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Because no employee wants to be associated with bad news in

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Because no employee wants to be associated with bad news in [#permalink] New post 25 Jan 2013, 21:54
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A
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C
D
E

Difficulty:

  15% (low)

Question Stats:

96% (01:45) correct 4% (00:24) wrong based on 46 sessions
Because no employee wants to be associated with bad news in the eyes of a superior, information about serious problems at lower levels is progressively softened and distorted as it goes up each step in the management hierarchy. the chief executive is therefore, less well informed about problems at lower levels than are his or her subordinates at those levels.

The conclusion drawn above is based on the assumption that

a) problems should be solved at levels in the management hierarchy at which they occur
b) employees should be rewarded for accurately reporting problems to their superiors
c) problems-solving ability is more important at higher levels than it is at lower levels of the management hierarchy
d) chief executives obtain information about problems at lower levels from the no source other than their subordinates
e) some employees are more are concerned about truth than about the way they are perceived by their superiors

How to approach above question by e-gmat way?
How to make logical structure and then pre-think?

Regards,
Aristocrat
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: Because no employee wants to be associated [#permalink] New post 25 Jan 2013, 23:29
Expert's post
Aristocrat wrote:
Because no employee wants to be associated with bad news in the eyes of a superior, information about serious problems at lower levels is progressively softened and distorted as it goes up each step in the management hierarchy. the chief executive is therefore, less well informed about problems at lower levels than are his or her subordinates at those levels.

The conclusion drawn above is based on the assumption that

a) problems should be solved at levels in the management hierarchy at which they occur
b) employees should be rewarded for accurately reporting problems to their superiors
c) problems-solving ability is more important at higher levels than it is at lower levels of the management hierarchy
d) chief executives obtain information about problems at lower levels from the no source other than their subordinates
e) some employees are more are concerned about truth than about the way they are perceived by their superiors

How to approach above question by e-gmat way?
How to make logical structure and then pre-think?

Regards,
Aristocrat

A simple approach to assumption question can be:
Focus on the conclusion and the premise from which the conclusion is being led.
In this question, the premise just before the conclusion is :" information about serious problems at lower levels is progressively softened and distorted as it goes up each step in the management hierarchy"
The conclusion is: "the chief executive is therefore, less well informed about problems at lower levels than are his or her subordinates at those levels".
So you see how the author has jumped from that premise to the conclusion.
The missing statement is clearly the choice D.
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Re: Because no employee wants to be associated [#permalink] New post 03 Feb 2013, 18:15
Expert's post
Aristocrat wrote:
Because no employee wants to be associated with bad news in the eyes of a superior, information about serious problems at lower levels is progressively softened and distorted as it goes up each step in the management hierarchy. the chief executive is therefore, less well informed about problems at lower levels than are his or her subordinates at those levels.

The conclusion drawn above is based on the assumption that

a) problems should be solved at levels in the management hierarchy at which they occur
b) employees should be rewarded for accurately reporting problems to their superiors
c) problems-solving ability is more important at higher levels than it is at lower levels of the management hierarchy
d) chief executives obtain information about problems at lower levels from the no source other than their subordinates
e) some employees are more are concerned about truth than about the way they are perceived by their superiors

How to approach above question by e-gmat way?
How to make logical structure and then pre-think?

Regards,
Aristocrat


Hi,

The first step in the process is understanding the passage or drawing a logical structure. The argument structure is of the form A->B->C. Let's draw it:

No employee wants to be associated with bad news in the eyes of a superior ------------>>>> information about serious problems at lower levels is progressively softened and distorted as it goes up each step in the management hierarchy ----------------->>>>>>> the chief executive is less well informed about problems at lower levels than are his or her subordinates at those levels.

Does the argument make sense? It says that employees don't want to be associated with bad news; so, they distort the bad news when they report to higher levels. Now, this means that chief executive would be less well informed about problems than his juniors (this is because the distortion in information increase as the information travels up the heirarchy).

Now, in these kind of causal arguments A->B: we need to consider all the statements which could break this relationship and negation of such statements would be assumption (since our conclusion is that the relation A->B holds, so anything which prevents such relationship, we assume it not to be true)

Now, if you can pre-think an assumption in this case, do it; if not, just move on to the options. However, for understanding purpose, let's see how prethinking can be done here:

Is there a way chief executive knows as well as his juniors even though information is distorted as it travels up?

The answer could be that if he has some other source of information than his immediate juniors. In this case, he'll probably know as well or better than his juniors.

Therefore the assumption for the conclusion to hold, would be that Chief executive has no other source of information than his juniors.

This is what is expressed by option D, which is the correct choice.

Hope this helps :)

Thanks,
Chiranjeev
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Re: Because no employee wants to be associated [#permalink] New post 03 Feb 2013, 19:39
Aristocrat wrote:
Because no employee wants to be associated with bad news in the eyes of a superior, information about serious problems at lower levels is progressively softened and distorted as it goes up each step in the management hierarchy. the chief executive is therefore, less well informed about problems at lower levels than are his or her subordinates at those levels.

The conclusion drawn above is based on the assumption that

a) problems should be solved at levels in the management hierarchy at which they occur
b) employees should be rewarded for accurately reporting problems to their superiors
c) problems-solving ability is more important at higher levels than it is at lower levels of the management hierarchy
d) chief executives obtain information about problems at lower levels from the no source other than their subordinates
e) some employees are more are concerned about truth than about the way they are perceived by their superiors


I liked the explanation by e-GMAT. Adding to this..

The assumption here is a logic gap assumption.
An assumption is what is absolutely necessary for the conclusion to be true. In short, an assumption is a hidden premise that bridges the gap between the premises and the conclusion.
See how the premises jump to the conclusion here.

Premise 1.
No employee wants to be associated with bad news in the eyes of the superior.
Premise 2.
Hence, information about serious problems at lower levels is softened and distorted as it goes up the management ladder.
Conclusion:
The CEO is less well informed about the problems at lower level than the sub-ordinates at that levels.

Premises say that information is softened by sub-ordinates. Conclusion says that the CEO is less well informed that sub-ordinates. Does it not assume that CEO is not informed by any other means than his sub-ordinates? Option D opens up the answer for this question.
----------------------------
press kudos if this helps :)

Last edited by umeshpatil on 03 Feb 2013, 21:38, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Because no employee wants to be associated [#permalink] New post 03 Feb 2013, 21:24
Aristocrat wrote:
Because no employee wants to be associated with bad news in the eyes of a superior, information about serious problems at lower levels is progressively softened and distorted as it goes up each step in the management hierarchy. the chief executive is therefore, less well informed about problems at lower levels than are his or her subordinates at those levels.

The conclusion drawn above is based on the assumption that

a) problems should be solved at levels in the management hierarchy at which they occur
b) employees should be rewarded for accurately reporting problems to their superiors
c) problems-solving ability is more important at higher levels than it is at lower levels of the management hierarchy
d) chief executives obtain information about problems at lower levels from the no source other than their subordinates
e) some employees are more are concerned about truth than about the way they are perceived by their superiors

How to approach above question by e-gmat way?
How to make logical structure and then pre-think?

Regards,
Aristocrat


Premise:
Because no employee wants to be associated with bad news in the eyes of a superior, information about serious problems at lower levels is progressively softened and distorted as it goes up each step in the management hierarchy.

Conclusion: the chief executive is therefore, less well informed about problems at lower levels than are his or her subordinates at those levels.

Assumption: chief executive do not get the information about serious problems from any other source than subordinates.

Option: D states the same. You can confirm this option by Negation test as well.
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Re: Because no employee wants to be associated   [#permalink] 03 Feb 2013, 21:24
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