Babylon was the largest city in the world for hundereds of : GMAT Sentence Correction (SC)
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# Babylon was the largest city in the world for hundereds of

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Babylon was the largest city in the world for hundereds of [#permalink]

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31 Jul 2009, 21:09
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Babylon was the largest city in the world for hundereds of years,until 32B.C,when it was conquored by Cyrus the Great,then king of persia,who,divering the waters of the Euphrates,marched his invading army in the city on dry ground like the river had never existed.
a. who,divering the waters of the Euphrates,marched his invading army in the city on dry ground like
b. who,when the waters were diverted,marched his invading army in on dry ground like
c. who,had diverted the waters of the Euphrates,marching his invading army in on ground dried to be as if
d. who,diverted the waters of the Euphrates,and then marched his invading army into the city on dry ground as if
e.divering the waters of the Euphrates,and marching his invading army in on ground dried as if

[Reveal] Spoiler:
OA:D

Guys pls explain in detail
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Re: Cyrus the Great [#permalink]

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31 Jul 2009, 21:22
A: Diverting -> means as if he did the diverting and marching at the same time. OUT!
B: passive voice, awkward construction. OUT!
C: Reading this hurts my eyes. OUT!
D: diverted......, then marched.... Looks good!
E: Need simple past tense. OUT!
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Re: Cyrus the Great [#permalink]

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31 Jul 2009, 23:20
tejal777 wrote:
Babylon was the largest city in the world for hundereds of years,until 32B.C,when it was conquored by Cyrus the Great,then king of persia,who,divering the waters of the Euphrates,marched his invading army in the city on dry ground like the river had never existed.
a. who,divering the waters of the Euphrates,marched his invading army in the city on dry ground like
b. who,when the waters were diverted,marched his invading army in on dry ground like
c. who,had diverted the waters of the Euphrates,marching his invading army in on ground dried to be as if
d. who,diverted the waters of the Euphrates,and then marched his invading army into the city on dry ground as if
e.divering the waters of the Euphrates,and marching his invading army in on ground dried as if

[Reveal] Spoiler:
OA:D

Guys pls explain in detail

A good question.
What is it trying to test ? Verb Tense

The easy 2/3 split - like ; as if
Correct: as if (WHY??) - "as if" is used for hypothetical situations. For Example: I broke the rod as if it were a wooden stick.
A/B - out.

C - on ground dried to be - awkward, had diverted and had never existed - wrong use of Past Perfect.

E - diverting and marching are actions that did not occur simultaneously. Moreover, "had never existed" requires a simple past tense.

D: WINS.
Simple past tense "diverted" for the past perfect "had never diverted".
"then marched" - action sequence in correct order.

HTH.
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Re: Cyrus the Great [#permalink]

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01 Aug 2009, 00:44
Can someone explain the usage of comma in this?
I am confused with "who,"

why comma is needed after 'who' in this case?
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Re: Cyrus the Great [#permalink]

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01 Aug 2009, 01:34
Excellent explanation for why a is wrong and d is right!!
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Re: Cyrus the Great [#permalink]

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01 Aug 2009, 04:54
d

v cannot use like
relative probnoun who is needed
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Re: Cyrus the Great [#permalink]

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03 Aug 2009, 07:30
this q tests //-ism. d
'diverted and then marched ..' is correct
So D.
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Re: Cyrus the Great [#permalink]

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03 Aug 2009, 08:03
sudeep wrote:
sudeep wrote:
Can someone explain the usage of comma in this?
I am confused with "who,"

why comma is needed after 'who' in this case?

Someone??

I think there is no need for comma, it doesn't make any sense
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Re: Cyrus the Great [#permalink]

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03 Aug 2009, 13:40
sudeep wrote:
sudeep wrote:
Can someone explain the usage of comma in this?
I am confused with "who,"

why comma is needed after 'who' in this case?

Someone??

Agreed. That comma after "who" has gotta be wrong. Otherwise D is correct.
Re: Cyrus the Great   [#permalink] 03 Aug 2009, 13:40
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# Babylon was the largest city in the world for hundereds of

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