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Because of the recent developments in genetic replication

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Because of the recent developments in genetic replication [#permalink] New post 26 Nov 2012, 00:44
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Difficulty:

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Question Stats:

63% (02:07) correct 37% (01:27) wrong based on 204 sessions
Because of the recent developments in genetic replication and cloning, scientists are now able to create
super humans through genetic reproduction, retaining the most efficient genes of the current generation, altering
the genes that are responsible for currently known major diseases, and adding
new genes that will introduce
unique characteristics.

A:....
B: Because the recent developments in genetic replication and cloning, scientists are now able to create super humans
through genetic reproduction, retaining the most efficient genes of the current generation, altering of the genes that
is responsible for currently known major diseases, and addition of
C: Because of the recent developments in genetic replication and cloning, scientists are now able to create super
humans through genetic reproduction, retaining the most efficient genes of the current generation, alter the genes
that are responsible for currently known major diseases, and add
D: Due to the recent developments in genetic replication and cloning, scientists are now able to create super humans
through genetic reproduction, retain the most efficient genes of the current generation, alter the genes that are
responsible for currently known major diseases, and add
E: Due to the recent developments in genetic replication and cloning, scientists are now able to create super humans
through genetic reproduction and retain the most efficient genes of the current generation, altering the genes that are
responsible for currently known major diseases, and add

The underlined part of the sentence looks pretty long...
OA is
[Reveal] Spoiler:
just after discussions
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Last edited by pqhai on 20 Sep 2013, 15:26, edited 1 time in total.
OA added
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Re: Because of the recent developments in genetic replication [#permalink] New post 26 Nov 2012, 01:02
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gmatbull wrote:
Because of the recent developments in genetic replication and cloning, scientists are now able to create
super humans through genetic reproduction, retaining the most efficient genes of the current generation, altering
the genes that are responsible for currently known major diseases, and adding
new genes that will introduce
unique characteristics.

A:....
B: Because the recent developments in genetic replication and cloning, scientists are now able to create super humans
through genetic reproduction, retaining the most efficient genes of the current generation, altering of the genes that
is responsible for currently known major diseases, and addition of
C: Because of the recent developments in genetic replication and cloning, scientists are now able to create super
humans through genetic reproduction, retaining the most efficient genes of the current generation, alter the genes
that are responsible for currently known major diseases, and add
D: Due to the recent developments in genetic replication and cloning, scientists are now able to create super humans
through genetic reproduction, retain the most efficient genes of the current generation, alter the genes that are
responsible for currently known major diseases, and add
E: Due to the recent developments in genetic replication and cloning, scientists are now able to create super humans
through genetic reproduction and retain the most efficient genes of the current generation, altering the genes that are
responsible for currently known major diseases, and add

The underlined part of the sentence looks pretty long...
OA is
[Reveal] Spoiler:
just after discussions



The logic of the sentence:
Scientists are able to create super humans because of the advancement in technology. The scientists :
i) are able to craete super humans
ii) alter genes that previously used to be responsible for major diseases.
iii) add new genes that can provide new characteristics.

In D and E, if you replace "due to" with "caused by" then a modifier issue becomes visible. Scientists are not caused by the advancement in technology. Items of the list are not parallel.
B lacks "of". Very weird. The items of the list are not parallel.
In A, though my initial choice seems weird because it contains ing verbs in a list. So they imply that the traits are the result of each other.

c is the choice.
Good question.
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Re: Because of the recent developments in genetic replication [#permalink] New post 26 Nov 2012, 01:24
Hey,

GooD way of eliminating choice D and E.can we replace 'due to' with 'caused by' every time to check for the modifier issue.
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Re: Because of the recent developments in genetic replication [#permalink] New post 26 Nov 2012, 01:44
Expert's post
saggii27 wrote:
Hey,

GooD way of eliminating choice D and E.can we replace 'due to' with 'caused by' every time to check for the modifier issue.


Yes. Whenever you see "due to", just replace it "caused by" and analyze whether the modifier has no placing issues.
hope that helps.
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Re: Because of the recent developments in genetic replication [#permalink] New post 26 Nov 2012, 06:04
hey guys wats up?

I'm some what inclined to answer choice A.
I think the structure is Because of X, scientists are able to do Y
sub-ordinate to the main action / embedded in the main action , that is creating super humans, are 3 actions ->
1/ retaining the most efficient genes
2/ altering the genes
3/adding new genes

What the OA GMATBULL?
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Re: Because of the recent developments in genetic replication [#permalink] New post 26 Nov 2012, 06:38
Expert's post
Hii JP.
Long time huh?
Anyways, why do you think C is wrong.
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Re: Because of the recent developments in genetic replication [#permalink] New post 26 Nov 2012, 06:52
Because of the recent developments in genetic replication and cloning, scientists are now able to create
super humans through genetic reproduction, retaining the most efficient genes of the current generation, altering
the genes that are responsible for currently known major diseases, and adding
new genes that will introduce
unique characteristics.

A:....Correct
B: Because the recent developments in genetic replication and cloning, scientists are now able to create super humans
through genetic reproduction, retaining the most efficient genes of the current generation, altering of the genes that
is responsible for currently known major diseases, and addition of
Should be because of
C: Because of the recent developments in genetic replication and cloning, scientists are now able to create super
humans through genetic reproduction, retaining the most efficient genes of the current generation, alter the genes
that are responsible for currently known major diseases, and add
create superhuman by retaining...altering...adding (parallelism for these 3 elements is needed
D: Due to the recent developments in genetic replication and cloning, scientists are now able to create super humans
through genetic reproduction, retain the most efficient genes of the current generation, alter the genes that are
responsible for currently known major diseases, and add
somewhat modifies meaning- they create by retaining.... This suggests they do all of these. the relationship of of X by Y,Z,W is lost
E: Due to the recent developments in genetic replication and cloning, scientists are now able to create super humans
through genetic reproduction and retain the most efficient genes of the current generation, altering the genes that are
responsible for currently known major diseases, and add
somewhat modifies meaning- they create,retain.... altering seem to modify retain incorrectly. the relationship of of X by Y,Z,W is lost


IMO, answer is A.
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Re: Because of the recent developments in genetic replication [#permalink] New post 26 Nov 2012, 06:54
IMO A.
Scientists create super humans by:
- retaining
-altering
-adding

C changes the level of parallel list.
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Re: Because of the recent developments in genetic replication [#permalink] New post 26 Nov 2012, 09:27
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Vineetk wrote:
IMO A.
Scientists create super humans by:
- retaining
-altering
-adding

C changes the level of parallel list.


Hii Vineet,
Why do you think that C changes the level of parallel list. It is grammatically correct, but implies a different meaning. In fact, initially I posted A only but I really felt C to be better.
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Re: Because of the recent developments in genetic replication [#permalink] New post 26 Nov 2012, 11:02
Rightly pointed by jP C has parallelism issues it should be "retain" not retaining....whereas A has ing form of all the verbs.
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Re: Because of the recent developments in genetic replication [#permalink] New post 26 Nov 2012, 11:13
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A) Because of the recent developments in genetic replication and cloning, scientists are now able to create
super humans through genetic reproduction, retaining the most efficient genes of the current generation, altering
the genes that are responsible for currently known major diseases, and adding new genes that will introduce
unique characteristics.
As chosen by all others, so no need to clarify.

Here is my take for C.
Because of the recent developments in genetic replication and cloning, scientists are now able to create super
humans through genetic reproduction, retaining the most efficient genes of the current generation, alter the genes
that are responsible for currently known major diseases, and add new genes that will introduce unique characteristics.

Scientists are now able to:-
i)create super humans through genetic reproduction, retaining the most efficient genes of the current generation. The second clause is a direct result of the preceding clause.
ii)alter the genes that are responsible for currently known major diseases.
iii)add new genes that will introduce unique characteristics.

How on earth can C has parallelism issues.
The only chance of C being incorrect will be if "retaining the most efficient genes of the current generation" is not a consequence of "scientists are now able to create super humans through genetic reproduction". This can only be the reason. There is no issue with parallelism here at all.
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Re: Because of the recent developments in genetic replication [#permalink] New post 26 Nov 2012, 11:39
When two or three verbs are discussed in a sentence, they all need to be in same verb form retaining is the participle form whereas others are not
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Re: Because of the recent developments in genetic replication [#permalink] New post 26 Nov 2012, 11:58
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Archit143 wrote:
When two or three verbs are discussed in a sentence, they all need to be in same verb form retaining is the participle form whereas others are not


Retaining is in participle form because it is the effect of the preceding clause.
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Re: Because of the recent developments in genetic replication [#permalink] New post 26 Nov 2012, 15:21
Marcab wrote:
Archit143 wrote:
When two or three verbs are discussed in a sentence, they all need to be in same verb form retaining is the participle form whereas others are not


Retaining is in participle form because it is the effect of the preceding clause.

It could be very easy to fall prey in situations like this.

The original sentence-logically and meaning wise- is correct as stated.

A: Scientists are able to
(i) create super humans:
- retaining
- altering, and
- adding
Scientists did only 1 thing; the other 3 items are sub-ordinates to (consequences of) what scientists did.

C: scientists are able to
(i) create super human
- retaining the most efficient genes
(ii) alter the genes, and
(iii) add new genes
Suggests scientists did 3 things equal and parallel...

C is correct grammatically, but the logic of the sentence is changed from that of the original question.
If the original sentence is grammatically correct, go with the logic
If another option is grammatically sound, it will definitely change the meaning and thus wrong.
I don't think there can be 2 correct answers-just go with the original.

Pls let me know if this makes any sense.
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Re: Because of the recent developments in genetic replication [#permalink] New post 26 Nov 2012, 23:09
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I feel that A and C are grammatically and logically correct.
But while choosing A as the OA, why should one leave out C.
Bull, please post the OE.
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Re: Because of the recent developments in genetic replication [#permalink] New post 26 Nov 2012, 23:52
Marcab wrote:
I feel that A and C are grammatically and logically correct.
But while choosing A as the OA, why should one leave out C.
Bull, please post the OE.


Hi Marcab,

You are absolutely right that A & C are grammatically and logically correct but they both have different parallel list and thus, different meaning.

We have to stick to the intended meaning provided in original sentence and A does that while C changes the meaning and the list.
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Re: Because of the recent developments in genetic replication [#permalink] New post 26 Nov 2012, 23:58
Expert's post
Vineetk wrote:
Marcab wrote:
I feel that A and C are grammatically and logically correct.
But while choosing A as the OA, why should one leave out C.
Bull, please post the OE.


Hi Marcab,

You are absolutely right that A & C are grammatically and logically correct but they both have different parallel list and thus, different meaning.

We have to stick to the intended meaning provided in original sentence and A does that while C changes the meaning and the list.


Bro.
I agree to your opinion that we should stick to the idea of retaining the intended meaning. However, when I raised this issue of intending meaning to Tommy Wallach on Facebook, he told me that A should not be treated as if it has the original meaning. In fact, he pointed out that there is no such thing as "intended meaning". Thats why I am getting confused over what to retain and what not to.
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Re: Because of the recent developments in genetic replication [#permalink] New post 27 Nov 2012, 00:06
Marcab wrote:
Vineetk wrote:
Marcab wrote:
I feel that A and C are grammatically and logically correct.
But while choosing A as the OA, why should one leave out C.
Bull, please post the OE.


Hi Marcab,

You are absolutely right that A & C are grammatically and logically correct but they both have different parallel list and thus, different meaning.

We have to stick to the intended meaning provided in original sentence and A does that while C changes the meaning and the list.


Bro.
I agree to your opinion that we should stick to the idea of retaining the intended meaning. However, when I raised this issue of intending meaning to Tommy Wallach on Facebook, he told me that A should not be treated as if it has the original meaning. In fact, he pointed out that there is no such thing as "intended meaning". Thats why I am getting confused over what to retain and what not to.


I can't comment on that but what egmat taught me was to first dissect original sentence to understand the meaning and to find the mistakes (if any) and then proceed to answer choices. Finally, chose the best answer that conveys the meaning clearly and precisely. In fact the course ask us to follow the meaning as a lot of difficult questions will have more than one grammatically correct answer but only one that conveys the meaning.

I will try and find few questions that focuses on meaning.
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Re: Because of the recent developments in genetic replication [#permalink] New post 27 Nov 2012, 00:36
@Marcab- found one, here it goes:

DARPA's Falcon Hypersonic Technology Vehicle can fly as fast as 6X the speed of sound and can attack a target 2000 miles away in 30 minutes, its engine's thrust prevented from dissipating in the stratosphere by its conical unibody design.

A. its engine's thrust prevented from dissipating in the stratosphere by its conical unibody design.
B. preventing its engine's thrust in the stratosphere because of its conical unibody design.
C. preventing the dissipation of its engine's thrust in the stratosphere due to its conical unibody design.
D. prevented its engine's thrust from being dissipated in the stratosphere by its conical unibody design.
E. its engine's thrust is prevented from being dissipated in the stratosphere because of its conical unibody design.
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Re: Because of the recent developments in genetic replication [#permalink] New post 27 Nov 2012, 01:18
Because of the recent developments in genetic replication and cloning, scientists are now able to create super humans through genetic reproduction
(the next three clauses answer how scientists are able to create super humans)
1.by retaining the most efficient genes of the current generation
2.by altering the genes that are responsible for currently known major diseases
3.by adding new genes that will introduce unique characteristics.

IMO A.
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Re: Because of the recent developments in genetic replication   [#permalink] 27 Nov 2012, 01:18
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