Auto industry executive: Statistics show that cars that were : GMAT Critical Reasoning (CR)
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# Auto industry executive: Statistics show that cars that were

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Auto industry executive: Statistics show that cars that were [#permalink]

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04 Dec 2008, 05:14
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Auto industry executive: Statistics show that cars that were built smaller after 1977 to make them more fuel-efficient had a higher incidence of accident-related fatalities than did their earlier larger counterparts. For this reason we oppose recent guidelines that would require us to produce cars with higher fuel efficiency.
Which of the following, if true, would constitute the strongest objection to the executives argument?

A. Even after 1977, large automobiles were frequently involved in accidents that caused death or serious injury.

B. Although fatalities in accidents involving small cars have increased since 1977, the number of accidents has decreased.

C. New computerized fuel systems can enable large cars to meet fuel efficiency standards established by the recent guidelines.

D. Modern technology can make small cars more fuel-efficient today than at any other time in their production history.

E. Fuel efficiency in models of large cars rose immediately after 1977 but has been declining ever since.
If you have any questions
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04 Dec 2008, 07:22
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Nihit wrote:
Auto industry executive: Statistics show that cars that were built smaller after 1977 to make them more fuel-efficient had a higher incidence of accident-related fatalities than did their earlier larger counterparts. For this reason we oppose recent guidelines that would require us to produce cars with higher fuel efficiency.
Which of the following, if true, would constitute the strongest objection to the executives argument?

A. Even after 1977, large automobiles were frequently involved in accidents that caused death or serious injury.

B. Although fatalities in accidents involving small cars have increased since 1977, the number of accidents has decreased.

C. New computerized fuel systems can enable large cars to meet fuel efficiency standards established by the recent guidelines.

D. Modern technology can make small cars more fuel-efficient today than at any other time in their production history.

E. Fuel efficiency in models of large cars rose immediately after 1977 but has been declining ever since.

IMO C

Argument: we oppose recent guidelines that would require us to produce cars with higher fuel efficiency

Premise:

Auto industry executive: Statistics show that cars that were built smaller after 1977 to make them more fuel-efficient had a higher incidence of accident-related fatalities than did their earlier larger counterparts

Why do the executive oppose the guideliness? Guidelines require cars with high effeciency and for this card have to be made small

( Small car-higher effeciency)

Weaken argument:

We have to show that somehow effeciency can be achieved without making cars small

C clearly does it.

New tech system can help even large cars to be fuel effecient and hence adhere the guideliness

A, B-dont talk at all about effecieny..Omit

E-weakens to some extent..but not as much as C
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04 Dec 2008, 08:15
I think C.
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04 Dec 2008, 08:54
Yup I agree with C, however I was thinking abt A or B, but the qrgument talks abt fuel efficiency and not abt accidents or injuries
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07 May 2011, 12:54
i too think C is the right answer, We have to show that somehow efficiency can be achieved without making cars small

C clearly does it.

but there is one doubt , there is an assumption here that the small size of the car is the cause of more accidents , i think there is a correlation , but not a cause and effect relationship
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07 May 2011, 12:56
C brings a new factor that has nothing to do with the weight issue that could resolve the problem. so making the aout maker urgument useless.
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07 May 2011, 13:09
garimavyas wrote:
i too think C is the right answer, We have to show that somehow efficiency can be achieved without making cars small

C clearly does it.

but there is one doubt , there is an assumption here that the small size of the car is the cause of more accidents , i think there is a correlation , but not a cause and effect relationship

Focal point is rejection of guidelines to make fuel efficient cars.
C shows a way with which even large cars can be more fuel efficient.

Premise - had a higher incidence of accident-related fatalities than did their earlier larger counterparts.

fatalities are more,not the number of accidents. Hence to reduce this, large cars are a must. Its indeed a co relation though.
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08 May 2011, 05:13
whether fatalities or accident , the point of the assumption is that the cause is small size of the car, but that has not been proved,

the best answer is based on the logic, 'remove the cause and the effect ceases',which can not be applied here.
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09 May 2011, 00:12
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+1 C

B doesn't solve the problem related to fatalities.
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Re: Auto industry executive: Statistics show that cars that were [#permalink]

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28 Aug 2015, 05:29
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Auto industry executive: Statistics show that cars that were [#permalink]

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10 Nov 2016, 10:56
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auto executive has one deep pre-assumption in his mind that small car is the only way to make a fuel efficient car.

ok it is true that small cars are more accident prone than bigger cars- it is the premise, so we are not attacking it
but what about big cars can also be made more fuel efficient - choice c does that

Conclusion is -

For this reason we oppose recent guidelines that would require us to produce cars with higher fuel efficiency.

it is a scope shift example in CR

recent guidlines just says to produce higher fuel efficient cars, it is the auto exec preassumption that there is only one way to achieve it by producing small cars
Auto industry executive: Statistics show that cars that were   [#permalink] 10 Nov 2016, 10:56
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