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Automobile Dealers Advertisement: The Highway Traffic

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Automobile Dealers Advertisement: The Highway Traffic [#permalink]

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A
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Official Guide for GMAT Verbal Review, 2nd Edition

Practice Question
Question No.: 24
Page: 124
Difficulty:


Automobile Dealer's Advertisement:

The Highway Traffic Safety Institute reports that the PZ 1000 has the fewest injuries per accident of any car in its class. This shows that the PZ 1000 is one of the safest cars available today.

Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the argument in the advertisement?

(A) The Highway Traffic Safety Institute report listed many cars in other classes that had more injuries per accident than did the PZ 1000.
(B) In recently years many more PZ 1000s have been sold than have any other kind of car in its class.
(C) Cars in the class to which the PZ 1000 belongs are more likely to be involved in accidents than are other types of cars.
(D) The difference between the number of injuries per accident for the PZ 1000 and that for other cars in its class is quite pronounced.
(E) The Highway Traffic Safety Institute issues reports only once a year.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by Narenn on 16 Oct 2013, 07:30, edited 1 time in total.
Necessary Corrections for Official Guide Verbal Review 2nd Edition Project
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I'll go with C. My reasoning:

If C is correct then PZ 1000 is more likely to be involved in an accident than a car from another class. And although the number of injuries per accident for PZ 1000 is low, the percentage of accidents it is involved in is high. Therefore, the number of injuries PER DRIVER-MILE can be high too and that is a good enough reason to believe that PZ 1000 is not the safest car OF ALL
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C it is - clearly mentions that PZ 1000 is the best of the worst category of cars.
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New post 02 Aug 2004, 05:36
I think it is C.
The next best choice probably is E. If the report is once per annum, the conclusion cannot end 'one of the safest cars available today'


anuramm wrote:
Automobile Dealer’s Advertisement:
The Highway Traffic Safety Institute reports that the PZ 1000 has the fewest injuries per accident of any car in its class. This shows that the PZ 1000 is one of the safest cars available today.
Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the argument in the advertisement?
(A) The Highway Traffic Safety Institute report listed many cars in other classes that had more injuries per accident than did the PZ 1000.
(B) In recently years many more PZ 1000’s have been sold than have any other kind of car in its class.
(C) Cars in the class to which the PZ 1000 belongs are more likely to be involved in accidents than are other types of cars.
(D) The difference between the number of injuries per accident for the PZ 1000 and that for other cars in its class is quite pronounced.
(E) The Highway Traffic Safety Institute issues reports only once a year.

Please explain your choices

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Common weakening scenarios : need help [#permalink]

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While reading through "Weaken question" section in powerscore CR bible , I came across common weakening scenarios. The book mentions that the following scenarios occur most frequently in this type of questions.

1. Incomplete information : The author relies on evidence which is weak and the conclusion can be weakened by bringing in new info.

2.Improper comparison : The author attempts to consider two or more items that are essentially different.

3. Qualified conclusion : The author qualifies or limits the conclusion in such a way as to leave the argument open to attack.

Now , I have come across questions of type 1(Incomplete info) , but i have rarely come across questions of other types . So would you please elaborate the 2nd and the 3rd type with the help of some questions.
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OG-verbal review Q24 might qualify under "Incorrect comparison type"

Automobile Dealer's Advertisement:
The Highway Traffic Safety Institute reports that the PZ 1000 has the fewest injuries per accident of any car in its
class. This shows that the PZ 1000 is one of the safest cars available today.
Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the argument in the advertisement?
(A) The Highway Traffic Safety Institute report listed many cars in other classes that had more injuries per
accident than did the PZ 1000.
(B) In recently years many more PZ 1000's have been sold than have any other kind of car in its class.
(C) Cars in the class to which the PZ 1000 belongs are more likely to be involved in accidents than are other
types of cars.
(D) The difference between the number of injuries per accident for the PZ 1000 and that for other cars in its
54 class is quite pronounced.
(E) The Highway Traffic Safety Institute issues reports only once a year.

In this Ques, PZ1000, which has fewest inj/acci in it's class, is declared as one of the safest cars today. The argument "incorrectly" compares PZ1000 to all cars available today

For the "Qualified conclusion" type, I'm not too sure but Q50 (discussed here) in Verbal review seems like a match.
In this Ques, the author concludes that adequate moisture is essential for crop's survival and will result in prices falling sharply. This conclusion leaves the argument to attack with alternate causes, which may impact the crop's survival.
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Re: Automobile Dealers Advertisement: The Highway Traffic [#permalink]

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New post 16 May 2013, 07:57
Can someone please explain this question Confused between Option C and D.
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Re: Automobile Dealers Advertisement: The Highway Traffic [#permalink]

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New post 16 May 2013, 18:52
fozzzy wrote:
Can someone please explain this question Confused between Option C and D.

In D it can go either way. It can go in favour of the argument. Ex if PZ1000 has a ratio of lets say 2 and the other has 5 or vice-versa. In both cases the statement will be true. Hence it can't be the answer. C directly contradicts the conclusion. Hence C.
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Re: Automobile Dealers Advertisement: The Highway Traffic [#permalink]

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fozzzy wrote:
Can someone please explain this question Confused between Option C and D.


(C) Cars in the class to which the PZ 1000 belongs are more likely to be involved in accidents than are other types of cars. More accidents means more injuries even if injuries per accident are lower than for other vehicles.
(D) The difference between the number of injuries per accident for the PZ 1000 and that for other cars in its class is quite pronounced. Does not say if the PZ 1000 has more or less injuries per accident than other cars in it's class. The pronounced difference could go either way.
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Re: Automobile Dealers Advertisement: The Highway Traffic [#permalink]

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New post 09 Sep 2013, 09:15
Expert's post
D specifically assumes the difference that may have been present whereas we are bothered more about the # of accidents. Hope that helps
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Re: Automobile Dealers Advertisement: The Highway Traffic [#permalink]

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New post 14 Mar 2014, 10:40
C : I think is strengthening instead of weakening it. Can somebody explain the right answer???
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Re: Automobile Dealers Advertisement: The Highway Traffic [#permalink]

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Conclusion of the argument:
The PZ 1000 is one of the safest cars available today.
Premise:
The Highway Traffic Safety Institute reports that the PZ 1000 has the fewest injuries per accident of any car in its class.

There are two assumptions that the author takes while stating the conclusion.
1. The class to which PZ 1000 belongs is the safest among all classes of cars.
2. The number of accidents that happen in PZ 1000 per number of PZ 1000 that run on the roads is substantially lower than any other car.
If either of these two assumptions are shattered we have the right answer.

The statement C attacks the second assumption and states that the PZ 1000 has lots of accidents and hence even though the number of injuries per accident are less but since the number of accidents are more its not really as safe as mentioned.
Hope this explanation helps

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Re: Automobile Dealers Advertisement: The Highway Traffic [#permalink]

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New post 17 Mar 2014, 05:27
The strategy i follow in weaken type of question is that the answer choice must actually destroy the conclusion.( but the facts or premises are respected)

So, here the conclusion is "The PZ 1000 is one of the safest cars available today".

And no other option except C, actually destroys the above mentioned conclusion.

So the answer should be C.

Let me know i make sense
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Re: Automobile Dealers Advertisement: The Highway Traffic [#permalink]

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akhil911 wrote:
Conclusion of the argument:
The PZ 1000 is one of the safest cars available today.
Premise:
The Highway Traffic Safety Institute reports that the PZ 1000 has the fewest injuries per accident of any car in its class.

There are two assumptions that the author takes while stating the conclusion.
1. The class to which PZ 1000 belongs is the safest among all classes of cars.
2. The number of accidents that happen in PZ 1000 per number of PZ 1000 that run on the roads is substantially lower than any other car.
If either of these two assumptions are shattered we have the right answer.

The statement C attacks the second assumption and states that the PZ 1000 has lots of accidents and hence even though the number of injuries per accident are less but since the number of accidents are more its not really as safe as mentioned.
Hope this explanation helps

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Hi akhil911,

I agree with your second assumption if we remove the word "substantially" from it.

However, I am not very sure about your first assumption. If the first assumption a must be true statement? What if we negate it? What if all other cars (which have the same category as PZ1000) are not very safe? Does that mean PZ 1000 is not the safest car? If none of the Indian cricketers can score more than 10,000 runs, does it mean that Sachin can also not do that?

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Re: Automobile Dealers Advertisement: The Highway Traffic [#permalink]

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tusharGupta1 wrote:
C : I think is strengthening instead of weakening it. Can somebody explain the right answer???


The answer will be clear, if you re-read the question. Argument states "PZ 1000 is one of the safest cars available today." Not that it is comparing PZ1000 from all the cars available in the market.

But, we are only given info about the cars that belong to the class PZ1000 belongs to. PZ1000 is the safest car in its class, but that does not make it the safest of all the cars available in the market today.
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The Highway Traffic Safety Institute reports that the PZ1000 [#permalink]

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New post 27 Jul 2014, 06:05
Automobile Dealer's Advertisement:

The Highway Traffic Safety Institute reports that the PZ 1000 has the fewest injuries per accident of anycar in
its class. This showsthat the PZ 1000 is one of the safest cars available today.

Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the argument in the advertisement?

(A) The HighwayTraffic Safety Institute report listed many cars in other classes that had more injuries per accident than did the PZ 1000.
(B) In recent years many more PZ 1000s have been sold than have any other kind of car in its class.
(C) Cars in the class to which thePZ 1000 belongs are more likely to be involved in accidents than are other typesof cars.
(D) The difference between the number of injuries per accident for the PZ 1000 and that for other cars in its class is quite pronounced.
(E) The Highway Traffic Safety Institute issues reports only once a year.
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Last edited by Gnpth on 27 Jul 2014, 06:09, edited 1 time in total.
Edited the topic & added the OA.
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Automobile Dealers Advertisement: The Highway Traffic [#permalink]

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New post 27 Jul 2014, 06:11
Expert's post
Thoughtosphere wrote:
Automobile Dealer's Advertisement:

The Highway Traffic Safety Institute reports that the PZ 1000 has the fewest injuries per accident of anycar in
its class. This showsthat the PZ 1000 is one of the safest cars available today.

Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the argument in the advertisement?

(A) The HighwayTraffic Safety Institute report listed many cars in other classes that had more injuries per accident than did the PZ 1000.
(B) In recent years many more PZ 1000s have been sold than have any other kind of car in its class.
(C) Cars in the class to which thePZ 1000 belongs are more likely to be involved in accidents than are other typesof cars.
(D) The difference between the number of injuries per accident for the PZ 1000 and that for other cars in its class is quite pronounced.
(E) The Highway Traffic Safety Institute issues reports only once a year.



Merging Similar topics. please read the rules before posting any questions.

The question is discussed above.
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Re: Automobile Dealers Advertisement: The Highway Traffic [#permalink]

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New post 16 Dec 2014, 11:18
PZ1000 has the fewest injuries in it's class (let's say SUV ) then Dealer is claiming its one of the safest cars ( i.e. in all class - SUV, Hathcback, Sedan, Sports etc. ) . Argument seems stupid :).

A) The Highway Traffic Safety Institute report listed many cars in other classes that had more injuries per accident than did the PZ 1000. (It strengthens)
(B) In recently years many more PZ 1000s have been sold than have any other kind of car in its class.( Report is based on more car i.e. sample size is more, it means report is more accurate. It strengthens.)
(C) Cars in the class to which the PZ 1000 belongs are more likely to be involved in accidents than are other types of cars.) Correct, it tells that fewest in higher number)
(D) The difference between the number of injuries per accident for the PZ 1000 and that for other cars in its class is quite pronounced. ( Is difference is +ve or -ve not clear. hence wrong )
(E) The Highway Traffic Safety Institute issues reports only once a year. (That's good to know it does not weaken.)
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Re: Automobile Dealers Advertisement: The Highway Traffic [#permalink]

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Re: Automobile Dealers Advertisement: The Highway Traffic [#permalink]

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New post 14 Apr 2016, 12:15
Conclusion: PZ is one of the safest cars available today
Premise: PZ has fewest injuries per accident of any car in its class

Assumption: fewest injuries per accident --> safe ( what about deaths ?), PZ's class is the safest class of any class.

Something along the lines of more deaths or along the lines of PZ is not in the safest class will undermine the assumption.

Alternatively, negate the conclusion& look for choices which support this negated conclusion
Negated conclusion: PZ is not one of the safest cars available today.
Re: Automobile Dealers Advertisement: The Highway Traffic   [#permalink] 14 Apr 2016, 12:15

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