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# Before the Civil War, Harriet Tubman, herself an escaped

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Before the Civil War, Harriet Tubman, herself an escaped [#permalink]

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08 Jul 2012, 02:35
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172. Before the Civil War, Harriet Tubman, herself an escaped slave, returned again and again to Maryland to guide other slaves along the Underground Railroad to freedom.
(A) herself an escaped slave, returned again and again to Maryland to guide
(B) being an escaped slave herself, returned again and again to Maryland so as to guide
(C) an escaped slave herself, returned again and again to Maryland for guiding
(D) herself as an escaped slave, returned again and again to Maryland so as to be the guide of
(E) who had been herself as an escaped slave, returned again and again to Maryland for the guiding of

plz suggest an explanation along with ur ans
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Last edited by dentobizz on 07 Oct 2013, 12:54, edited 1 time in total.
question wasn't underlined
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Re: Before the Civil War, Harriet Tubman, herself an escaped [#permalink]

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25 Jul 2012, 09:31
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Expert's post
yashii9 wrote:
Please pour in more suggestions. This one is tricky. I might not have brainstormed so much on the D-Day and would have picked up C

Hi there,

Look at these sentences:

Harriet Tubman was an escaped slave herself. Correct

Harriet Tubman herself was an escaped slave. Correct

Now, we are just removing the verb “was” from both the sentences to turn the remaining of the portion in to a modifier:

Harriet Tubman, an escaped slave herself, helped other black slaves to fight for freedom. Correct

Harriet Tubman, herself an escaped slave, helped other black slaves to fight for freedom. Correct

Now between choices A and C, Choice A is better because it correctly uses the “to verb” – “to guide”. We use “to verb” to denote the purpose of the preceding action. Tubman kept coming back to Maryland for a purpose. She kept returning “to guide” other slaves.

Examine the sentences below:
a. Rabindranath won Nobel Prize to write Gitanjali. Incorrect
b. Rabindranath won Nobel Prize for writing Gitanjali. Correct

Sentence a is incorrect because the sentence now suggests that Rabindranath won Nobel with the purpose of writing Gitanjali. This meaning is absolutely illogical. Sentence b corrects this error and clearly conveys that he won Nobel for writing Gitanjali.

Also, click on the following link to understand the difference in the usage of “to verb” and “for verb-ing” with a couple of official example sentences (read the 11th reply in the thread):
usage-of-verb-ing-modifiers-135220.html#p1101074

Hope this helps.
Thanks
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Re: Before the Civil War, Harriet Tubman, herself an escaped [#permalink]

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24 Jul 2012, 19:36
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172. Before the Civil War, Harriet Tubman, herself an escaped slave, returned again and again to Maryland to guide other slaves along the Underground Railroad to freedom.

(A) herself an escaped slave, returned again and again to Maryland to guide

Correct

(B) being an escaped slave herself, returned again and again to Maryland so as to guide

'Being' distorts the meaning.

(C) an escaped slave herself, returned again and again to Maryland for guiding

(D) herself as an escaped slave, returned again and again to Maryland so as to be the guide of

'to be the guide of' distorts the original meaning

(E) who had been herself as an escaped slave, returned again and again to Maryland for the guiding of

meaning distortion

Between A and C, I chose A because of 'for guiding vs to guide'.
The meaning of the sentence is as follows.

Harriet escaped.
He was a slave.
He returned to Maryland again and again. - sounds like He returned for some reason other than the escape.

'To guide' sounds better because Harriet escaped in order to guide other slaves.
'For guiding' sounds like he came back and just guided other slaves rather than the objective.
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Re: Before the Civil War, Harriet Tubman, herself an escaped [#permalink]

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25 Jul 2012, 04:34
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172. Before the Civil War, Harriet Tubman, herself an escaped slave, returned again and again to Maryland to guide other slaves along the Underground Railroad to freedom.
(A) herself an escaped slave, returned again and again to Maryland to guide
(B) being an escaped slave herself, returned again and again to Maryland so as to guide
(C) an escaped slave herself, returned again and again to Maryland for guiding
(D) herself as an escaped slave, returned again and again to Maryland so as to be the guide of
(E) who had been herself as an escaped slave, returned again and again to Maryland for the guiding of

Tricky Question

It's easier to look at the end of each statement and eliminate B,D & E

Between A and C it gets tricky.

to the best of my knowledge "for guiding" should be treated as correct as "to guide" the difference is only of gerund and infinitive. If someone knows why a gerund is grammatically incorrect here, plz throw some light on this.

Between A and C , lets look at the start of the sentences. We know herself,himself or myself are used as objects not subjects. Also they are correct when they can be replaced with HIm,Her etc. (This is as per OG -12)

Lets re-write A and C-

Her an escaped slave
an escaped slave her

A stands out. Which refers back to Harriet Tubman. This could be one approach.

Please pour in more suggestions. This one is tricky. I might not have brainstormed so much on the D-Day and would have picked up C
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08 Jul 2012, 10:28
returned to Guide-seems more logical
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Re: Before the Civil War, Harriet Tubman, herself an escaped [#permalink]

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24 Jul 2012, 12:36
Folks can we have some discussion over this problem...

I chose C because "an escaped slave" is directly modifying " Harriet Tubman". Whats wrong in that?
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Re: Before the Civil War, Harriet Tubman, herself an escaped [#permalink]

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25 Jul 2012, 05:10
First thing to note is that, when there is a purpose to achieve, it is idiomatic to choose the infinitive rather than the gerund

(A) herself an escaped slave, returned again and again to Maryland to guide … keep this; seems ok
(B) being an escaped slave herself, returned again and again to Maryland so as to guide --- and so as to guide- is wrong idiom – so adjective as to is the right idiom.
(C) an escaped slave herself, returned again and again to Maryland for guiding ---- for guiding is unidiomatic in this context
(D) herself as an escaped slave, returned again and again to Maryland so as to be the guide of …. So as to be the guide; wrong use of idiom.
(E) who had been herself as an escaped slave, returned again and again to Maryland for the guiding of --- for the guiding of is wrong; had bee is wrong ; she was still an escaped slave at the time of writing this
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Re: Before the Civil War, Harriet Tubman, herself an escaped [#permalink]

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07 Oct 2013, 12:39
maybeam wrote:
172. Before the Civil War, Harriet Tubman, herself an escaped slave, returned again and again to Maryland to guide other slaves along the Underground Railroad to freedom.
(A) herself an escaped slave, returned again and again to Maryland to guide
(B) being an escaped slave herself, returned again and again to Maryland so as to guide
(C) an escaped slave herself, returned again and again to Maryland for guiding
(D) herself as an escaped slave, returned again and again to Maryland so as to be the guide of
(E) who had been herself as an escaped slave, returned again and again to Maryland for the guiding of

plz suggest an explanation along with ur ans

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Re: Before the Civil War, Harriet Tubman, herself an escaped   [#permalink] 07 Oct 2013, 12:39
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