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Before its independence in 1947, Britain ruled India as a

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Before its independence in 1947, Britain ruled India as a [#permalink] New post 23 Feb 2011, 08:57
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Question Stats:

51% (02:51) correct 49% (00:54) wrong based on 318 sessions
Before its independence in 1947, Britain ruled India as a colony and they would relinquish power only after a long struggle by the native people.

A)Before its independence in 1947, Britain ruled India as a colony and they would relinquish power
B) Before independence in 1947, Britain had ruled India as a colony and relinquished power
C) Before its independence in 1947, India was ruled by Britain as a colony and they relinquished power
D) Before independence in 1947, India had been ruled as a colony by Britain, which relinquished power
E) Before independence in 1947, India had been a colony of the British, who relinquished power
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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Re: Another 700+ question [#permalink] New post 23 Feb 2011, 09:14
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A) Before its independence in 1947, Britain ruled India as a colony and they would relinquish power ….. misplaced modification, India should come after modifier phrase
B) Before independence in 1947, Britain had ruled India as a colony and relinquished power ...... same as A
C) Before its independence in 1947, India was ruled by Britain as a colony and they relinquished power … correct modification but ambiguous pronoun ‘they’
D) before independence in 1947, India had been ruled as a colony by Britain, which relinquished power ----- ‘had been ruled as a colony by Britain’ is round about.
E) Before independence in 1947, India had been a colony of the British, who relinquished power…….’had been a colony of the British’ is more forthright.


E the choice
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Re: Another 700+ question [#permalink] New post 23 Feb 2011, 09:17
I was in doubt between D and E. Chose D :(
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Re: Another 700+ question [#permalink] New post 23 Feb 2011, 15:12
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haha...this question favours Indians ;)
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Re: Another 700+ question [#permalink] New post 23 Feb 2011, 16:59
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After "Before its independence in 1947", India -> "India" should be placed immediately after the modifier.
A and B out

C, D and E remain.
C, D - "by" hence both passive. out
E has to be the answer.
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Re: Another 700+ question [#permalink] New post 24 Feb 2011, 21:17
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I stopped for a few secs before choosing E between D & E.

Do you consider Britain a country or people! I preferred latter. 'ruled as a colony' sounds a bit awkward.
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Re: Another 700+ question [#permalink] New post 28 Feb 2011, 03:32
i too narrowed down to D and E, why is WHO > WHICH ?
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Re: Another 700+ question [#permalink] New post 28 Feb 2011, 04:28
I think "ruled as a colony" in choice D is lengthy and redundant, so E is preferable.
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Re: Before its independence in 1947, Britain ruled India as a [#permalink] New post 04 Jun 2012, 18:02
It is E

D) Before independence in 1947, India had been ruled as a colony by Britain, which relinquished power- Had been rule as colony is indirect
E) Before independence in 1947, India had been a colony of the British, who relinquished power- "Had been a colony" is direct and Gmat likes direct sentence.
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Re: Before its independence in 1947, Britain ruled India as a [#permalink] New post 20 Sep 2013, 09:36
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Re: Before its independence in 1947, Britain ruled India as a [#permalink] New post 21 Sep 2013, 03:11
gmatfighter12 wrote:
It is E

D) Before independence in 1947, India had been ruled as a colony by Britain, which relinquished power- Had been rule as colony is indirect
E) Before independence in 1947, India had been a colony of the British, who relinquished power- "Had been a colony" is direct and Gmat likes direct sentence.


Something additional here which cannot refer to people, it can refer to things. So D is incorrect and E is correct.
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Re: Before its independence in 1947, Britain ruled India as a [#permalink] New post 28 Oct 2013, 18:57
why D is wrong?. I think "which" in D is correct.

if we can not explain why D is wrong, we have to accepat that D is correct and this question is not good.
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Re: Before its independence in 1947, Britain ruled India as a [#permalink] New post 28 Oct 2013, 21:48
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vietmoi999 wrote:
why D is wrong?. I think "which" in D is correct.

if we can not explain why D is wrong, we have to accepat that D is correct and this question is not good.


I agree with your statement...we need to find ways to eliminate the incorrect answers. Let's talk about D. As was stated, the wording "ruled as a colony by Britain" is indirect/wordy language that the GMAT does not like. Additionally, using that wording creates a potential meaning where India isn't even a colony, just that is was ruled as if it were a colony. Choice E clearly states that India was actually a British colony. Back to meaning issues with choice D, you could also interpret from that wording that India was a colony "next to" Britain.

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Re: Before its independence in 1947, Britain ruled India as a [#permalink] New post 28 Oct 2013, 21:53
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ramannanda9 wrote:
gmatfighter12 wrote:
It is E

D) Before independence in 1947, India had been ruled as a colony by Britain, which relinquished power- Had been rule as colony is indirect
E) Before independence in 1947, India had been a colony of the British, who relinquished power- "Had been a colony" is direct and Gmat likes direct sentence.


Something additional here which cannot refer to people, it can refer to things. So D is incorrect and E is correct.


Be careful here. Choice D mentions Britain the country, not the people inside the country, so we can correctly use "which". Choice E changes Britain to British, referring now to the people of Britain (use of "who" is now appropriate).

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Re: Before its independence in 1947, Britain ruled India as a   [#permalink] 28 Oct 2013, 21:53
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