Based on the writings of various long-dead pilgrims, : GMAT Sentence Correction (SC)
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# Based on the writings of various long-dead pilgrims,

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11 May 2009, 02:00
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Based on the writings of various long-dead pilgrims, textbook authors have painted a questionable portrait of the lifestyles of the Native American tribes that existed in America during the early colonization period.

(A) Based on the writings of various long-dead pilgrims
(B) Basing it on long-dead pilgrims' writings
(C) With writings of long-dead pilgrims used for a basis
(D) By the writings of long-dead pilgrims they used
(E) Using writings of long-dead pilgrims
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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11 May 2009, 03:01
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tenaman10 wrote:
Based on the writings of various long-dead pilgrims, textbook authors have painted a questionable portrait of the lifestyles of the Native American tribes that existed in America during the early colonization period.

(A) Based on the writings of various long-dead pilgrims
(B) Basing it on long-dead pilgrims' writings
(C) With writings of long-dead pilgrims used for a basis
(D) By the writings of long-dead pilgrims they used
(E) Using writings of long-dead pilgrims

I believe most of us will boil down to A and E.

A is incorrect because authors are not "based on writings".. the modifier incorrectly modifies the authors.

IMO E
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11 May 2009, 03:32
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IMO E

Based on the writings of various long-dead pilgrims, textbook authors have painted a questionable portrait of the lifestyles of the Native American tribes that existed in America during the early colonization period.

(A) Based on the writings of various long-dead pilgrims --> it wrongly means textbook authors are based on ... . Textbook authors are in active state, they can't be in a passive state
(B) Basing it on long-dead pilgrims' writings --> it here is not clearly referred
(C) With writings of long-dead pilgrims used for a basis --> too wordy, ambiguous: to which is basis referred ?
(D) By the writings of long-dead pilgrims they used -->it wrongly means: textbook authors paint portrait by the writing of long-dead pilgrims, turning the modifier to such a kind of painting equipment as paint brush, etc
(E) Using writings of long-dead pilgrims -->correct modifier for the subject textbook authors: an action parallel with the action in the main clause, meaning that the authors use the writing of pilgrim as material for their works
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12 May 2009, 01:46
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OA:E ..
in A .."various" is redundant .
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12 May 2009, 10:12
Certainly E for the sake of correct modifier...
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15 May 2009, 05:26
Based on the writings of various long-dead pilgrims, textbook authors have painted a questionable portrait of the lifestyles of the Native American tribes that existed in America during the early colonization period.

(A) Based on the writings of various long-dead pilgrims - wrong since authors are not based on sth.
(B) Basing it on long-dead pilgrims' writings - basing actually what?
(C) With writings of long-dead pilgrims used for a basis - wordy
(D) By the writings of long-dead pilgrims they used - authors have painted portrait by the writings?

IMHO (E)
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15 May 2009, 12:39
E

"using..." modifies "textbook authors"
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12 May 2010, 08:16
B,C and D are out on first sight.
A is ambiguous as textbook authors are not based on pligrim's writings.

E is the best option.
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12 May 2010, 10:43
Based on the writings of various long-dead pilgrims, textbook authors have painted a questionable portrait of the lifestyles of the Native American tribes that existed in America during the early colonization period.

(A) Based on the writings of various long-dead pilgrims
(B) Basing it on long-dead pilgrims' writings
(C) With writings of long-dead pilgrims used for a basis
(D) By the writings of long-dead pilgrims they used
(E) Using writings of long-dead pilgrims

Textbook authors are not based on the writings of long-dead pilgrims, but rather, textbook authors
use the writings of long-dead pilgrims to paint a questionable portrait of the lifestyles of the Native American tribes...

Option E, is thus the best answer.
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12 May 2010, 22:41
B/w A & E,I chose option A bt the OA was option E
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12 May 2010, 23:57
Quote:
Based on the writings of various long-dead pilgrims, textbook authors have painted a questionable portrait of the lifestyles of the Native American tribes that existed in America during the early colonization period.

(A) Based on the writings of various long-dead pilgrims
(B) Basing it on long-dead pilgrims' writings
(C) With writings of long-dead pilgrims used for a basis
(D) By the writings of long-dead pilgrims they used
(E) Using writings of long-dead pilgrims

(A) Based on the writings of various long-dead pilgrims- textbook authors cannot be based on the writings. mispalced modifier.
(B) Basing it on long-dead pilgrims' writings--Idiomatically wrong
(C) With writings of long-dead pilgrims used for a basis -- used for a basis is wrong
(D) By the writings of long-dead pilgrims they used -- used by the writings is wrong
(E) Using writings of long-dead pilgrims -- the textbook authors used writings of long-dead pilgrims, which is correct
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16 May 2010, 06:34
I think its ofcourse! "E"....can some1 tell wht the correct answer is?
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16 May 2010, 10:54
Hi all, is it clearly A, the modifier is the key

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19 May 2010, 20:04
can anyone confirm the right ans pls?
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19 May 2010, 20:18
The authors are not based on the writings so A is out. D is just awkward as hell, out. Make that B,C and D. all out. Must be E which reads best and does not have the misplaced modifier.

I hope this helps. If you found it helpful, please give kudos.
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06 Sep 2010, 07:46
E it is.

A is incorrect because authors cannot be based on the writings.

Authors can use the writings.
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16 May 2011, 04:00
The answer is E. This type of error has been mentioned in Manhattan GMAT SC guide.
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21 May 2011, 11:45
tenaman10 wrote:
Based on the writings of various long-dead pilgrims, textbook authors have painted a questionable portrait of the lifestyles of the Native American tribes that existed in America during the early colonization period.

(A) Based on the writings of various long-dead pilgrims
(B) Basing it on long-dead pilgrims' writings
(C) With writings of long-dead pilgrims used for a basis
(D) By the writings of long-dead pilgrims they used
(E) Using writings of long-dead pilgrims

knock off of og12 sc#25...
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29 Jan 2012, 22:54
E it is.
Based( verb-ed modifier or past participle modifier) needs to modify the noun subject i.e authors which is incorrect.
using(verb-ing mod or present participle clause )is clearly mod authors n hence correct.
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22 May 2013, 03:59
many would come down to A and E
out of which E is the best answer
Re: Based on the writings of various long-dead pilgrims,   [#permalink] 22 May 2013, 03:59

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