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Because an oversupply of computer chips has sent prices

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Re: Because an oversupply of computer chips has sent prices [#permalink] New post 11 Sep 2013, 06:18
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Between A and E i chose A because E is redundant "due to....with the result".

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Re: SC-oversupply [#permalink] New post 24 Sep 2013, 19:18
billyjeans wrote:
D.

I think A is wrong, because of the correct idiom should be "because of". D is concise.



"because of" suggests direction of the topic and "because an" is a specific cause about the topic ---thus A.
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Re: Because an oversupply of computer chips has sent prices [#permalink] New post 24 Nov 2013, 06:20
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goalsnr wrote:
Because an oversupply of computer chips has sent prices plunging, the manufacturer has announced that it will cut production by closing its factories for two days a month.

A. Because an oversupply of computer chips has sent prices plunging

B. Because of plunging prices for computer chips, which is due to an oversupply

C. Because computer chip prices have been sent plunging, which resulted from an oversupply

D. Due to plunging computer chip prices from an oversupply

E. Due to an oversupply, with the result that computer chip prices have been sent plunging


[Reveal] Spoiler:
I picked A on this one.But again there seem to be different OAs for this on the GMATCLUB. I am convinced by explanations by Vikram and Ak_IDC.
So lets open another can of worms :)


Trivikram

11-p257789?t=37246&hilit=Because+an+oversupply+of+computer+chips+has+sent+prices+plunging#p257789

ak_Idc

11-p257169?t=37246&hilit=Because+an+oversupply+of+computer+chips+has+sent+prices+plunging#p257169


Just to point out that GMAT usually does not like 'due to'

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Due to
Like
Being
if (vs. whether)
actually
... etc..

Hope it helps
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Re: Because an oversupply of computer chips has sent prices [#permalink] New post 27 Nov 2013, 00:43
[quote="goalsnr"]Because an oversupply of computer chips has sent prices plunging, the manufacturer has announced that it will cut production by closing its factories for two days a month.

A. Because an oversupply of computer chips has sent prices plunging

B. Because of plunging prices for computer chips, which is due to an oversupply

C. Because computer chip prices have been sent plunging, which resulted from an oversupply

D. Due to plunging computer chip prices from an oversupply

E. Due to an oversupply, with the result that computer chip prices have been sent plunging


in b, "which" can jump over a noun modifier to modify that noun, "prices". but the problem is "is" not "are"

in c, "which " can jump over a verb to modify a noun, "prices" (there are a question from gmatprep). But the problem is there is no logicness. "prices, which resuted from an oversupply" is meaningless. "which" clause can not modify a main clause, on gmat.

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Re: Because an oversupply of computer chips has sent prices [#permalink] New post 08 Jan 2014, 11:30
goalsnr wrote:
Because an oversupply of computer chips has sent prices plunging, the manufacturer has announced that it will cut production by closing its factories for two days a month.

A. Because an oversupply of computer chips has sent prices plunging

B. Because of plunging prices for computer chips, which is due to an oversupply

C. Because computer chip prices have been sent plunging, which resulted from an oversupply

D. Due to plunging computer chip prices from an oversupply

E. Due to an oversupply, with the result that computer chip prices have been sent plunging


Parallel structure: (has sent... has announced) and (plunging... closing).. So A is correct.
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Re: Because an oversupply of computer chips has sent prices [#permalink] New post 26 Apr 2014, 07:46
egmat wrote:
Hi,

Because an oversupply of computer chips has sent prices plunging, the manufacturer has announced that it will cut production by closing its factories for two days a month.

Image

I believe most of the people are confused because there has been some gap in understanding the meaning of the sentence. The sentence presents cause and effect. Cause: An oversupply of computer chips has sent prices plunging. Effect: The manufacturer has announced that it will cut production by closing its factories for two days a month.

Image

1) Use of “because” in the beginning of the sentence is correct to show the causal relationship of the first clause with the second.

2) Singular subject “oversupply” agrees in number with singular verb “has sent”. Note, that plural “computer chips” cannot be the subject as it lies in a prepositional phrase “oversupply of computer chips”. Since “oversupply” is the head of this prepositional phrase, it is the subject of the sentence.

3) The present perfect verb “has sent” in the first clause clearly indicates that the cause has already taken place. The present perfect verb “has announced” in the second clause also clearly states that the announcement has been made because of the plunging prices. Thus, there is no error in the sentence.

POE:

A) Because an oversupply of computer chips has sent prices plunging,: Correct. This choice is correct as is as pointed out in sentence analysis.

B) Because of plunging prices for computer chips, which is due to an oversupply: 1) Relative pronoun “which” refers to plural subject “prices”. But the following verb “is” is singular that does not agree in the number with its noun antecedent.
2) This choice is wordy.

C) Because computer chip prices have been sent plunging, which resulted from an oversupply: 1) Reference to “which” is vague. It is not clear whether it refers to the price that was there before plunging or to plunging price.
2) Passive voice unnecessarily makes the choice wordy.

D) Due to plunging computer chip prices from an oversupply: 1) The events here are not presented in the chronological order. The order of the events is: oversupply of chips, plunging prices and announcement by the manufacturer. But this choice states the order as: plunging prices, (due to) oversupply and announcement by the manufacturer. This change in order creates a bit confusion as to what happened first: plunging in prices or oversupply?

E) Due to an oversupply, with the result that computer chip prices have been sent plunging: 1) It is better to say, due to x, y happened rather than due to x what resulted in is y. This expression makes “with the result” redundant.
2) This choice is too wordy.

Image

1. Understand the logical intended meaning of the sentence.
2. Subject and verb must always agree in number.
3. Be vary of choices that are wordy and confusing.
4. Pronouns must have a clear referent.

Hope this helps.
Shraddha
Image



Hi Shraddha

Why is it that in choice B, the ",which" doesn't refer to the noun right before it -- chips? Does ",which" imply singular/plural?

Can ",which" in C refer to plunging at all or does it always have to refer to a noun and plunging is a gerund?

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Re: Because an oversupply of computer chips has sent prices [#permalink] New post 06 Jul 2014, 12:08
Can someone explain something to me?
In answer choice B, why does 'which' modify prices and not computer chips?
I was under the impression that which modifies the word immediately preceding it.

I get that A is the right answer, but don't fully get why the use of 'which' in B is wrong.
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Re: Because an oversupply of computer chips has sent prices [#permalink] New post 07 Jul 2014, 08:45
warriorsquared wrote:
Can someone explain something to me?
In answer choice B, why does 'which' modify prices and not computer chips?
I was under the impression that which modifies the word immediately preceding it.

Actually which always modifies the nearest grammatically eligible word preceding it.

B says: which is due to an oversupply...

Because of the presence of is (a singular verb), only singular nouns will be grammatically eligible to be modified by which. But here, there is no singular noun present (plunging prices and computer chips are both plural); hence which actually does not have any noun to modify here.

p.s. Our book SC Nirvana discusses the which and that pronouns, and what they modify, in significant detail. If you can PM you email, I can send you the corresponding section.

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Re: Because an oversupply of computer chips has sent prices [#permalink] New post 07 Jul 2014, 08:51
warriorsquared wrote:
Can someone explain something to me?
In answer choice B, why does 'which' modify prices and not computer chips?
I was under the impression that which modifies the word immediately preceding it.

I get that A is the right answer, but don't fully get why the use of 'which' in B is wrong.


Warrior, I hope you already read all article available here e-gmat-s-all-sc-topics-consolidated-144985.html

If not then read and understand them. :-D

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Re: Because an oversupply of computer chips has sent prices [#permalink] New post 07 Jul 2014, 12:30
Its A in 30 if you have developed the GMAT ear...All others sound a bit awkward..D too ..
And here 'Because' with the cause effect relationship quickly dethrones D from the contender spot..A it is

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Re: Because an oversupply of computer chips has sent prices [#permalink] New post 21 Jul 2014, 02:19
Expert's post
warriorsquared wrote:
Can someone explain something to me?
In answer choice B, why does 'which' modify prices and not computer chips?
I was under the impression that which modifies the word immediately preceding it.

I get that A is the right answer, but don't fully get why the use of 'which' in B is wrong.



Hi warriorsquared,
I don’t know whether you are looking for the reply or not, but here it is anyways. :)

You are correct in saying that the “which” modifier modifies the preceding noun, but it can also modify a slightly far away noun, depending on the context of the sentence. Let’s see how:

The sword of the great Tipu Sultan, which was used in the famous battle of Pollilur, resides in the Local Arts Museum.

In the above sentence, the modifier ‘which’ jumps over the prepositional phrase “of the great Tipu Sultan” to modify slightly far away noun ‘the sword’ since the prepositional phrase is modifying the noun “the sword” and hence it cannot be placed anywhere else in the sentence.

Let’s take two more examples:
The Hindi translation of this book, which was done by a prominent Hindi author, is one of the best Hindi translations till today. (‘which’ modifies ‘The Hindi translation’)


• The English translation of the book, which was originally written in Hindi, was done in 1998. (‘which’ modifies ‘the book’)

To learn more about how a noun modifier can modify a slightly far away noun, please refer to the following link:
noun-modifiers-can-modify-slightly-far-away-noun-135868.html#p1105003

Note that, when there are more than one possible antecedents for a pronoun, then we replace the pronoun by the possible antecedents one by one and check which one of the antecedents makes sense in the sentence.

Now, coming to your question, let’s replace “which” by “plunging prices” and “computer chips”:

• Because of plunging prices for computer chips, which is due to an oversupply, the manufacturer has announced that it will cut production by closing its factories for two days a month.

As we can see, it does not make sense to say “computer chips is due to an oversupply”. So, “which” cannot refer to “computer chips”.
Now, it makes sense to say “plunging prices is due to an oversupply”, but the subject verb pair does not agree in number. So, this is also incorrect. However, now we know that logically “which” can refer to plunging prices.



Hope this helps! :)
Deepak

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Re: Because an oversupply of computer chips has sent prices   [#permalink] 21 Jul 2014, 02:19
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