Because an oversupply of computer chips has sent prices : GMAT Sentence Correction (SC) - Page 3
Check GMAT Club Decision Tracker for the Latest School Decision Releases http://gmatclub.com/AppTrack

 It is currently 20 Jan 2017, 23:35

### GMAT Club Daily Prep

#### Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

# Events & Promotions

###### Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

# Because an oversupply of computer chips has sent prices

Author Message
TAGS:

### Hide Tags

Director
Joined: 27 Jun 2011
Posts: 894
Followers: 89

Kudos [?]: 220 [1] , given: 57

Re: Because an oversupply of computer chips has sent prices [#permalink]

### Show Tags

11 Sep 2013, 06:18
1
KUDOS
Intern
Joined: 10 Jan 2010
Posts: 25
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 4 [0], given: 42

### Show Tags

24 Sep 2013, 19:18
billyjeans wrote:
D.

I think A is wrong, because of the correct idiom should be "because of". D is concise.

"because of" suggests direction of the topic and "because an" is a specific cause about the topic ---thus A.
Current Student
Joined: 06 Sep 2013
Posts: 2035
Concentration: Finance
GMAT 1: 770 Q0 V
Followers: 62

Kudos [?]: 594 [1] , given: 355

Re: Because an oversupply of computer chips has sent prices [#permalink]

### Show Tags

24 Nov 2013, 06:20
1
KUDOS
goalsnr wrote:
Because an oversupply of computer chips has sent prices plunging, the manufacturer has announced that it will cut production by closing its factories for two days a month.

A. Because an oversupply of computer chips has sent prices plunging

B. Because of plunging prices for computer chips, which is due to an oversupply

C. Because computer chip prices have been sent plunging, which resulted from an oversupply

D. Due to plunging computer chip prices from an oversupply

E. Due to an oversupply, with the result that computer chip prices have been sent plunging

[Reveal] Spoiler:
I picked A on this one.But again there seem to be different OAs for this on the GMATCLUB. I am convinced by explanations by Vikram and Ak_IDC.
So lets open another can of worms

Trivikram

11-p257789?t=37246&hilit=Because+an+oversupply+of+computer+chips+has+sent+prices+plunging#p257789

ak_Idc

11-p257169?t=37246&hilit=Because+an+oversupply+of+computer+chips+has+sent+prices+plunging#p257169

Just to point out that GMAT usually does not like 'due to'

GMAT Black List

Due to
Like
Being
if (vs. whether)
actually
... etc..

Hope it helps
Cheers!
J
Senior Manager
Joined: 08 Apr 2013
Posts: 295
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 22 [0], given: 27

Re: Because an oversupply of computer chips has sent prices [#permalink]

### Show Tags

27 Nov 2013, 00:43
[quote="goalsnr"]Because an oversupply of computer chips has sent prices plunging, the manufacturer has announced that it will cut production by closing its factories for two days a month.

A. Because an oversupply of computer chips has sent prices plunging

B. Because of plunging prices for computer chips, which is due to an oversupply

C. Because computer chip prices have been sent plunging, which resulted from an oversupply

D. Due to plunging computer chip prices from an oversupply

E. Due to an oversupply, with the result that computer chip prices have been sent plunging

in b, "which" can jump over a noun modifier to modify that noun, "prices". but the problem is "is" not "are"

in c, "which " can jump over a verb to modify a noun, "prices" (there are a question from gmatprep). But the problem is there is no logicness. "prices, which resuted from an oversupply" is meaningless. "which" clause can not modify a main clause, on gmat.
_________________

If anyone in this gmat forum is in England,Britain, pls, email to me, (thanghnvn@gmail.com) . I have some questions and need your advise. Thank a lot.

Manager
Joined: 12 Jan 2013
Posts: 244
Followers: 4

Kudos [?]: 69 [0], given: 47

Re: Because an oversupply of computer chips has sent prices [#permalink]

### Show Tags

08 Jan 2014, 11:30
goalsnr wrote:
Because an oversupply of computer chips has sent prices plunging, the manufacturer has announced that it will cut production by closing its factories for two days a month.

A. Because an oversupply of computer chips has sent prices plunging

B. Because of plunging prices for computer chips, which is due to an oversupply

C. Because computer chip prices have been sent plunging, which resulted from an oversupply

D. Due to plunging computer chip prices from an oversupply

E. Due to an oversupply, with the result that computer chip prices have been sent plunging

Parallel structure: (has sent... has announced) and (plunging... closing).. So A is correct.
Senior Manager
Joined: 15 Aug 2013
Posts: 328
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 53 [0], given: 23

Re: Because an oversupply of computer chips has sent prices [#permalink]

### Show Tags

26 Apr 2014, 07:46
egmat wrote:
Hi,

Because an oversupply of computer chips has sent prices plunging, the manufacturer has announced that it will cut production by closing its factories for two days a month.

I believe most of the people are confused because there has been some gap in understanding the meaning of the sentence. The sentence presents cause and effect. Cause: An oversupply of computer chips has sent prices plunging. Effect: The manufacturer has announced that it will cut production by closing its factories for two days a month.

1) Use of “because” in the beginning of the sentence is correct to show the causal relationship of the first clause with the second.

2) Singular subject “oversupply” agrees in number with singular verb “has sent”. Note, that plural “computer chips” cannot be the subject as it lies in a prepositional phrase “oversupply of computer chips”. Since “oversupply” is the head of this prepositional phrase, it is the subject of the sentence.

3) The present perfect verb “has sent” in the first clause clearly indicates that the cause has already taken place. The present perfect verb “has announced” in the second clause also clearly states that the announcement has been made because of the plunging prices. Thus, there is no error in the sentence.

POE:

A) Because an oversupply of computer chips has sent prices plunging,: Correct. This choice is correct as is as pointed out in sentence analysis.

B) Because of plunging prices for computer chips, which is due to an oversupply: 1) Relative pronoun “which” refers to plural subject “prices”. But the following verb “is” is singular that does not agree in the number with its noun antecedent.
2) This choice is wordy.

C) Because computer chip prices have been sent plunging, which resulted from an oversupply: 1) Reference to “which” is vague. It is not clear whether it refers to the price that was there before plunging or to plunging price.
2) Passive voice unnecessarily makes the choice wordy.

D) Due to plunging computer chip prices from an oversupply: 1) The events here are not presented in the chronological order. The order of the events is: oversupply of chips, plunging prices and announcement by the manufacturer. But this choice states the order as: plunging prices, (due to) oversupply and announcement by the manufacturer. This change in order creates a bit confusion as to what happened first: plunging in prices or oversupply?

E) Due to an oversupply, with the result that computer chip prices have been sent plunging: 1) It is better to say, due to x, y happened rather than due to x what resulted in is y. This expression makes “with the result” redundant.
2) This choice is too wordy.

1. Understand the logical intended meaning of the sentence.
2. Subject and verb must always agree in number.
3. Be vary of choices that are wordy and confusing.
4. Pronouns must have a clear referent.

Hope this helps.

Why is it that in choice B, the ",which" doesn't refer to the noun right before it -- chips? Does ",which" imply singular/plural?

Can ",which" in C refer to plunging at all or does it always have to refer to a noun and plunging is a gerund?

Thanks!
Intern
Joined: 18 Dec 2013
Posts: 39
Location: United States
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 11 [0], given: 19

Re: Because an oversupply of computer chips has sent prices [#permalink]

### Show Tags

06 Jul 2014, 12:08
Can someone explain something to me?
In answer choice B, why does 'which' modify prices and not computer chips?
I was under the impression that which modifies the word immediately preceding it.

I get that A is the right answer, but don't fully get why the use of 'which' in B is wrong.
Director
Joined: 27 Mar 2010
Posts: 617
Location: Bangalore, India
Followers: 32

Kudos [?]: 220 [0], given: 9

Re: Because an oversupply of computer chips has sent prices [#permalink]

### Show Tags

07 Jul 2014, 08:45
warriorsquared wrote:
Can someone explain something to me?
In answer choice B, why does 'which' modify prices and not computer chips?
I was under the impression that which modifies the word immediately preceding it.

Actually which always modifies the nearest grammatically eligible word preceding it.

B says: which is due to an oversupply...

Because of the presence of is (a singular verb), only singular nouns will be grammatically eligible to be modified by which. But here, there is no singular noun present (plunging prices and computer chips are both plural); hence which actually does not have any noun to modify here.

p.s. Our book SC Nirvana discusses the which and that pronouns, and what they modify, in significant detail. If you can PM you email, I can send you the corresponding section.
_________________

Thanks,
Ashish (GMAT Faculty @ EducationAisle)
http://www.EducationAisle.com

Sentence Correction Nirvana available at Amazon.in and Flipkart

Now! Preview the entire Grammar Section of Sentence Correction Nirvana at pothi.com

Current Student
Status: Everyone is a leader. Just stop listening to others.
Joined: 22 Mar 2013
Posts: 992
Location: India
GPA: 3.51
WE: Information Technology (Computer Software)
Followers: 164

Kudos [?]: 1461 [0], given: 227

Re: Because an oversupply of computer chips has sent prices [#permalink]

### Show Tags

07 Jul 2014, 08:51
warriorsquared wrote:
Can someone explain something to me?
In answer choice B, why does 'which' modify prices and not computer chips?
I was under the impression that which modifies the word immediately preceding it.

I get that A is the right answer, but don't fully get why the use of 'which' in B is wrong.

If not then read and understand them.
_________________

Piyush K
-----------------------
Our greatest weakness lies in giving up. The most certain way to succeed is to try just one more time. ― Thomas A. Edison
Don't forget to press--> Kudos
My Articles: 1. WOULD: when to use? | 2. All GMATPrep RCs (New)
Tip: Before exam a week earlier don't forget to exhaust all gmatprep problems specially for "sentence correction".

Senior Manager
Joined: 17 Sep 2013
Posts: 394
Concentration: Strategy, General Management
GMAT 1: 730 Q51 V38
WE: Analyst (Consulting)
Followers: 19

Kudos [?]: 271 [0], given: 139

Re: Because an oversupply of computer chips has sent prices [#permalink]

### Show Tags

07 Jul 2014, 12:30
Its A in 30 if you have developed the GMAT ear...All others sound a bit awkward..D too ..
And here 'Because' with the cause effect relationship quickly dethrones D from the contender spot..A it is
_________________

Appreciate the efforts...KUDOS for all
Don't let an extra chromosome get you down..

e-GMAT Representative
Joined: 02 Nov 2011
Posts: 1996
Followers: 2082

Kudos [?]: 7158 [0], given: 267

Re: Because an oversupply of computer chips has sent prices [#permalink]

### Show Tags

21 Jul 2014, 02:19
warriorsquared wrote:
Can someone explain something to me?
In answer choice B, why does 'which' modify prices and not computer chips?
I was under the impression that which modifies the word immediately preceding it.

I get that A is the right answer, but don't fully get why the use of 'which' in B is wrong.

Hi warriorsquared,
I don’t know whether you are looking for the reply or not, but here it is anyways.

You are correct in saying that the “which” modifier modifies the preceding noun, but it can also modify a slightly far away noun, depending on the context of the sentence. Let’s see how:

The sword of the great Tipu Sultan, which was used in the famous battle of Pollilur, resides in the Local Arts Museum.

In the above sentence, the modifier ‘which’ jumps over the prepositional phrase “of the great Tipu Sultan” to modify slightly far away noun ‘the sword’ since the prepositional phrase is modifying the noun “the sword” and hence it cannot be placed anywhere else in the sentence.

Let’s take two more examples:
The Hindi translation of this book, which was done by a prominent Hindi author, is one of the best Hindi translations till today. (‘which’ modifies ‘The Hindi translation’)

• The English translation of the book, which was originally written in Hindi, was done in 1998. (‘which’ modifies ‘the book’)

noun-modifiers-can-modify-slightly-far-away-noun-135868.html#p1105003

Note that, when there are more than one possible antecedents for a pronoun, then we replace the pronoun by the possible antecedents one by one and check which one of the antecedents makes sense in the sentence.

Now, coming to your question, let’s replace “which” by “plunging prices” and “computer chips”:

• Because of plunging prices for computer chips, which is due to an oversupply, the manufacturer has announced that it will cut production by closing its factories for two days a month.

As we can see, it does not make sense to say “computer chips is due to an oversupply”. So, “which” cannot refer to “computer chips”.
Now, it makes sense to say “plunging prices is due to an oversupply”, but the subject verb pair does not agree in number. So, this is also incorrect. However, now we know that logically “which” can refer to plunging prices.

Hope this helps!
Deepak
_________________

| '4 out of Top 5' Instructors on gmatclub | 70 point improvement guarantee | www.e-gmat.com

Intern
Joined: 18 Dec 2013
Posts: 39
Location: United States
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 11 [0], given: 19

Re: Because an oversupply of computer chips has sent prices [#permalink]

### Show Tags

24 Jul 2014, 12:25
Okay. I think this makes sense.

I would ask what happens when you change answer choice B to say "which are due to an oversupply", but two more things come to mind:
1. The meaning starts to shift -- that is, the "which are due to an oversupply" would be an nonessential modifier, but the author of the sentence probably doesn't consider this a nonessential statement. After all, the oversupply was the first domino to fall and led to the cut in production.
2. I suppose it's not abundantly clear what the oversupply is due to --> which are due to an oversupply...of what? Was it an oversupply of computer chips, or an oversupply of something else that in turn affected computer chips?

If my line of thinking is correct, I think I fully understand why B is wrong (along with the issues that you all raised above, which btw was helpful).
Intern
Joined: 09 Jul 2014
Posts: 44
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 2 [0], given: 63

Re: Because an oversupply of computer chips has sent prices [#permalink]

### Show Tags

16 Oct 2014, 23:54
egmat wrote:
warriorsquared wrote:
Can someone explain something to me?
In answer choice B, why does 'which' modify prices and not computer chips?
I was under the impression that which modifies the word immediately preceding it.

I get that A is the right answer, but don't fully get why the use of 'which' in B is wrong.

Hi warriorsquared,
I don’t know whether you are looking for the reply or not, but here it is anyways.

You are correct in saying that the “which” modifier modifies the preceding noun, but it can also modify a slightly far away noun, depending on the context of the sentence. Let’s see how:

The sword of the great Tipu Sultan, which was used in the famous battle of Pollilur, resides in the Local Arts Museum.

In the above sentence, the modifier ‘which’ jumps over the prepositional phrase “of the great Tipu Sultan” to modify slightly far away noun ‘the sword’ since the prepositional phrase is modifying the noun “the sword” and hence it cannot be placed anywhere else in the sentence.

Let’s take two more examples:
The Hindi translation of this book, which was done by a prominent Hindi author, is one of the best Hindi translations till today. (‘which’ modifies ‘The Hindi translation’)

• The English translation of the book, which was originally written in Hindi, was done in 1998. (‘which’ modifies ‘the book’)

noun-modifiers-can-modify-slightly-far-away-noun-135868.html#p1105003

Note that, when there are more than one possible antecedents for a pronoun, then we replace the pronoun by the possible antecedents one by one and check which one of the antecedents makes sense in the sentence.

Now, coming to your question, let’s replace “which” by “plunging prices” and “computer chips”:

• Because of plunging prices for computer chips, which is due to an oversupply, the manufacturer has announced that it will cut production by closing its factories for two days a month.

As we can see, it does not make sense to say “computer chips is due to an oversupply”. So, “which” cannot refer to “computer chips”.
Now, it makes sense to say “plunging prices is due to an oversupply”, but the subject verb pair does not agree in number. So, this is also incorrect. However, now we know that logically “which” can refer to plunging prices.

Hope this helps!
Deepak

hi Deepak ,
in the sentence
• The English translation of the book, which was originally written in Hindi, was done in 1998. (‘which’ modifies ‘the book’) .
i understand that by the intended meaning "which" cannot refer to "english translation" but isn't "of the book" is a prepositional phrase here and so "which" will jump over it ???
Intern
Joined: 10 Jun 2011
Posts: 11
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 11 [0], given: 28

Re: Because an oversupply of computer chips has sent prices [#permalink]

### Show Tags

14 Dec 2014, 03:07
Option A is correct.

It is a modifier question. Because an oversupply of computer chips has sent prices plunging, is the modifier. Replacing is with Option D is wrong because of "DUE TO". DUE TO is modifying the 'Manufacturers' which is not correct.

'Because/Because of' modifies the whole clause/idea
'Due to' modifies the noun only.

Director
Joined: 10 Mar 2013
Posts: 608
Location: Germany
Concentration: Finance, Entrepreneurship
GMAT 1: 580 Q46 V24
GPA: 3.88
WE: Information Technology (Consulting)
Followers: 15

Kudos [?]: 266 [0], given: 200

Re: Because an oversupply of computer chips has sent prices [#permalink]

### Show Tags

05 Jan 2015, 16:41
egmat wrote:
Hi,

Because an oversupply of computer chips has sent prices plunging, the manufacturer has announced that it will cut production by closing its factories for two days a month.

I believe most of the people are confused because there has been some gap in understanding the meaning of the sentence. The sentence presents cause and effect. Cause: An oversupply of computer chips has sent prices plunging. Effect: The manufacturer has announced that it will cut production by closing its factories for two days a month.

1) Use of “because” in the beginning of the sentence is correct to show the causal relationship of the first clause with the second.

2) Singular subject “oversupply” agrees in number with singular verb “has sent”. Note, that plural “computer chips” cannot be the subject as it lies in a prepositional phrase “oversupply of computer chips”. Since “oversupply” is the head of this prepositional phrase, it is the subject of the sentence.

3) The present perfect verb “has sent” in the first clause clearly indicates that the cause has already taken place. The present perfect verb “has announced” in the second clause also clearly states that the announcement has been made because of the plunging prices. Thus, there is no error in the sentence.

POE:

A) Because an oversupply of computer chips has sent prices plunging,: Correct. This choice is correct as is as pointed out in sentence analysis.

B) Because of plunging prices for computer chips, which is due to an oversupply: 1) Relative pronoun “which” refers to plural subject “prices”. But the following verb “is” is singular that does not agree in the number with its noun antecedent.
2) This choice is wordy.

C) Because computer chip prices have been sent plunging, which resulted from an oversupply: 1) Reference to “which” is vague. It is not clear whether it refers to the price that was there before plunging or to plunging price.
2) Passive voice unnecessarily makes the choice wordy.

D) Due to plunging computer chip prices from an oversupply: 1) The events here are not presented in the chronological order. The order of the events is: oversupply of chips, plunging prices and announcement by the manufacturer. But this choice states the order as: plunging prices, (due to) oversupply and announcement by the manufacturer. This change in order creates a bit confusion as to what happened first: plunging in prices or oversupply?

E) Due to an oversupply, with the result that computer chip prices have been sent plunging: 1) It is better to say, due to x, y happened rather than due to x what resulted in is y. This expression makes “with the result” redundant.
2) This choice is too wordy.

1. Understand the logical intended meaning of the sentence.
2. Subject and verb must always agree in number.
3. Be vary of choices that are wordy and confusing.
4. Pronouns must have a clear referent.

Hope this helps.

My choice is between (A) and (D), but I'll go for (A).

(A) The ENTIRE sentence"Because an oversupply of computer chips has sent prices plunging" acts as a MODIFIER that explains the entire idea of the following sentence. Additionally, a clause is correctly following BECAUSE.

(D) The first part here describes the following noun, which is "the manufacturer" --> It doesn't make sense.
Consider this example: Due to a delay in London, the flight was unable to leave until this morning.[/color] --> CORRECT

And here is my wrap up about the usage of because, because of and due to (please correct me if I'm wrong):

<> BECAUSE + Main Clause

Because a gas pipeline exploded, several homes burned down.

<> BECAUSE OF + NOUN Phrase

The laces were quite mad at the shoe because of the treatment they had been receiving as of late.

<> DUE TO + Noun Phrase

THE TRICK
Due to has to follow some form of the verb to be.
he moon’s incessant yawning was due to all the overtime day shifts he had been working.

<> DUE TO THE FACT + Main Clause

The difference must have been due to the fact that Minh had been living in a more pleasant environment for six months.

And here are some usefull links to practice because, because of, due to etc....

http://linguistech.ca/Tips+and+Tricks+- ... vs.+Due+to
http://www.grammar-quizzes.com/19-1.html
http://www2.elc.polyu.edu.hk/cill/exercises/because.htm

Hope this helps.
_________________

When you’re up, your friends know who you are. When you’re down, you know who your friends are.

800Score ONLY QUANT CAT1 51, CAT2 50, CAT3 50
GMAT PREP 670
MGMAT CAT 630
KAPLAN CAT 660

Chat Moderator
Joined: 19 Apr 2013
Posts: 748
Concentration: Strategy, Healthcare
Schools: Sloan '18 (A)
GMAT 1: 730 Q48 V41
GPA: 4
Followers: 14

Kudos [?]: 166 [0], given: 537

Re: Because an oversupply of computer chips has sent prices [#permalink]

### Show Tags

04 Mar 2015, 01:19
Read answers of several experts, but neither was able to convince me what is wrong with the answer D.
_________________

If my post was helpful, press Kudos. If not, then just press Kudos !!!

Intern
Joined: 24 Oct 2014
Posts: 22
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 1 [0], given: 1

Re: Because an oversupply of computer chips has sent prices [#permalink]

### Show Tags

07 Apr 2015, 06:27
D is not a possible solution because the use of Due to is not correct. The litmus test for "due to" is if it can be replaced with "caused by".

Eg. The match was canceled because of rain. (correct)

The match was canceled due to rain. (incorrect)

Similarly, in options D if you replace Due to with caused by --> Caused by plunging computer chip prices from an oversupply... Makes no sense.

Therefore D is not a possible solution.
Manager
Joined: 25 Apr 2013
Posts: 68
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 18 [1] , given: 12

Re: Because an oversupply of computer chips has sent prices [#permalink]

### Show Tags

07 Apr 2015, 21:30
1
KUDOS
Yes, would agree. "caused by" is correct if we can substitute it with "attributable to".

So, D is:

Attributable to plunging computer chip prices from an oversupply, the manufacturer has announced that it will cut production by closing its factories for two days a month.

But manufacturer was not attributable to plunging computer chip prices. That is the reason for D not being correct.

Also, I feel that D is not depicting the meaning properly, because it says "plunging computer chip prices from an oversupply"; oversupply of what? It should be clear "oversupply of computer chips".
Intern
Joined: 21 Jan 2016
Posts: 17
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 2 [0], given: 6

Re: Because an oversupply of computer chips has sent prices [#permalink]

### Show Tags

14 Feb 2016, 05:19
(D) is incorrect because it distorts the intended meaning of the original sentence.
According to the original sentence, the manufacturer decided to slash production because of a progress---oversupply reduces price.
However (D) indicates that the manufacturer did this because of decreasing prices, "from an oversupply" is just a modifier to modify "prices".
Intern
Joined: 25 Jan 2016
Posts: 5
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 0 [0], given: 22

Re: Because an oversupply of computer chips has sent prices [#permalink]

### Show Tags

17 Feb 2016, 10:46

Here the use of the idiom "because of" is not significant because the main clause at the end properly completed the sentence which started with the subordinate clause.

in D, it changes the overall meaning slightly. "Plunging computer chip prices" is a result of an oversupply. Hence the use of "from an oversupply" is not correctly used here.
Re: Because an oversupply of computer chips has sent prices   [#permalink] 17 Feb 2016, 10:46

Go to page   Previous    1   2   3   4    Next  [ 63 posts ]

Similar topics Replies Last post
Similar
Topics:
Because an oversupply of computer chips has sent prices 0 13 Aug 2013, 00:15
21 lt;u>Because a surfeit of undergraduate students has sent 16 30 Nov 2011, 12:52
5 Because an oversupply of computer chips has sent prices 10 04 Oct 2010, 09:33
Because an oversupply of computer chips has sent prices 4 01 Jul 2009, 08:38
Because an oversupply of computer chips has sent prices 3 10 Feb 2007, 00:47
Display posts from previous: Sort by