquatic animal with its trunk originally evolving
(d) to suggest that the elephant had descended from an aquatic animal and its trunk originally evolving
(e) to suggest that the elephant is descended from an aquatic animal and that its trunk originally evolved

Amar
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
If you have any questions
New!
Director
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26 Nov 2007, 07:33
Amar, could you please provide option (A) or underline the SC? Thanks.
Director
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26 Nov 2007, 08:07
Amardeep Sharma wrote:
Australian embryologists have found evidence that suggests that the elephant is descended from an aquatic animal, and its trunk originally evolved as a kind of snorkel.

(a)..
(b) that has suggested the elephant descended from an aquatic animal, its trunk originally evolving
'suggested that the elephant' is correct. 'suggested the elephant' is wrong.

(c)suggesting that the elephant had descended from an aquatic animal with its trunk originally evolving
'had' is used to describe a past action that took place before another past action. No such need here.

(d) to suggest that the elephant had descended from an aquatic animal and its trunk originally evolving
same as C

(e) to suggest that the elephant is descended from an aquatic animal and that its trunk originally evolved
I believe that ' evidence that suggests' is better than 'evidence to suggest'

Amar

I'm assuming the above is underlined.

I pick A as the answer.
Manager
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26 Nov 2007, 08:10
I think the original is fine.

(b) that has suggested the elephant descended from an aquatic animal, its trunk originally evolving
"has suggested" is an inappropriate tense

(c)suggesting that the elephant had descended from an aquatic animal with its trunk originally evolving
"had descended" is an inappropriate tense

(d) to suggest that the elephant had descended from an aquatic animal and its trunk originally evolving
"evolving" is not parallel to "had descended from"

(e) to suggest that the elephant is descended from an aquatic animal and that its trunk originally evolved
hmm - the only difference with A is "that suggests" vs "to suggest". I think that "that suggests" is better but I'm not quite sure why.
Director
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26 Nov 2007, 16:15
GK_Gmat wrote:
Amardeep Sharma wrote:
Australian embryologists have found evidence that suggests that the elephant is descended from an aquatic animal, and its trunk originally evolved as a kind of snorkel.

(a)..
(b) that has suggested the elephant descended from an aquatic animal, its trunk originally evolving
'suggested that the elephant' is correct. 'suggested the elephant' is wrong.

(c)suggesting that the elephant had descended from an aquatic animal with its trunk originally evolving
'had' is used to describe a past action that took place before another past action. No such need here.

(d) to suggest that the elephant had descended from an aquatic animal and its trunk originally evolving
same as C

(e) to suggest that the elephant is descended from an aquatic animal and that its trunk originally evolved
I believe that ' evidence that suggests' is better than 'evidence to suggest'

Amar

I'm assuming the above is underlined.

I pick A as the answer.

Sorry for not underlining... it is as suggested by GK_GMAT, however, OA is E... even I chose A.

Can someone explain why OA is E

Amar
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26 Nov 2007, 16:24
Amardeep Sharma wrote:
GK_Gmat wrote:
Amardeep Sharma wrote:
Australian embryologists have found evidence that suggests that the elephant is descended from an aquatic animal, and its trunk originally evolved as a kind of snorkel.

(a)..
(b) that has suggested the elephant descended from an aquatic animal, its trunk originally evolving
'suggested that the elephant' is correct. 'suggested the elephant' is wrong.

(c)suggesting that the elephant had descended from an aquatic animal with its trunk originally evolving
'had' is used to describe a past action that took place before another past action. No such need here.

(d) to suggest that the elephant had descended from an aquatic animal and its trunk originally evolving
same as C

(e) to suggest that the elephant is descended from an aquatic animal and that its trunk originally evolved
I believe that ' evidence that suggests' is better than 'evidence to suggest'

Amar

I'm assuming the above is underlined.

I pick A as the answer.

Sorry for not underlining... it is as suggested by GK_GMAT, however, OA is E... even I chose A.

Can someone explain why OA is E

Amar

yah E is the most logical and paralleded.
present tense is used to mean "elephant was and is decendent from x.
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27 Nov 2007, 04:02
Amardeep Sharma wrote:
Australian embryologists have found evidence that suggests that the elephant is descended from an aquatic animal, and its trunk originally evolved as a kind of snorkel.

(a)..
(b) that has suggested the elephant descended from an aquatic animal, its trunk originally evolving
(c)suggesting that the elephant had descended from an aquatic animal with its trunk originally evolving
(d) to suggest that the elephant had descended from an aquatic animal and its trunk originally evolving
(e) to suggest that the elephant is descended from an aquatic animal and that its trunk originally evolved

Amar

Went for A.

dont like the word "evolving" in option B, C and D.
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27 Nov 2007, 05:16
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Amardeep Sharma wrote:
Australian embryologists have found evidence that suggests that the elephant is descended from an aquatic animal, and its trunk originally evolved as a kind of snorkel.

(a)..
(b) that has suggested the elephant descended from an aquatic animal, its trunk originally evolving
(c)suggesting that the elephant had descended from an aquatic animal with its trunk originally evolving
(d) to suggest that the elephant had descended from an aquatic animal and its trunk originally evolving
(e) to suggest that the elephant is descended from an aquatic animal and that its trunk originally evolved
Amar

(A) and its trunk -Dangling modifier. Not sure if it modifies aquatic animal or elephant
(B) has suggested the elephant - Bad Phrasing
(C) had descened ....evolving - tense mis-match
(D) it carries the same error as 'C' & 'A'

(E) Emphasizes a fact , a hypothesis therefore usage of 'is' allowed...
descended ....evolved is parallel
Manager
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SC - Australian embryologists [Merged] [#permalink]

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19 Dec 2007, 10:02
Australian embryologists have found evidence that suggests that the elephant is descended from an aquatic animal, and its trunk originally evolved as a kind of snorkel.

(a)..
(b) that has suggested the elephant descended from an aquatic animal, its trunk originally evolving
(c)suggesting that the elephant had descended from an aquatic animal with its trunk originally evolving
(d) to suggest that the elephant had descended from an aquatic animal and its trunk originally evolving
(e) to suggest that the elephant is descended from an aquatic animal and that its trunk originally evolved
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--gregspirited

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19 Dec 2007, 11:07
Australian embryologists have found evidence that suggests that the elephant is descended from an aquatic animal, and its trunk originally evolved as a kind of snorkel.

(a)..
(b) that has suggested the elephant descended from an aquatic animal, its trunk originally evolving
(c)suggesting that the elephant had descended from an aquatic animal with its trunk originally evolving
(d) to suggest that the elephant had descended from an aquatic animal and its trunk originally evolving
(e) to suggest that the elephant is descended from an aquatic animal and that its trunk originally evolved

A. wrong, creates two sentences but the second sentence "its trunk originally..." has no link to the "evidence that suggests".
B. run on sentence...needs
C. wrong, tense should be 'has descended' or 'descended'
D. wrong, same reason as C
E. correct
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Re: SC - Australian embryologists [#permalink]

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19 Dec 2007, 11:08
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[quote="gregspirited"]Australian embryologists have found evidence that suggests that the elephant is descended from an aquatic animal, and its trunk originally evolved as a kind of snorkel.

(a)..
(b) that has suggested the elephant descended from an aquatic animal, its trunk originally evolving
(c)suggesting that the elephant had descended from an aquatic animal with its trunk originally evolving
(d) to suggest that the elephant had descended from an aquatic animal and its trunk originally evolving
(e) to suggest that the elephant is descended from an aquatic animal and that its trunk originally evolved

The answer could be E. The evidence is used by scientists to suggest that...and that...Its' parallel
CEO
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Re: SC - Australian embryologists [#permalink]

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20 Dec 2007, 22:46
gregspirited wrote:
Australian embryologists have found evidence that suggests that the elephant is descended from an aquatic animal, and its trunk originally evolved as a kind of snorkel.

(a)..
(b) that has suggested the elephant descended from an aquatic animal, its trunk originally evolving
(c)suggesting that the elephant had descended from an aquatic animal with its trunk originally evolving
(d) to suggest that the elephant had descended from an aquatic animal and its trunk originally evolving
(e) to suggest that the elephant is descended from an aquatic animal and that its trunk originally evolved

Seems to be E. Although i wasnt convinced at first it was the immediate answer. Looking back can see that "had" in C and D is wordy and not needed. A is out b/c lack of ||ism as is B.
Director
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Re: SC - Australian embryologists [#permalink]

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22 Dec 2007, 19:41
gregspirited wrote:
Australian embryologists have found evidence that suggests that the elephant is descended from an aquatic animal, and its trunk originally evolved as a kind of snorkel.

(a)..
(b) that has suggested the elephant descended from an aquatic animal, its trunk originally evolving
(c)suggesting that the elephant had descended from an aquatic animal with its trunk originally evolving
(d) to suggest that the elephant had descended from an aquatic animal and its trunk originally evolving
(e) to suggest that the elephant is descended from an aquatic animal and that its trunk originally evolved

I think it's E. you should also underline that suggests in your post.
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16 Jun 2008, 01:50
Australian embryologists have found evidence that suggests that the elephant is descended from an aquatic animal, and its trunk originally evolved as a kind of snorkel.

(A) that suggests that the elephant is descended from an aquatic animal, and its trunk originally evolved
(B) that has suggested the elephant descended from an aquatic animal, its trunk originally evolving
(C) suggesting that the elephant had descended from an aquatic animal with its trunk originally evolving
(D) to suggest that the elephant has descended from an aquatic animal and its trunk originally evolved
(E) to suggest that the elephant is descended from an aquatic animal and that its trunk originally evolved
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16 Jun 2008, 05:18
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sondenso wrote:
Australian embryologists have found evidence that suggests that the elephant is descended from an aquatic animal, and its trunk originally evolved as a kind of snorkel.

(A) that suggests that the elephant is descended from an aquatic animal, and its trunk originally evolved
(B) that has suggested the elephant descended from an aquatic animal, its trunk originally evolving
(C) suggesting that the elephant had descended from an aquatic animal with its trunk originally evolving
(D) to suggest that the elephant has descended from an aquatic animal and its trunk originally evolved
(E) to suggest that the elephant is descended from an aquatic animal and that its trunk originally evolved

It's a tough one between C and D.

Since elephant is a living species, I believe we need to use "has" not "had". Also I believe that the "evidence to suggest" is not the right usage. It should either be "evidence that suggests" or "evidence suggesting".

C should be it.

Guys, could you not write just your answer? It doesn't help much in the discussion if one doesn't provide some sort of an explanation for choosing a particular answer. Let's make this discussion worthwhile to everyone.
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16 Jun 2008, 05:36
C, had descended..with its trunk..looks better option
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16 Jun 2008, 06:04
(A) that suggests that the elephant is descended from an aquatic animal, and its trunk originally evolved
awkward, redundant use of wrods

(B) that has suggested the elephant descended from an aquatic animal, its trunk originally evolving
Incorrect tense, not parallel

(C) suggesting that the elephant had descended from an aquatic animal with its trunk originally evolving
Incorrect tense

(D) to suggest that the elephant has descended from an aquatic animal and its trunk originally evolved
Not parallel, should use that its trunk....

(E) to suggest that the elephant is descended from an aquatic animal and that its trunk originally evolved
correct
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16 Jun 2008, 09:57
sondenso wrote:
Australian embryologists have found evidence that suggests that the elephant is descended from an aquatic animal, and its trunk originally evolved as a kind of snorkel.

(A) that suggests that the elephant is descended from an aquatic animal, and its trunk originally evolved
(B) that has suggested the elephant descended from an aquatic animal, its trunk originally evolving
(C) suggesting that the elephant had descended from an aquatic animal with its trunk originally evolving
(D) to suggest that the elephant has descended from an aquatic animal and its trunk originally evolved
(E) to suggest that the elephant is descended from an aquatic animal and that its trunk originally evolved

(E) for me, eventhough I would've preferred it begin with "that suggests" rather than "to suggest"
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16 Jun 2008, 10:11
If "E" can be correct then whats the problem with "A" ?
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16 Jun 2008, 10:12
OA appears to be E.

Found it in a document here (#151):

http://home.tinp.net.tw/mypage/00017269 ... 0notes.doc

This document doesn't provide an explanation, but it is pretty clear E is marked as correct. Sorry there isn't any quality assurance with this as I don't know where this person obtained the answers.
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Re: SC.Prep. Australian   [#permalink] 16 Jun 2008, 10:12

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