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Both threatened by the possibility of legislation ...

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Both threatened by the possibility of legislation ... [#permalink] New post 07 Oct 2013, 09:23
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A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  25% (medium)

Question Stats:

72% (02:59) correct 28% (01:11) wrong based on 96 sessions
Both threatened by the possibility of legislation restricting acceptable language in advertisements and by
increasing protests by grass-roots organizations, the agriculture firm's projected net profits fell for a fifth
consecutive quarter, which forced
the firm to adjust their expected earnings for the third time since the
beginning of the fiscal year.

(A) Both threatened by the possibility of legislation restricting acceptable language in advertisements
and by increasing protests by grass-roots organizations, the agriculture firm's projected net profits fell for
a fifth consecutive quarter, which forced

(B) Both the possibility of legislation restricting acceptable language in advertisements and the increasing
protests by grass-roots organizations threatened the agriculture firm's projected net profits, falling for a fifth
consecutive quarter, which forced

(C) Both because it was threatened by the possibility of legislation restricting acceptable language in
advertisements and by increasing protests by grass-roots organizations, the agriculture firm's projected net
profits fell for a fifth consecutive quarter, forcing

(D) The agriculture firm's projected net profits, threatened both by the possibility of legislation restricting
acceptable language in advertisements and by increasing protests by grass-roots organizations, fell for a fifth
consecutive quarter, forcing

(E) The agriculture firm's projected net profits, threatened by both the possibility of legislation restricting
acceptable language in advertisements and increasing protests by grass-roots organizations, fell for a fifth
consecutive quarter, which forced

GH-041813
OE to follow are some discussion
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: Both threatened by the possibility of legislation ... [#permalink] New post 07 Oct 2013, 09:53
avohden wrote:
Both threatened by the possibility of legislation restricting acceptable language in advertisements and by
increasing protests by grass-roots organizations, the agriculture firm's projected net profits fell for a fifth
consecutive quarter, which forced
the firm to adjust their expected earnings for the third time since the
beginning of the fiscal year.

(A) Both threatened by the possibility of legislation restricting acceptable language in advertisements
and by increasing protests by grass-roots organizations, the agriculture firm's projected net profits fell for
a fifth consecutive quarter, which forced

(B) Both the possibility of legislation restricting acceptable language in advertisements and the increasing
protests by grass-roots organizations threatened the agriculture firm's projected net profits, falling for a fifth
consecutive quarter, which forced

(C) Both because it was threatened by the possibility of legislation restricting acceptable language in
advertisements and by increasing protests by grass-roots organizations, the agriculture firm's projected net
profits fell for a fifth consecutive quarter, forcing

(D) The agriculture firm's projected net profits, threatened both by the possibility of legislation restricting
acceptable language in advertisements and by increasing protests by grass-roots organizations, fell for a fifth
consecutive quarter, forcing

(E) The agriculture firm's projected net profits, threatened by both the possibility of legislation restricting
acceptable language in advertisements and increasing protests by grass-roots organizations, fell for a fifth
consecutive quarter, which forced

GH-041813
OE to follow are some discussion


Option D seems to be best answer.
The clause modifies the subject "projected net profits" and continuous tense is used at the end.

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Qoofi
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3 KUDOS received
Director
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Re: Both threatened by the possibility of legislation ... [#permalink] New post 07 Oct 2013, 12:24
3
This post received
KUDOS
avohden wrote:
Both threatened by the possibility of legislation restricting acceptable language in advertisements and by
increasing protests by grass-roots organizations, the agriculture firm's projected net profits fell for a fifth
consecutive quarter, which forced
the firm to adjust their expected earnings for the third time since the
beginning of the fiscal year.

(A) Both threatened by the possibility of legislation restricting acceptable language in advertisements
and by increasing protests by grass-roots organizations, the agriculture firm's projected net profits fell for
a fifth consecutive quarter, which forced

(B) Both the possibility of legislation restricting acceptable language in advertisements and the increasing
protests by grass-roots organizations threatened the agriculture firm's projected net profits, falling for a fifth
consecutive quarter, which forced

(C) Both because it was threatened by the possibility of legislation restricting acceptable language in
advertisements and by increasing protests by grass-roots organizations, the agriculture firm's projected net
profits fell for a fifth consecutive quarter, forcing

(D) The agriculture firm's projected net profits, threatened both by the possibility of legislation restricting
acceptable language in advertisements and by increasing protests by grass-roots organizations, fell for a fifth
consecutive quarter, forcing

(E) The agriculture firm's projected net profits, threatened by both the possibility of legislation restricting
acceptable language in advertisements and increasing protests by grass-roots organizations, fell for a fifth
consecutive quarter, which forced

GH-041813
OE to follow are some discussion


THIS QUESTION IS TESTING IDIOM :
BOTH X ...AND Y
X and Y need to be parallel.
only option D maintains parallelism.

option B has incorrect usage of WHICH.
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Director
Director
User avatar
Status: 1,750 Q's attempted and counting
Affiliations: University of Florida
Joined: 09 Jul 2013
Posts: 513
Location: United States (FL)
Schools: UFL (A)
GMAT 1: 600 Q45 V29
GMAT 2: 590 Q35 V35
GMAT 3: 570 Q42 V28
GMAT 4: 610 Q44 V30
GPA: 3.45
WE: Accounting (Accounting)
Followers: 19

Kudos [?]: 252 [0], given: 629

Re: Both threatened by the possibility of legislation ... [#permalink] New post 07 Oct 2013, 20:15
Official Explanation

Answer: D
The construction "Both...and" requires that the phrase following "both" be parallel with the phrase following "and." Not only must they be grammatically parallel, but they also must be comparable things. That means that the sentence is incorrect as written: "threatened by" is not parallel to "by increasing." (C) can also be eliminated for this reason; if "both" is followed by "because," "and" must be followed by "because" as well. Choice (B) is incorrect because of verb tense issues. If the firm's projected net profits are "falling," that is happening in the present. But the falling profits "forced" a change. That's past tense. If the projected profits are falling, then "have forced" would be correct. The main difference between (D) and (E) is the final clause: "forcing" or "which forced." The word "which" generally tells us that what follows modifies the immediately preceding word. However, in (E), it wasn't the "fifth consecutive quarter" that forced the change. Thus, "forcing" is accurate, as it modifies the previous verb, "fell." Choice (D) is correct.
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Manager
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Joined: 28 Jul 2013
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Kudos [?]: 8 [0], given: 20

Re: Both threatened by the possibility of legislation ... [#permalink] New post 07 Nov 2013, 00:15
The option directly boils down to C & D.
In C "it" refers to "net profits" - not correct usage.
D is left. Also in "A" ",which" wrongly modifies "Quarter" rather the "fall of the net profits"
Also "-ing" form after the comma is required as this represents simultaneous action.
Re: Both threatened by the possibility of legislation ...   [#permalink] 07 Nov 2013, 00:15
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