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# Because of less availability and greater demand for

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Because of less availability and greater demand for [#permalink]  18 Sep 2010, 02:45
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Because of less availability and greater demand for scientific research, platinum remains consistently expensive, like gold.

A. Because of less availability and greater demand for scientific research, platinum remains consistently expensive, like gold.
B. Because of less availability and increased demand for scientific research, platinum remains consistently expensive, like that of gold.
C. Because of decreased availability and increased demand in scientific research, platinum remains expensive, like gold.
D. Because of decreased availability and increased demand for scientific research, platinum remains expensive, like gold.
E. Because of decreased availability and greater demand in scientific research, platinum remains at a consistently high price, like that of gold.

I felt Option B was right

[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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Re: Platium/Gold Question [#permalink]  18 Sep 2010, 02:49
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I went for A. Wow! Tough One.

Lets break it down.

We can actually break the sentence into two.

Which is better?
Less Availabilty OR Decreased availablity.

Less availabilty means that it is not found in large quantities. But 'Low availability' would have been grammatically better and correct.
Decreased availabilty means that it was available in higher quantities in the past.

So we go for Decreased availability.

That leaves us with C,D,E

C. Because of decreased availability and increased demand in scientific research, platinum remains expensive, like gold.
D. Because of decreased availability and increased demand for scientific research, platinum remains expensive, like gold.
E. Because of decreased availability and greater demand in scientific research, platinum remains at a consistently high price, like that of gold.

Which is better?
'increased demand in' or 'increased demand for' or 'greater demand in'?

Increased demand for scientific research does not explicitly state that Platinum was in demand. It can also be understood as an increased demand for scientific research in general.

So we are left with C & E
'increased demand in' or 'greater demand in'?
Both clearly state that the research was for Platinum.

E is wordy when compared to C.
'consistently high price' can simply be substituted with 'expensive'.

So C is the correct answer.
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Re: Platium/Gold Question [#permalink]  18 Sep 2010, 12:27
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Increase and Decrease are used to express change over a period of time, the intent of Platinum less availability and greater demand indicate change over time
Use Greater or less only when comparison is required
that yields to choice C&D
Platinum remains expensive because of Decreased availability of Platinum IN Scientific Research" seems more reasonable than "Platinum remains expensive because of Increased Demand FOR Scientific research".
C is the right choice
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Re: Platium/Gold Question [#permalink]  20 Sep 2010, 08:25
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The question I believe is from Verbal Review - 2nd Edition.

demand in - correct idiom and makes sense in the current context.

demand for - incorrectly refers to the research.

use of 'like' is correct over here - since direct comparison is done between platinum and gold.

Hence C is the correct answer choice.

I hope this helps. Thanks.
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Re: Platium/Gold Question [#permalink]  21 Sep 2010, 07:06
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I got this wrong but i understand the correct option now.

A is out for using greater, which is used for comparison.

Between C and D.

"demand in scientific research" and "demand for scientific research"

The intent of the sentence is to say "the increased demand of platinum in scientific research" is making it expensive and not just the "increased demand for scientific research".

Hence C
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Re: Because of less availability and greater demand for [#permalink]  26 Apr 2012, 09:59
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Hi monir6000,

The answer to your question is ‘no’. Both the phrases “demand for” and “demand in” are correct. Their usage entirely depends on the context of the sentence as to what the sentence wants to communicate. Let’s take a few simple examples to understand the usage of these phrases.
1. Famine increases the demand for food supplies in the affected area.
Here, the use of “demand for” is correct because the sentence conveys the meaning that when famine takes place, it increases the demand for food supplies. So here we ask ourselves whose demand increases? The answer is of “food supplies”. Hence we say “demand for food supply”.

2. Oil demand in developed country probably peaked in 2005.
In this sentence “demand in” talks about the place where the demand for oil increased. When we say “demand in”, we need to mention the sphere where the demand for an entity has been affected.

Now let’s examine the sentence in question.

Because of less availability and greater demand for scientific research, platinum remains consistently expensive, like gold.
In this sentence, when we say “demand for scientific research”, it means that demand for scientific research has been increased. This is not the intended meaning of the sentence. The intended meaning is that demand for platinum has increased. In what sphere? In the sphere of scientific research. Hence, the correct phrase that should be used in this subject is “demand in” and not “demand for”.
Answer choices C and E correct that error. However, choice E remains incorrect because there is no referent for “that of”. There is nothing in the sentence that “that for” can stand for. Hence choice C is the correct answer.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.
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Re: Because of less availability and greater demand for [#permalink]  26 Apr 2012, 11:16
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tsheshraj wrote:
hi all,

i thought that the verb tenses decreased and increased were consistent in C which was another reason for me to select C. it means that both the decrease and increase are/have happened at the same time. secondly decreased and greater are not IIel to each other as opposed to decreased and increased.

am i right to assume this? can somebody explain?

Hi there,
If you notice carefully, “decreased” and “increased” are not verbs in this sentence. They are adjectives that are modifying nouns “availability” and “demand” respectively.
Now, the way this sentence has been written, we cannot say that the decrease in availability and increase in demand took place together. All we know is that platinum has decreased in availability and the demand for the metal has increased in research work.
You are correct in saying that “decreased availability” and “increased demand” are parallel.
Hope this helps.
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Re: Platium/Gold Question [#permalink]  18 Sep 2010, 03:12
Quite tricky...
They are referring to the metal's demand in scientific research, so that rules out all options that have for in them
Increase & decrease are used as opposites. Also, they are talking about the rise in demand, so increase/decrease is more appropriate than greater/lesser.
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Re: Platium/Gold Question [#permalink]  18 Sep 2010, 09:31
I fell for 'A'. This is quite tricky..But learnt something out of this question...THank you all!
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Re: Platium/Gold Question [#permalink]  18 Sep 2010, 09:48
Is "consistently" redundant here ?
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Re: Platium/Gold Question [#permalink]  20 Sep 2010, 04:49
It has to be C coz "demand in science is the right construction....and "decreased" must be followed by "increased" not greater
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Re: Platium/Gold Question [#permalink]  20 Sep 2010, 05:15
Nice question .... what's the source?
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Re: Platium/Gold Question [#permalink]  20 Sep 2010, 05:16
Nice question .... what's the source?
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Re: Platium/Gold Question [#permalink]  20 Sep 2010, 09:27
onedayill wrote:
Nice question .... what's the source?

Source - Manhattan GMAT CAT ques !!
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Re: Platium/Gold Question [#permalink]  29 Sep 2010, 05:31
Dreamy wrote:
Is "consistently" redundant here ?

yes, i do feel "consistently" is redundant here.
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Re: Platium/Gold Question [#permalink]  29 Sep 2010, 06:19
B and E went away first because of parallelism errors - less/increase and decreased/greater

A seems redundant with "remains consistently" and also "for" should be "in"

Narrowed it down to C and D and went with C because it had "demand in" and not "demand for"
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Re: Platium/Gold Question [#permalink]  01 Oct 2010, 02:21
hi, dont you think that 'less availability' and 'decreased availability' are two different things. Options C, D and E changes the meaning of the sentence, so between A and B, A seems better. I go for A.

Whats the OA?
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Re: Platium/Gold Question [#permalink]  01 Oct 2010, 06:09
sachinrelan wrote:
Because of less availability and greater demand for scientific research, platinum remains consistently expensive, like gold.

A. Because of less availability and greater demand for scientific research, platinum remains consistently expensive, like gold.
B. Because of less availability and increased demand for scientific research, platinum remains consistently expensive, like that of gold.
C. Because of decreased availability and increased demand in scientific research, platinum remains expensive, like gold.
D. Because of decreased availability and increased demand for scientific research, platinum remains expensive, like gold.
E. Because of decreased availability and greater demand in scientific research, platinum remains at a consistently high price, like that of gold.

I felt Option B was right

You can immediately eliminate A, B, and E, because the only correct form is "decreased availability and increased demand". The other choices aren't parallel or grammatically correct.

Between C and D, I chose D, but I do realize now that C is correct. I misread the sentence, thinking it was saying there's an increased demand for scientific research, but that doesn't make sense. C is the right answer.
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Re: Platium/Gold Question [#permalink]  07 Oct 2010, 21:47
fell for A
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Re: Platium/Gold Question [#permalink]  08 Oct 2010, 12:28
Criteria for elimination:
1) Demand for scientific research here is incorrect. "Because...research" is modifying platinum, so we are talking about the demand of platinum "in" scientific research. Eliminate A, B and D
2) like that of gold is incorrect. Had the sentence read as "the price of platinum is high like that of gold" in that case "like that of gold" would have been correct. However here the sentence reads as "platinum (like gold) is expensive". Eliminate E.

Re: Platium/Gold Question   [#permalink] 08 Oct 2010, 12:28

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