Before its independence in 1947, Britain ruled India as a : GMAT Sentence Correction (SC)
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# Before its independence in 1947, Britain ruled India as a

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Before its independence in 1947, Britain ruled India as a [#permalink]

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23 Feb 2011, 08:57
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Before its independence in 1947, Britain ruled India as a colony and they would relinquish power only after a long struggle by the native people.

A)Before its independence in 1947, Britain ruled India as a colony and they would relinquish power
B) Before independence in 1947, Britain had ruled India as a colony and relinquished power
C) Before its independence in 1947, India was ruled by Britain as a colony and they relinquished power
D) Before independence in 1947, India had been ruled as a colony by Britain, which relinquished power
E) Before independence in 1947, India had been a colony of the British, who relinquished power
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23 Feb 2011, 09:14
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A) Before its independence in 1947, Britain ruled India as a colony and they would relinquish power ….. misplaced modification, India should come after modifier phrase
B) Before independence in 1947, Britain had ruled India as a colony and relinquished power ...... same as A
C) Before its independence in 1947, India was ruled by Britain as a colony and they relinquished power … correct modification but ambiguous pronoun ‘they’
D) before independence in 1947, India had been ruled as a colony by Britain, which relinquished power ----- ‘had been ruled as a colony by Britain’ is round about.
E) Before independence in 1947, India had been a colony of the British, who relinquished power…….’had been a colony of the British’ is more forthright.

E the choice
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23 Feb 2011, 09:17
I was in doubt between D and E. Chose D
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23 Feb 2011, 15:12
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haha...this question favours Indians
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23 Feb 2011, 16:59
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After "Before its independence in 1947", India -> "India" should be placed immediately after the modifier.
A and B out

C, D and E remain.
C, D - "by" hence both passive. out
E has to be the answer.
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24 Feb 2011, 21:17
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I stopped for a few secs before choosing E between D & E.

Do you consider Britain a country or people! I preferred latter. 'ruled as a colony' sounds a bit awkward.
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28 Feb 2011, 03:32
i too narrowed down to D and E, why is WHO > WHICH ?
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28 Feb 2011, 04:28
I think "ruled as a colony" in choice D is lengthy and redundant, so E is preferable.
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Re: Before its independence in 1947, Britain ruled India as a [#permalink]

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04 Jun 2012, 18:02
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It is E

D) Before independence in 1947, India had been ruled as a colony by Britain, which relinquished power- Had been rule as colony is indirect
E) Before independence in 1947, India had been a colony of the British, who relinquished power- "Had been a colony" is direct and Gmat likes direct sentence.
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Re: Before its independence in 1947, Britain ruled India as a [#permalink]

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20 Sep 2013, 09:36
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Re: Before its independence in 1947, Britain ruled India as a [#permalink]

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21 Sep 2013, 03:11
gmatfighter12 wrote:
It is E

D) Before independence in 1947, India had been ruled as a colony by Britain, which relinquished power- Had been rule as colony is indirect
E) Before independence in 1947, India had been a colony of the British, who relinquished power- "Had been a colony" is direct and Gmat likes direct sentence.

Something additional here which cannot refer to people, it can refer to things. So D is incorrect and E is correct.
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Re: Before its independence in 1947, Britain ruled India as a [#permalink]

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28 Oct 2013, 18:57
why D is wrong?. I think "which" in D is correct.

if we can not explain why D is wrong, we have to accepat that D is correct and this question is not good.
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Re: Before its independence in 1947, Britain ruled India as a [#permalink]

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28 Oct 2013, 21:48
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vietmoi999 wrote:
why D is wrong?. I think "which" in D is correct.

if we can not explain why D is wrong, we have to accepat that D is correct and this question is not good.

I agree with your statement...we need to find ways to eliminate the incorrect answers. Let's talk about D. As was stated, the wording "ruled as a colony by Britain" is indirect/wordy language that the GMAT does not like. Additionally, using that wording creates a potential meaning where India isn't even a colony, just that is was ruled as if it were a colony. Choice E clearly states that India was actually a British colony. Back to meaning issues with choice D, you could also interpret from that wording that India was a colony "next to" Britain.

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Re: Before its independence in 1947, Britain ruled India as a [#permalink]

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28 Oct 2013, 21:53
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ramannanda9 wrote:
gmatfighter12 wrote:
It is E

D) Before independence in 1947, India had been ruled as a colony by Britain, which relinquished power- Had been rule as colony is indirect
E) Before independence in 1947, India had been a colony of the British, who relinquished power- "Had been a colony" is direct and Gmat likes direct sentence.

Something additional here which cannot refer to people, it can refer to things. So D is incorrect and E is correct.

Be careful here. Choice D mentions Britain the country, not the people inside the country, so we can correctly use "which". Choice E changes Britain to British, referring now to the people of Britain (use of "who" is now appropriate).

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Re: Before its independence in 1947, Britain ruled India as a [#permalink]

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05 Nov 2014, 10:28
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Re: Before its independence in 1947, Britain ruled India as a [#permalink]

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31 Mar 2015, 03:12
Haha i wonder that i should know who got independence in 1947 - India or Britain?=)))
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Re: Before its independence in 1947, Britain ruled India as a [#permalink]

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31 Mar 2015, 06:08
Haha...it's certainly faster when you know about the relationship between Britain and India...this question probably does favor Indians a bit.

GMAT questions are designed to be self-evident, meaning that you don't need outside information to understand the proper meaning. This question is the same - you can determine the proper relationship between the countries based on who "ruled".

KW
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Re: Before its independence in 1947, Britain ruled India as a [#permalink]

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31 Mar 2015, 14:23
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Re: Before its independence in 1947, Britain ruled India as a [#permalink]

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29 Sep 2015, 04:08
garimavyas wrote:
i too narrowed down to D and E, why is WHO > WHICH ?

E is favored for the main part of the sentence.... but this doubt of Who v/s which is creating a niggling doubt.... Is it a trick or am i missing something... ?
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Re: Before its independence in 1947, Britain ruled India as a [#permalink]

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19 Oct 2015, 04:42
pr31 wrote:
garimavyas wrote:
i too narrowed down to D and E, why is WHO > WHICH ?

E is favored for the main part of the sentence.... but this doubt of Who v/s which is creating a niggling doubt.... Is it a trick or am i missing something... ?

See the posts above for the issues with D - they are related to meaning and don't have anything to do with 'which'. On this question both who and which are used correctly therefore one is not greater than another.

KW
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Re: Before its independence in 1947, Britain ruled India as a   [#permalink] 19 Oct 2015, 04:42

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