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Botanists have proven that if plants extended laterally

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Botanists have proven that if plants extended laterally [#permalink] New post 07 Sep 2010, 03:56
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Botanists have proven that if plants extended laterally beyond the scope of their root system, they will grow slower than do those that are more vertically contained.

A:...
B: extended laterally beyond the scope of their root system, they will grow slower than
C: extend laterally beyond the scope of their root system, they grow more slowly than
D: extend laterally beyond the scope of their root system, they would have grown more slowly than do
E: extend laterally beyond the scope of their root system, they will grow more slowly than do

Plant A can grow more slowly than do plant B: both have the capacity to grow
but one is slower than the other. Is my explanation correct?

Also, I applied the "If X then Y" to make a choice. please comment.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: Botanists have proven that if plants extend [#permalink] New post 07 Sep 2010, 04:10
(C) is the only option with correct tense agreement.
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Re: Botanists have proven that if plants extend [#permalink] New post 07 Sep 2010, 04:23
The sentence is an if...then construct where the outcome in the original sentence (growing) happens in the future compared to the action (extend laterally). In such a case the tense sequence should be Simple Present + Simple Future ... so (e) also sounds more appropriate from the point of view of tense

(refer : manhattan sentence correction guide page 113 rule 3)

another mistake in the original sentence is the use of "Slower" as opposed to "more slowly" which is correct.
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Re: Botanists have proven that if plants extend [#permalink] New post 07 Sep 2010, 06:59
Using split,one can eliminate the first two choices,extend over extending.D is wordy with inappropriate usage of they would have grown more...
Down to C and E.Than do those in E is incorrect comparison.Hence C.
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Re: Botanists have proven that if plants extend [#permalink] New post 07 Sep 2010, 10:58
suyashjhawar wrote:
Using split,one can eliminate the first two choices,extend over extending.D is wordy with inappropriate usage of they would have grown more...
Down to C and E.Than do those in E is incorrect comparison.Hence C.


can you elaborate why E is incorrect? in my opinion the comparison is correct.
'If plants extend.....they will grow more slowly than "do" those(plants).....'.

Also,can you please provide a scenario when the use of "do" will be correct?

Thanks.
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Re: Botanists have proven that if plants extend [#permalink] New post 08 Sep 2010, 05:18
I think will creates problem in E as thing is proven.... went for C
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Re: Botanists have proven that if plants extend [#permalink] New post 08 Sep 2010, 15:23
why E is not correct ?

'IF a happens,B WILL happen.'
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Re: Botanists have proven that if plants extend [#permalink] New post 08 Sep 2010, 18:37
The sentence reads that botanist have proven if a happens, then b happens. its a not will happen sort of situation. Hence C.
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Re: Botanists have proven that if plants extend [#permalink] New post 09 Sep 2010, 10:29
C it is because scientists have proven that if X happens Y happens.

If plants extend laterally, they grow slowly than those [plants] that are vertically contained.
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Re: Botanists have proven that if plants extend [#permalink] New post 07 Jan 2011, 23:44
if .......grow
present to present use
c clear win
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Re: Botanists have proven that if plants extend [#permalink] New post 07 Sep 2011, 08:29
Quote:
Botanists have proven that if plants extended laterally beyond the scope of their root system, they will grow slower than do those that are more vertically contained.

A: extended laterally beyond the scope of their root system, they will grow slower than do
B: extended laterally beyond the scope of their root system, they will grow slower than
C: extend laterally beyond the scope of their root system, they grow more slowly than
D: extend laterally beyond the scope of their root system, they would have grown more slowly than do
E: extend laterally beyond the scope of their root system, they will grow more slowly than do


Strike one: hypothetical, so 'extend' and not 'extended' --> eliminate A and B
Strike two: 'do' is redundant and awkward --> eliminate D and E

Answer: C
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Re: Botanists have proven that if plants extend [#permalink] New post 07 Sep 2011, 08:38
yea... agree with C

i initially selected E too but when i read the comments and then re-read the passage, i liked C
the first few words say scientists have proven... so i guess the sentence is appropriate in present tense... hence "will" in E is incorrect
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Re: Botanists have proven that if plants extended laterally [#permalink] New post 15 Dec 2015, 05:38
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Re: Botanists have proven that if plants extended laterally [#permalink] New post 16 Dec 2015, 20:09
gmatbull wrote:
Botanists have proven that if plants extended laterally beyond the scope of their root system, they will grow slower than do those that are more vertically contained.

A:...
B: extended laterally beyond the scope of their root system, they will grow slower than
C: extend laterally beyond the scope of their root system, they grow more slowly than
D: extend laterally beyond the scope of their root system, they would have grown more slowly than do
E: extend laterally beyond the scope of their root system, they will grow more slowly than do

Plant A can grow more slowly than do plant B: both have the capacity to grow
but one is slower than the other. Is my explanation correct?

Also, I applied the "If X then Y" to make a choice. please comment.



How is the above question different/compared to the following question.

If teachers, often feeling unappreciated and unmotivated, is paid higher wages, the standard of education will improve.

A: is paid higher wages, the standard of education will improve
B: are paid higher wages, the standard of education would improve
C: are paid higher wages, the standard of education will have improved
D: are paid higher wages, the standard of education can improve
E: are paid higher wages, the standard of education will improve

I want to understand If..Then application. I applied the Original Question logic to this question and I failed. Can someone please provide guidance?
Thanks
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Re: Botanists have proven that if plants extended laterally [#permalink] New post 17 Dec 2015, 03:59
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rachitshah wrote:
gmatbull wrote:
Botanists have proven that if plants extended laterally beyond the scope of their root system, they will grow slower than do those that are more vertically contained.

A:...
B: extended laterally beyond the scope of their root system, they will grow slower than
C: extend laterally beyond the scope of their root system, they grow more slowly than
D: extend laterally beyond the scope of their root system, they would have grown more slowly than do
E: extend laterally beyond the scope of their root system, they will grow more slowly than do

Plant A can grow more slowly than do plant B: both have the capacity to grow
but one is slower than the other. Is my explanation correct?

Also, I applied the "If X then Y" to make a choice. please comment.



How is the above question different/compared to the following question.

If teachers, often feeling unappreciated and unmotivated, is paid higher wages, the standard of education will improve.

A: is paid higher wages, the standard of education will improve
B: are paid higher wages, the standard of education would improve
C: are paid higher wages, the standard of education will have improved
D: are paid higher wages, the standard of education can improve
E: are paid higher wages, the standard of education will improve

I want to understand If..Then application. I applied the Original Question logic to this question and I failed. Can someone please provide guidance?
Thanks


Responding to a pm:

These two are distinct ways of using the "If then" condition. Grammatically both are correct but they imply different things.

If A happens, then B happens. - this is a fact. This is how it always happens.
If it rains, the ground gets wet.

If A happens, then B will happen. - B will happen if the condition in A is met.
Now that we have removed the covers, if it rains, the ground will get wet.

In the original question, if plants extend...they grow... - this is what will always happen. It has been proven.

In your question, if the teachers are paid higher wages, the std of education will improve. - the std of education will improve if the condition of higher wages is met.
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Re: Botanists have proven that if plants extended laterally   [#permalink] 17 Dec 2015, 03:59
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