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Between 1960 and 1966, the State University system had 92

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Between 1960 and 1966, the State University system had 92 [#permalink] New post 09 Jul 2011, 12:28
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  45% (medium)

Question Stats:

49% (02:34) correct 50% (01:52) wrong based on 128 sessions
Between 1960 and 1966, the State University system had 92 percent of its capacity filled by students. During this time the system admitted 31 students each year for every 100 available spots in the system; the remaining 61 spots were filled by upperclassmen. From 1967 to 1975, the State University system filled 99 percent of its capacity with students; however the system also lowered its admission rate to 23 students for every 100 available spots each year.

If the statements above are true, which of the following conclusions can be most properly drawn?

A. As a university system's admission rate falls, it is generally true that the percent of capacity filled increases.
B. The number of available spots in the State University system declined between the two time periods.
C. The proportion of young people applying to college increased between the two time periods.
D. The number of people dropping out before finishing their degrees declined between the two periods.
E. The average length of time that a student stayed in the State University system increased between the two time periods.

Solution---
The gist of the evidence provided is that in the mentioned time span, fewer students were admitted yet the utilization of capacity increased. The conclusion needs to be something that logically is derived from the given evidence. For e.g. The capacity was lowered, or more than 61% spots were given to upperclassmen.

Let's look at the choices.

A. Not really gives a logical conclusion.
B. reassertion of evidence
C. young people out of scope
D. # of people dropping out doesn't affect the admissions
E. makes sense. no wonder more seats were filled out by upperclassmen.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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Re: CR - Inference - 700-level [#permalink] New post 10 Jul 2011, 11:21
good one.
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Re: CR - Inference - 700-level [#permalink] New post 13 Jul 2011, 06:24
Was down to D and E. Picked E.
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Re: CR - Inference - 700-level [#permalink] New post 01 Aug 2011, 01:09
I agree that E is correct. but , B is also correct.

B said that the number of available spots declines. This means more spots are filled. This means B is similar to E.
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Re: CR - Inference - 700-level [#permalink] New post 01 Aug 2011, 05:42
difficult !!! one
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Re: Between 1960 and 1966, the State University system had 92 [#permalink] New post 29 Oct 2012, 00:18
y B is wrong?? ..

can anyone explain?..

i m litle bit satisfied with E..bt cant digest it completely :P

Thank u :)
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Re: Between 1960 and 1966, the State University system had 92 [#permalink] New post 30 Oct 2012, 21:31
A. As a university system's admission rate falls, it is generally true that the percent of capacity filled increases. - Cannot be generalized to whole system. - Incorrect
B. The number of available spots in the State University system declined between the two time periods. - This is already provided in the passage - Nothing new to draw upon - Incorrect
C. The proportion of young people applying to college increased between the two time periods. - No information provided in the passage - Incorrect
D. The number of people dropping out before finishing their degrees declined between the two periods. - Information on dropouts has not been provided - Out of scope - Incorrect
E. The average length of time that a student stayed in the State University system increased between the two time periods. - Only when the average length of time that a student stays in the uni increases, the admission rates are dropped. ie if the university is not confident whether a student would stay for the whole course, they would put up the admission rate to compensate the student loss. - Correct

Hope this helps. Thanks.
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Re: Between 1960 and 1966, the State University system had 92 [#permalink] New post 23 Nov 2013, 13:31
here is the official explanation from Kaplan

Answer E - In this, or any other inference question, you are looking for the answer choice that must be true given the statements in the stimulus. Since it is nearly impossible to pre-phrase the correct answer choice on an inference question, it is best to go directly to the answer choices after you have digested what is stated in the stimulus. This stimulus tells us that, between two time periods, the school system's capacity filled up despite the fact that the college was admitting fewer people for every available spot in the system.

The only answer choice that has to follow from these statements is the last one, Choice (E). It must be true that the average length of time spent by a student in the system increased between these periods. This must be true if the school system was actually filling up despite lower admissions per 100 spots.

Choice (B) might be true, but it is not necessary that it be true. Since the admission rates are given to us in number per 100 available spots in the school, it is not necessary that the number of spots decline in order to have an increasing rate of filled spots.

Similarly, Choice (D) could be true, but again, does not need to be true. One way that average length of enrollment in the system could increase is by having fewer drop-outs. However, (D) does not need to be true – the increase in average length of enrollment could, for example, be due to more students staying for a fifth or sixth year than before.

Choice (C) is out-of-scope. We are given no information about application rates. Choice (A) has no support from the stimulus. Just because this phenomenon occurred for one State at one point in time, it does not mean that it is generally true.


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Re: Between 1960 and 1966, the State University system had 92   [#permalink] 23 Nov 2013, 13:31
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