Biodiesel is a fuel that can be used in most road vehicles : GMAT Critical Reasoning (CR)
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# Biodiesel is a fuel that can be used in most road vehicles

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Biodiesel is a fuel that can be used in most road vehicles [#permalink]

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15 Apr 2005, 20:25
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Biodiesel is a fuel that can be used in most road vehicles instead of gasoline. Its use produces significantly less air pollution. Market research predicts that as this fuel becomes more widely available over the next ten years or so, hundreds of thousands of drivers will use it. We can only conclude, then, that many people care about reducion pollution.

Which of the following if true, most strengthens this argument ?

A. Many individuals try to minimize their driving in order to reduce pollution.
B Biodiesel fuel costs 10% to 20% more than gasoline
C New environmental laws may require a reduction in the amount of pollution new cars produce
D A significant amount of air pollution comes from sources other than automobiles.
E. Increased use of biodiesel will reduce the need to import gasoline from other countries

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15 Apr 2005, 20:35
< 1min

Will choose A

only A strengthens the conclusion (people care about environment)
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16 Apr 2005, 08:20
Between (A) and (B).. I choose (B).
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16 Apr 2005, 08:23
that's correct - I feel stupefied - B should be it
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16 Apr 2005, 09:55
I'd chosen A, but the OA is B.

My reason for not choosing B was the scope : It says that the fuel prices 'now' are higher - but we don't know those would remain that way even when the fuel is widely available.

My question is can we make such an assumption on the basis of stmt B, that the prices will remain that way ?
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16 Apr 2005, 14:39
greycellz wrote:
My reason for not choosing B was the scope

I think we should not blindly believe that this/that thing is out of scope. Question statement is Which of the following, if true, most strengthens this argument . Note that anything out of scope can substantially affect the argument.
Well, this is my opinion.

Banerjee/Others!!! What do you all think?? Please comment!!
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16 Apr 2005, 15:10
greycellz, What is the source of this question - I don't think it can be 'B', I would have taken 'C' with a grain of salt but 'B' is out of the picture. To me it is only between 'A' & 'C'. I would have chosen 'A' because it gives out another incidence where in individuals are shown to care about reducing pollution. Therefore this strengthens the conclusion.
'B' says fuel costs are going to rise and so - how is this connected to people caring about reducing pollution.
'C'- could be it, even though this is not connected to the conclusion this tells us that ppl will be forced to use biodiesel cars.
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16 Apr 2005, 15:32
jpv wrote:
greycellz wrote:
My reason for not choosing B was the scope

I think we should not blindly believe that this/that thing is out of scope. Question statement is Which of the following, if true, most strengthens this argument . Note that anything out of scope can substantially affect the argument.
Well, this is my opinion.

Banerjee/Others!!! What do you all think?? Please comment!!

But I'm sure if it were an ETS question, the scope with respect to time would've been defined. IMO, one cannot assume what's currently true to be always true, unless qualified with a stmt like "and it is expected to remain constant in the near future" etc.

BTW, it's a Peterson question.
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18 Apr 2005, 05:43
Vithal wrote:
that's correct - I feel stupefied - B should be it

A is such an obvious answer choice, and even if the OA says B is it, only a thorough explaination will make me change my mind and go for B.
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18 Apr 2005, 19:37
1) Biodiesel is a fuel that can be used in most road vehicles instead of gasoline.

2) Its produces significantly less air pollution.

3) Market research predicts that as this fuel becomes more widely available over the next ten years or so, hundreds of thousands of drivers will use it.

4) We can only conclude, then, that many people care about reducion pollution. <-- conclusion

Which of the following if true, most strengthens this argument ?

A. Many individuals try to minimize their driving in order to reduce pollution.
- If this is true, then people are truly concerned about reducing air pollution

B Biodiesel fuel costs 10% to 20% more than gasoline
- this weakens the arguemnt. it means ppl make the swithc because of cost concerns, and not environemental concerns.

C New environmental laws may require a reduction in the amount of pollution new cars produce
- If so, it's not because people care about the environment, but more so because the law requires them not to pollute

D A significant amount of air pollution comes from sources other than automobiles.
- Out of scope

E. Increased use of biodiesel will reduce the need to import gasoline from other countries
- Out of scope

A it is. I can't believe B is the answer.
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18 Apr 2005, 19:46
"B" shud be it...

consider that even with biodiesel being 20-30% more expensive ppl still wud prefer it and will pay for it, that means they will be doing that just becose they r concerned abt the env.....

In "A"...ppl trying to reduce pollution by not driving is not at all related to anything that stem has put forward so far. "B" talks abt something that stem also had talked abt, hence the best ans
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18 Apr 2005, 19:50
banerjeea_98 wrote:
"B" shud be it...

consider that even with biodiesel being 20-30% more expensive ppl still wud prefer it and will pay for it, that means they will be doing that just becose they r concerned abt the env.....

In "A"...ppl trying to reduce pollution by not driving is not at all related to anything that stem has put forward so far. "B" talks abt something that stem also had talked abt, hence the best ans

Why not ?? If people are trying to reduce pollution, it means they're concerned about the environement and so they care about reducing pollution which is the conclusion of the passage.
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18 Apr 2005, 19:55
ywilfred wrote:
banerjeea_98 wrote:
"B" shud be it...

consider that even with biodiesel being 20-30% more expensive ppl still wud prefer it and will pay for it, that means they will be doing that just becose they r concerned abt the env.....

In "A"...ppl trying to reduce pollution by not driving is not at all related to anything that stem has put forward so far. "B" talks abt something that stem also had talked abt, hence the best ans

Why not ?? If people are trying to reduce pollution, it means they're concerned about the environement and so they care about reducing pollution which is the conclusion of the passage.

If B weren't there, I wud have gone for "A"....Given a choice I will always choose an ans which is most related to the stem than the other choices. Just my opinion.
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Re: CR - Biodiesel [#permalink]

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18 Apr 2005, 21:01
(B) Biodiesel fuel costs 10% to 20% more than gasoline

I also prefer B. if it people are concerened about the pollution controll, they buy expensive fuel, which has less air pollution, to reduce the air pollution. otherwise there is no point to buy the expensive fuel by the people/public.

in my opinion, I think A cannot be the solution. how much less? it could be 0.001% or 99.99%. it is purely a subjective issue. we cannot say.
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Re: CR - Biodiesel [#permalink]

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18 Apr 2005, 21:07
MA wrote:
(B) Biodiesel fuel costs 10% to 20% more than gasoline

I also prefer B. if it people are concerened about the pollution controll, they buy expensive fuel, which has less air pollution, to reduce the air pollution. otherwise there is no point to buy the expensive fuel by the people/public.

in my opinion, I think A cannot be the solution. how much less? it is subjective. we cannot say.

Here the stem talks about reduction of pollution and not prices.....No where it is mentioned that reduction of prices would deter people from using vehicles and it is too far from the stem

Choice A though I didnt like it is atleast closer to the answer from the given premises.
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Re: CR - Biodiesel [#permalink]

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18 Apr 2005, 21:35
gmat2me2 wrote:
MA wrote:
I also prefer B. if it people are concerened about the pollution controll, they buy expensive fuel, which has less air pollution, to reduce the air pollution. otherwise there is no point to buy the expensive fuel by the people/public.
in my opinion, I think A cannot be the solution. how much less? it is subjective. we cannot say.

Here the stem talks about reduction of pollution and not prices.....No where it is mentioned that reduction of prices would deter people from using vehicles and it is too far from the stem

Choice A though I didnt like it is atleast closer to the answer from the given premises.

B says the costs of biodiseal costs 10-20% higher than the price of gasoline. if this is the case, people have to pay more that the price of the gasoline. why people pay more........ because they are concerend about the enviroment and polution control. this can only be achieved if people use biodiseal at higher prices.
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18 Apr 2005, 23:46
ywilfred wrote:
1) Biodiesel is a fuel that can be used in most road vehicles instead of gasoline.

2) Its produces significantly less air pollution.

3) Market research predicts that as this fuel becomes more widely available over the next ten years or so, hundreds of thousands of drivers will use it.

4) We can only conclude, then, that many people care about reducion pollution. <-- conclusion

Which of the following if true, most strengthens this argument ?

A. Many individuals try to minimize their driving in order to reduce pollution.
- If this is true, then people are truly concerned about reducing air pollution

B Biodiesel fuel costs 10% to 20% more than gasoline
- this weakens the arguemnt. it means ppl make the swithc because of cost concerns, and not environemental concerns.

C New environmental laws may require a reduction in the amount of pollution new cars produce
- If so, it's not because people care about the environment, but more so because the law requires them not to pollute

D A significant amount of air pollution comes from sources other than automobiles.
- Out of scope

E. Increased use of biodiesel will reduce the need to import gasoline from other countries
- Out of scope

A it is. I can't believe B is the answer.

Hi,

A. Many individuals try to minimize their driving in order to reduce pollution.
- If this is true, then people are truly concerned about reducing air pollution

I think this choice is not in the context of the passage. I would believe that it strengthens the conclusion rather than strengthens the argument.

B Biodiesel fuel costs 10% to 20% more than gasoline
- this weakens the arguemnt. it means ppl make the swithc because of cost concerns, and not environemental concerns.

it doesn't weaken.
Although biodiesel costs more than gasoline, dirvers still pick biodiesel fuel rather than gasoline. This proves that environmental concerns are really the major factor. This strengthens the whole reasoning process.
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a or b [#permalink]

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18 Apr 2005, 23:58
hi friends,

i recently started my GMAT prep . i didn't score well on the GMAT diagnostic at princeton review website. i got 420 - 36 q 12 v . so i m no authority.

going by the guidelines - a should have been the official answer / correct ans as it also supports ppl care about pollution . which is the assumtion in the given passage.

b - it says that ppl will buy a costlier fuel -it can have more than one recommendation .it means it costs more than gasoline now and we are talking about the future .

though at the first go i choose B . but after careful analysis i believe A is the answer

cheers !

anurag
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19 Apr 2005, 01:12
chunjuwu wrote:
ywilfred wrote:
1) Biodiesel is a fuel that can be used in most road vehicles instead of gasoline.

2) Its produces significantly less air pollution.

3) Market research predicts that as this fuel becomes more widely available over the next ten years or so, hundreds of thousands of drivers will use it.

4) We can only conclude, then, that many people care about reducion pollution. <-- conclusion

Which of the following if true, most strengthens this argument ?

A. Many individuals try to minimize their driving in order to reduce pollution.
- If this is true, then people are truly concerned about reducing air pollution

B Biodiesel fuel costs 10% to 20% more than gasoline
- this weakens the arguemnt. it means ppl make the swithc because of cost concerns, and not environemental concerns.

C New environmental laws may require a reduction in the amount of pollution new cars produce
- If so, it's not because people care about the environment, but more so because the law requires them not to pollute

D A significant amount of air pollution comes from sources other than automobiles.
- Out of scope

E. Increased use of biodiesel will reduce the need to import gasoline from other countries
- Out of scope

A it is. I can't believe B is the answer.

Hi,

A. Many individuals try to minimize their driving in order to reduce pollution.
- If this is true, then people are truly concerned about reducing air pollution

I think this choice is not in the context of the passage. I would believe that it strengthens the conclusion rather than strengthens the argument.

B Biodiesel fuel costs 10% to 20% more than gasoline
- this weakens the arguemnt. it means ppl make the swithc because of cost concerns, and not environemental concerns.

it doesn't weaken.
Although biodiesel costs more than gasoline, dirvers still pick biodiesel fuel rather than gasoline. This proves that environmental concerns are really the major factor. This strengthens the whole reasoning process.

A and B both strenthen the argument. The only thing I can speak for B is the mention of biodiesel while A doesn't.

If people drive less because they want to reduce pollution, then surly they must be concerned about pollution. Can you intereprete (A) in any other way ? I guess not.

I admit that the argument for B is valid as well, but I could say people continue to use biodiesel although it costs more because biodesel does not choke their engine as often as gasline does.

(A) is much more obvious about telling you that peopel do not want to pollute.
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19 Apr 2005, 06:31
i agree ..... but b is still the OA . hope such a question doesn't pop up on the real GMAT.

cheers !

anurag
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If u are not enjoying the passing moments of your life, you are not living a life.

hi   [#permalink] 19 Apr 2005, 06:31

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