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Based on the growth rates of large modern reptiles such as

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Based on the growth rates of large modern reptiles such as [#permalink] New post 30 Jan 2005, 19:30
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Based on the growth rates of large modern reptiles such as the Galapagos tortoise and examination of fossils of juvenile dinosaurs, scientists estimat that the larger dinosaurs probably lived to be between 100 and 200 years old.
(A) Based on the growth rates of large modern reptiles such as
(B) On the basis of growth rates of large modern reptiles such as
(C) Based on the growth rates of large modern reptiles like
(D) On the basis of growth rates of large modern reptiles like
(E) Based on the growth rates as those of large modern reptiles such as
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 [#permalink] New post 30 Jan 2005, 19:39
Between A, B, E....I pick "B".....altho I am not sure of the usage of "On the basis" vs "Based on".
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 [#permalink] New post 30 Jan 2005, 20:43
Yup! B.

Reason: Based on Modifies where as On the basis Modifies Scientist Estimate.

HTH.
If not I can explain In detail
Thanks
Saurabh Malpani
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 [#permalink] New post 30 Jan 2005, 20:49
Yes, I would appreciate if you could give more detailed explanations about "base on" and "on the basis of". I'm still confused about them. Thanks!
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Re: SC: reptiles [#permalink] New post 30 Jan 2005, 22:02
HongHu wrote:
Based on the growth rates of large modern reptiles such as the Galapagos tortoise and examination of fossils of juvenile dinosaurs, scientists estimat that the larger dinosaurs probably lived to be between 100 and 200 years old.
(A) Based on the growth rates of large modern reptiles such as
(B) On the basis of growth rates of large modern reptiles such as
(


Do you C what is what is being modified In A? Ask yourself what is based on? Scientist ot the estimate ... it's is not clear in A... So A is wrong.

Where as in B.."on the basis" is modifying the "estimate made by scientist"

Does it help?

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 [#permalink] New post 30 Jan 2005, 22:37
B)
Reason is simple:
X and Y: Both X and Y have to be parallel
We need to make the first part parallel to the second part after and i.e examination

For this we need a noun!
Based on is Adjective
On the basis is Noun phrase

So On the basis wins.

Such as makes more sense than like as we are giving examples here.
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 [#permalink] New post 30 Jan 2005, 23:42
Wow nocilis !! Your explanation seems plausible.

Could you explain a bit more..
"Based on" is Adjective
"On the basis" is Noun phrase

Why "Based on" is adjective? which noun it is modifying?
Why "On the basis" is noun phrase? Is it not adjective similar to "based on" modifying scientists?

Thanks,
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 [#permalink] New post 31 Jan 2005, 02:39
(B) seems fine.

1) "Based on" vs "On the basis of" - Based on conveys the meaning that the scientists were based on something. Whereas, "on the basis of" conveys that their findings were based on something.

2) "such as" vs "like": such as is used when arguments are quoted citing examples from the sample space. In this case, "the Galapagos tortoise and examination of fossils of juvenile dinosaurs".
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Re: SC: reptiles [#permalink] New post 31 Jan 2005, 04:37
HongHu wrote:
Based on the growth rates of large modern reptiles such as the Galapagos tortoise and examination of fossils of juvenile dinosaurs, scientists estimat that the larger dinosaurs probably lived to be between 100 and 200 years old.
(A) Based on the growth rates of large modern reptiles such as
(B) On the basis of growth rates of large modern reptiles such as
(C) Based on the growth rates of large modern reptiles like
(D) On the basis of growth rates of large modern reptiles like
(E) Based on the growth rates as those of large modern reptiles such as


go with B.
(A)(C)(E) based on is dangling
(D) the useage of like is no better than that of such as.
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 [#permalink] New post 31 Jan 2005, 07:43
maaverick wrote:
(B) seems fine.

1) "Based on" vs "On the basis of" - Based on conveys the meaning that the scientists were based on something. Whereas, "on the basis of" conveys that their findings were based on something.



Ahh I got you. If the subject is the finding and not the people then it would be ok to use "based on" right?

OA is (B).
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 [#permalink] New post 31 Jan 2005, 08:35
Everyday i learn something new. Based on, on the basis. I never thought of it as Maaverick has explained. Thanks guys
  [#permalink] 31 Jan 2005, 08:35
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