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Before its independence in 1947, Britain ruled India as a

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Before its independence in 1947, Britain ruled India as a [#permalink] New post 19 Sep 2012, 10:18
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  45% (medium)

Question Stats:

51% (01:54) correct 49% (00:47) wrong based on 53 sessions
Before its independence in 1947, Britain ruled India as a colony and they would relinquish power only after a long struggle by the native people.
A Before its independence in 1947, Britain ruled India as a colony and they would relinquish power
B Before independence in 1947, Britain had ruled India as a colony and relinquished power
C Before its independence in 1947, India was ruled by Britain as a colony and they relinquished power
D Before independence in 1947, India had been ruled as a colony by Britain, which relinquished power
E Before independence in 1947, India had been a colony of the British, who relinquished power

Explanations please
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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Re: Before its independence in 1947, Britain ruled India as [#permalink] New post 19 Sep 2012, 11:33
Before its independence in 1947, Britain ruled India as a colony and they would relinquish power only after a long struggle by the native people.

"Before its independence in 1947" is modifying Britain here which is wrong.Also "its" should have a clear antecedent,which should be in possessive form as the pronoun is.

So we have (D) and (E) now.Between (D) and (E) there is no grammatical mistake but (E) is more precise.
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Re: Before its independence in 1947, Britain ruled India as [#permalink] New post 24 Sep 2012, 06:08
The key to unlocking this question is in the modifier ‘Before its independence in 1947’. Who was independent? India became independent, therefore India needs to be beside the modifier. This eliminates A and B.
Then by POE –
C – ‘they’ has no obvious antecedent.
D – to say ruled as a colony is redundant. It would be more efficient to say ‘was ruled by’ or ‘was a colony’.
E – Correct
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Re: Before its independence in 1947, Britain ruled India as [#permalink] New post 24 Sep 2012, 10:19
Between choice D and E. Choice E is better because ruled and colony in choice D is redundant.
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Re: Before its independence in 1947, Britain ruled India as a [#permalink] New post 25 Sep 2012, 02:36
Eliminate A,B- Modifier error
C-Pronoun inconsistency- they refers to whom?
D-Rules as acolony is somewhat awkward and also the use of which
E- here who refers to the briish. The modifier is also appropriate

+1 for E
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Re: Before its independence in 1947, Britain ruled India as a   [#permalink] 25 Sep 2012, 02:36
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