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Besides adding complementary flavors to many foods, hot

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Besides adding complementary flavors to many foods, hot [#permalink] New post 19 Jun 2010, 02:36
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Besides adding complementary flavors to many foods, hot sauces stimulate the release of endorphins in the brain, just as exercise does, and these have a pain-relieving effect like morphine's.
A. hot sauces stimulate the release of endorphins in the brain, just as exercise does,
and these have a pain-relieving effect like morphine's
B. hot sauces stimulate the release of endorphins in the brain, like exercise, and they
have a pain-relieving effect that is like morphine
C. hot sauces and exercise both stimulate the release of endorphins in the brain, and
they have a pain-relieving effect like morphine
D. the release of endorphins in the brain is stimulated both by hot sauces and
exercise, and they have a pain-relieving effect like morphine's
E. the release of endorphins in the brain is stimulated by hot sauces, just as with
exercise, and these have a pain-relieving effect like that of morphine

The issue I have with this sentence is that as per Manhattan SC, "these" has to go always with a noun (these bikes, these pills...), and never alone. However, according to OA that is not true..Could anybody clarify the usage of "these" (and "this").
Thanks,
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: these + noun [#permalink] New post 19 Jun 2010, 08:24
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noboru wrote:
The issue I have with this sentence is that as per Manhattan SC, "these" has to go always with a noun (these bikes, these pills...), and never alone. However, according to OA that is not true..Could anybody clarify the usage of "these" (and "this").


Good question :wink:
"these" is a pronoun and plural of "this". In choice A : "these" is used as a replacement pronoun (not adjective). Pls refer to post - gmax-challenge-question-95398.html?highlight=gmax

According to MGMAT Demonstrative pronouns (This, That, These, Those) act as adjectives and need to be attached to a noun.
Ex: I like these shoes.
An exception is "That and Those" can act as a noun if they are acting as a copy of another noun--in this scenario the demonstrative pronoun must be modified to indicate how it is different from the original copy. ------> I think it means sometimes they DO NOT PHYSICALLY TOUCH
Ex: I love my shoes, but I hate those of my neighbor

I hope I make some sense :-D
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Re: these + noun [#permalink] New post 20 Jun 2010, 05:30
These - represents HOT SAUCES and nouns is - a pain-relieving effect .
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Re: these + noun [#permalink] New post 22 Jun 2010, 11:20
I believe these is a pronoun for endorphins
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Re: these + noun [#permalink] New post 26 Jul 2010, 04:36
I have problems understanding what does morphine's refer to. Also in B, the comparision between excersise and hot sauces (using "like"), seems ok for me.
Could anybody clarify this?
thanks.
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Re: these + noun [#permalink] New post 26 Jul 2010, 07:42
Ya .. I second noboru.. Even I opted B because it used 'like' to connect Hot Sauces and Exercise .. As 'like' is used to compare nouns whereas 'as' is used to compare phrases(remember reading it in MGMAT :)) shouldn't we choose B ?

Can anyone clarify on this?
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Re: these + noun [#permalink] New post 26 Jul 2010, 08:10
Nice catch. "just as x does" is used to compare action. If I add this to your explanation then all clear. :wink:

Like is used to compare nouns
Like Tolstoy, Rousseau blah blah
Like x, y etc
Like his brother, James graduated at the head of his class.

Here we are comparing the action w/ action, so B is wrong. To make B correct I will have to modify the sentence little bit
B. hot sauces stimulate the release of endorphins in the brain, like exercise, and they
have a pain-relieving effect that is like morphine ---> old B
B. hot sauces, like exercise stimulate the release of endorphins in the brain, and they
have a pain-relieving effect that is like morphine ----------> modified B. But then "they" is ambiguous now. So I have to really work hard to fix B.

Hope I make some sense!

sridhar wrote:
Ya .. I second noboru.. Even I opted B because it used 'like' to connect Hot Sauces and Exercise .. As 'like' is used to compare nouns whereas 'as' is used to compare phrases(remember reading it in MGMAT :)) shouldn't we choose B ?

Can anyone clarify on this?
Cheers,
S

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Re: these + noun [#permalink] New post 28 Jul 2010, 22:41
Went with B ..........only because "they" looked more convincing to me than "these" ....otherwise would have chosen A
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Re: these + noun [#permalink] New post 26 Aug 2010, 12:52
do you think that "they" in B is ambigous?
can it refer to sauces and endorphins?
Endorphins is attached in the construction "the release of endorphins", which is singular, so according to me, "they" can only refer to hot sauces.
could anybody explain this?
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Re: these + noun [#permalink] New post 26 Aug 2010, 16:29
hey in this SC question these refer back to hot sauces and is correct usage
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Re: these + noun [#permalink] New post 26 Aug 2010, 19:51
Well B wont be correct answer choice since the sentence begins with :
Besides adding complementary flavors to many foods, hot sauces stimulate the release of endorphins in the brain
which means hot sauces also add flavors to many foods and also releases endorphins...by just saying "like exercise" it would mean exercise also adds flavors to many foods... which is incorrect...

In A, we have " just as exercise does" .... for the stimulating related sentence which makes it logical..

Hence although B sounds correct, inaccordance with Like rule of manhattan SC .... its not logical...
That is my explanation...

I would go with A...
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Re: these + noun [#permalink] New post 28 Aug 2010, 04:11
noboru wrote:
Besides adding complementary flavors to many foods, hot sauces stimulate the release of endorphins in the brain, just as exercise does, and these have a pain-relieving effect like morphine's.
A. hot sauces stimulate the release of endorphins in the brain, just as exercise does,
and these have a pain-relieving effect like morphine's
B. hot sauces stimulate the release of endorphins in the brain, like exercise, and they
have a pain-relieving effect that is like morphine


noboru,

another thing to note is that in option B don't we need like that of ..
A makes clear comparison ...

Am i wrong here? :oops:
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Re: Besides adding complementary flavors to many foods, hot [#permalink] New post 23 Jun 2013, 07:23
Option A is best B distorts the meaning

Just a question towards the end of the sentence...

hot sauces stimulate the release of endorphins in the brain, just as exercise does, and these have a pain-relieving effect like morphine's ( morphine's pain relieving effect is implied)
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Re: these + noun [#permalink] New post 24 Jun 2013, 17:04
Noboru,

Read the explanation from Ron.

http://www.manhattangmat.com/forums/bes ... t3219.html
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Re: these + noun [#permalink] New post 25 Jun 2013, 00:18
maaadhu wrote:
Noboru,

Read the explanation from Ron.

http://www.manhattangmat.com/forums/bes ... t3219.html


Noboru posted hi question way back in 2010 and has a GMAT score of 730.
I think by now he should have passed the B school also :)
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Re: Besides adding complementary flavors to many foods, hot [#permalink] New post 25 Jun 2013, 01:49
But the question still remains..is the usage of "These" correct here??
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Re: these + noun [#permalink] New post 25 Jun 2013, 04:10
rofl.... ....Ankur, I didnt notice that.
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Re: these + noun   [#permalink] 25 Jun 2013, 04:10
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