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Based on accounts of various ancient writers, scholars have

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Based on accounts of various ancient writers, scholars have [#permalink] New post 22 Feb 2010, 12:30
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

(N/A)

Question Stats:

88% (01:33) correct 13% (00:00) wrong based on 10 sessions
Based on accounts of various ancient writers, scholars
have painted a sketchy picture of the activities of an
all-female cult that, perhaps as early as the sixth
century B.C., worshipped a goddess known in Latin as
Bona Dea, “the good goddess.”
(A) Based on accounts of various ancient writers,
(B) Basing it on various ancient writers’ accounts,
(C) With accounts of various ancient writers used
for a basis,
(D) By the accounts of various ancient writers
they used,
(E) Using accounts of various ancient writers,


Can someone explain this which choice is good and why.
I think choice E is good but A also sounds right. Please throw some light on
correct approach

thanks !!
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Re: SC QUERY [#permalink] New post 22 Feb 2010, 12:33
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zest4mba wrote:
Based on accounts of various ancient writers, scholars
have painted a sketchy picture of the activities of an
all-female cult that, perhaps as early as the sixth
century B.C., worshipped a goddess known in Latin as
Bona Dea, “the good goddess.”
(A) Based on accounts of various ancient writers,
(B) Basing it on various ancient writers’ accounts,
(C) With accounts of various ancient writers used
for a basis,
(D) By the accounts of various ancient writers
they used,
(E) Using accounts of various ancient writers,


Can someone explain this which choice is good and why.
I think choice E is good but A also sounds right. Please throw some light on
correct approach

thanks !!


E should be correct..Based on accounts.....incorrectly modifies scholars

in A:
Scholars, based on the accounts...., have painted

in E:
Scholars, using accounts......, have painted

correct modification in E
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Re: SC QUERY [#permalink] New post 22 Feb 2010, 17:48
Based on accounts of various ancient writers, scholars
have painted a sketchy picture of the activities of an
all-female cult that, perhaps as early as the sixth
century B.C., worshipped a goddess known in Latin as
Bona Dea, “the good goddess.”
(A) Based on accounts of various ancient writers,
(B) Basing it on various ancient writers’ accounts,
(C) With accounts of various ancient writers used
for a basis,
(D) By the accounts of various ancient writers
they used,
(E) Using accounts of various ancient writers,

E is a good choice. The clause which begins the sentence must precede a subject that is a logical recipient of the clause's action. In this case, A is a bit of a trap answer. Most native English speakers will use this construction in every day speech. However, it is not grammatical. "Based on accounts of various ancient writers" is followed by the noun "scholars". It would not be logical to literally base accounts on scholars.

The "it" in B has no logical antecedent.

C is awkward and a bit wordy.

"They" in D is ambiguous. It is not clear if it refers to accounts or writers.

E is correct because the noun which follows the opening clause is a logical recipient of the clause's action. In other words, the scholars used accounts of various ancient writers.
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Re: SC QUERY [#permalink] New post 22 Feb 2010, 18:45
Based on accounts of various ancient writers, scholars
have painted a sketchy picture of the activities of an
all-female cult that, perhaps as early as the sixth
century B.C., worshipped a goddess known in Latin as
Bona Dea, “the good goddess.”
(A) Based on accounts of various ancient writers,
(B) Basing it on various ancient writers’ accounts,
(C) With accounts of various ancient writers used
for a basis,
(D) By the accounts of various ancient writers
they used,
(E) Using accounts of various ancient writers[strike][/strike]

You need to find what that first phrase is modifying. The easiest way to find, if main clause is a person, then you have to ask yourself that "Scholar, based on~" it doesn't sound correct. Simply you can compare all of multiple choices in this way and then find out which fits the best. "E" Scholar is using accounts~ makes perfect sense. "B" is not idiom, "C" is wordy and "writers used for a basis" is modifying ancient. "D", whenever you see "They" or "it" you have to doubt question. Who are they? Therefore, the answer is "E"
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Re: SC QUERY [#permalink] New post 05 Mar 2010, 23:55
the ans should be A

of all the answer choices ans A has proper idiom (based on) source MGMAT

(A) Based on accounts of various ancient writers,
Re: SC QUERY   [#permalink] 05 Mar 2010, 23:55
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