Based on scientific data provided by Mars missions, the : GMAT Sentence Correction (SC)
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# Based on scientific data provided by Mars missions, the

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Based on scientific data provided by Mars missions, the [#permalink]

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12 Aug 2012, 03:05
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Based on scientific data provided by Mars missions, the planet experiences a large release of liquid water, and that some ice from a smaller but older outflow is present on its Elysian Planitia.

1.Based on scientific data transmitted by Mars missions, the planet experiences a large release of liquid water
2.Based on scientific data transmitted by Mars missions, the planet had experienced a large release of liquid water
3.According to scientific data transmitted by Mars missions, the planet experiences a large release of liquid water
4.Scientific data transmitted by Mars missions indicate that the planet experiences a large release of liquid water
5.Scientific data transmitted by Mars missions indicate the planet experiences large release of liquid water

[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
D
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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Re: Based on scientific data provided by mars [#permalink]

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12 Aug 2012, 03:41
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rahul312 wrote:
Based on scientific data provided by Mars missions, the planet experiences a large release of liquid water, and that some ice from a smaller but older outflow is present on its Elysian Planitia.

1.Based on scientific data transmitted by Mars missions, the planet experiences a large release of liquid water
2.Based on scientific data transmitted by Mars missions, the planet had experienced a large release of liquid water
3.According to scientific data transmitted by Mars missions, the planet experiences a large release of liquid water
4.Scientific data transmitted by Mars missions indicate that the planet experiences a large release of liquid water
5.Scientific data transmitted by Mars missions indicate the planet experiences large release of liquid water

[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
D

Here let us first identify the major problem with this statement ( the kind of problem that can make Amerika declare a war on Iran)

Based on some data .............. the planet experiences large release of liquid. ... This is not true the data only tells us this information the release of water happens because of some other reason which is none of our business but what we do know is that the mars mission didn't cause that water to release.

So clearly option A and B are wrong .. kick 'em out.

now in C D E we see .. "THAT" & "AND" ..... the underlined statement is followed by an 'and' and as that 'and' is not underlined so we know that 'and' is correct and now it is our job to make sure that 'and' looks correct. About 'and' we know that 'and' is an coordinating conjunction and we also know that it is also a Parallelism indicator which means that the both statements before 'and' and after 'and' should be parallel and both are being followed by the same premise.

Only option D adds " That" .
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Re: Based on scientific data provided by mars [#permalink]

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12 Aug 2012, 03:58
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1. Based on scientific data transmitted by Mars missions, the planet experiences a large release of liquid water--- the planet does not experience; who has based these data to find out the release of water is missing. A case of dangling modifier.

2. Based on scientific data transmitted by Mars missions, the planet had experienced a large release of liquid water ---- The same error as in A, in addition to the wrong tense usage.

3. According to scientific data transmitted by Mars missions, the planet experiences a large release of liquid water ---- Since the second part is not an IC but a sub-clause, the sentence construction is not gelling properly. The sentence lacks ‘that’ //ism.

4. Scientific data transmitted by Mars missions indicate that the planet experiences a large release of liquid water…. This choice amends the deficiency in the construction by maintaining the ‘that’ //ism.

5. Scientific data transmitted by Mars missions indicate the planet experiences large release of liquid water--- lacking in ‘that’ //ism.

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Re: Based on scientific data provided by mars [#permalink]

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12 Aug 2012, 08:12
thanks mandy and daagh ... that was very well put .
But i have a different question here (didnt put it before because i wanted to c if i was the only one who thinks so )

in the correct answer choice "Scientific data transmitted by Mars missions indicate that the planet experiences a large release of liquid water

scientific DATA .... INDICATE that ....

is DATA considered plural ?? doesn't it act like a compound word or something like that ??
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Re: Based on scientific data provided by mars [#permalink]

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12 Aug 2012, 08:36
Data is plural, datum is its singular;
similar such irregular singular –plural pairs:
Phenomenon- phenomena
fungus – fungi
alga- algae
virus- viri ( but viruses is also ok)
bacterium- bacteria ;
stratum- strata
and may be many more.
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Re: Based on scientific data provided by mars [#permalink]

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12 Aug 2012, 09:45
1.Based on scientific data transmitted by Mars missions, the planet experiences a large release of liquid water
based on is modifying the planet-incorrect
2.Based on scientific data transmitted by Mars missions, the planet had experienced a large release of liquid water
same as A ; verb tense is improper as intended-incorrect
3.According to scientific data transmitted by Mars missions, the planet experiences a large release of liquid water
wrongly used according to
4.Scientific data transmitted by Mars missions indicate that the planet experiences a large release of liquid water
correct
5.Scientific data transmitted by Mars missions indicate the planet experiences large release of liquid water
indicate that is the right usage, not indicate the
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Re: Based on scientific data provided by mars [#permalink]

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12 Aug 2012, 10:30
ok now it makes sense to me ... somehow in my mind i kept thinking of data as a compund word ..
well anyways daagh ... that was surely helpful !
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Re: Based on scientific data provided by mars [#permalink]

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12 Aug 2012, 18:32
rahul312 wrote:
ok now it makes sense to me ... somehow in my mind i kept thinking of data as a compund word ..
well anyways daagh ... that was surely helpful !

You dont have to remember weather data is singular or plural or even its datum form
just remember its definition
Data : A collection of raw information., A collection of facts. ( sounds plural ? )
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Re: Based on scientific data provided by mars [#permalink]

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12 Aug 2012, 21:03
I get the fact that Data is a collection of datum , so it is plural .
But what i was wondering was , say , Army is a collection of soldiers , but it is a compound noun , so it is considered singular , in the same Data could also have
been a compound noun ..(but its not )
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Re: Based on scientific data provided by Mars missions, the [#permalink]

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28 Aug 2014, 05:32
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# Based on scientific data provided by Mars missions, the

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