Australian embryologists have found evidence that suggests : GMAT Sentence Correction (SC)
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# Australian embryologists have found evidence that suggests

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Australian embryologists have found evidence that suggests [#permalink]

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04 Jun 2010, 18:36
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Australian embryologists have found evidence that suggests that the elephant is descended from an aquatic animal. and its trunk originally evolving as a kind of snorkel.

(A) that suggests that the elephant is descended from an aquatic animal, and its trunk originally evolving
(B) that has suggested the elephant descended from an aquatic animal, its trunk originally evolving
(C) suggesting that the elephant had descended from an aquatic animal with its trunk originally evolved
(D) to suggest that the elephant had descended from an aquatic animal and its trunk originally evolved
(E) to suggest that the elephant is descended from an aquatic animal and that its trunk originally evolved

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Re: This one doesn't sound correct.........don't get it [#permalink]

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05 Jun 2010, 21:18
This is quite confusing.
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Re: This one doesn't sound correct.........don't get it [#permalink]

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05 Jun 2010, 22:03
A it is. clear and precise.

evidence that.

So between A and B

(B) that has suggested the elephant descended from an aquatic animal, its trunk originally evolving

Past tense "descended" doesn't go with the continuous "evolving". OUT
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Re: This one doesn't sound correct.........don't get it [#permalink]

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05 Jun 2010, 22:43
This one was tricky.

Sorry its E.

Observations -
1. I see "evidence that" is broken here. But that's not what the question is checking. I should be able to connect the underlined part with the rest of the sentence.

2. The SC is checking for that || ism

Australian embryologists have found evidence that suggests that the elephant is descended from an aquatic animal. and its trunk originally evolving as a kind of snorkel.

(A) that suggests that the elephant is descended from an aquatic animal, and its trunk originally evolving >>> descended and evolving are awkward. OUT

(B) that has suggested the elephant descended from an aquatic animal, its trunk originally evolving

same as A. OUT

(C) suggesting that the elephant had descended from an aquatic animal with its trunk originally evolved

this means that elephant descended before its trunk evolved. OUT

(D) to suggest that the elephant had descended from an aquatic animal and its trunk originally evolved

same as D. OUT

(E) to suggest that the elephant is descended from an aquatic animal and that its trunk originally evolved

This means that elephant descended from aquatic animal and its trunk originally evolved as a kind of snorkel. this looks alright. Especially its not doing any sequencing between the two past events

evidence...... that and that ..... -----> that || ism
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Re: This one doesn't sound correct.........don't get it [#permalink]

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14 Jun 2010, 06:18
E as it is parallel.

What is the OA?
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Re: This one doesn't sound correct.........don't get it [#permalink]

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14 Jun 2010, 07:26
OA is E.

||isms 'that descended....that evolved'

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Re: This one doesn't sound correct.........don't get it [#permalink]

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05 Jan 2011, 10:14
papillon86 wrote:
OA is E.

||isms 'that descended....that evolved'

Thanks

A also seems || to me:

evidence that suggests that X, and (that) Y.

The second (that) is implicit and therefore not strictly necessary.

Thoughts on that?
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Re: This one doesn't sound correct.........don't get it [#permalink]

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05 Jan 2011, 20:12
you can't omit a relative pronoun.
you can omit a modal (have, has...) because it gets carried over after AND.
you can omit prepositions (to, of ...)
but not a relative pronoun(that, which, who, ...)
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Re: This one doesn't sound correct.........don't get it [#permalink]

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05 Jan 2011, 20:23
papillon86 wrote:
Australian embryologists have found evidence that suggests that the elephant is descended from an aquatic animal. and its trunk originally evolving as a kind of snorkel.

(A) that suggests that the elephant is descended from an aquatic animal, and its trunk originally evolving
(B) that has suggested the elephant descended from an aquatic animal, its trunk originally evolving
(C) suggesting that the elephant had descended from an aquatic animal with its trunk originally evolved
(D) to suggest that the elephant had descended from an aquatic animal and its trunk originally evolved
(E) to suggest that the elephant is descended from an aquatic animal and that its trunk originally evolved

Thanks

In the original sentence, the "and its trunk" after the comma is unclear. It can refer to either the elephant, or the aquatic animal => incorrect. To correct this, this needs to change to "and that its trunk" without a comma. Looking at the questions, the only option of the 4 remaining options to finish like this was E.

An alternative way of looking at it is is thru idioms. The proper idiom is "found to suggest", as opposed to "found evidence that suggests". This leaves you with D & E after doing a split. Since "and its trunk" is unclear in D (it can refer to either the elephant or the other animal) - this leaves E.
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Re: This one doesn't sound correct.........don't get it [#permalink]

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06 Jan 2011, 02:49
elevinty wrote:
you can't omit a relative pronoun.
you can omit a modal (have, has...) because it gets carried over after AND.
you can omit prepositions (to, of ...)
but not a relative pronoun(that, which, who, ...)

ok, thanks, that helped.

However, other issue with A is "evolving".
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Re: Australian embryologists have found evidence that suggests [#permalink]

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20 Sep 2012, 20:31
"is descended from" is an idiomatic expression. it means "descended" in the sense of EVOLUTIONARY ANCESTRY.
this is the only sense in which you can use this idiom.

"had descended" / "has descended" (i.e., normal past perfect / present perfect) is incorrect in this sense, as it implies literal downward motion.
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Re: Australian embryologists have found evidence that suggests   [#permalink] 20 Sep 2012, 20:31
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