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Building a space station, in which astronauts would live for

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Building a space station, in which astronauts would live for [#permalink] New post 20 Dec 2012, 12:50
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Difficulty:

  65% (hard)

Question Stats:

49% (02:18) correct 51% (01:29) wrong based on 142 sessions
Building a space station, in which astronauts would live for a considerable time, is essential even if the space station project were to contribute no new knowledge about space or Earth that could not otherwise be obtained. For future missions to explore Mars, we will need the medical knowledge that the space station project will give us about the limits human capacities to live in spacecraft for an extended time.

The argument makes the assumption that

(A) the exploration of Mars will be carried out by people travelling in spacecraft and not by robots alone.
(B) the capacities of astronauts are typical of those of ordinary human beings
(C) no unforeseen medical problems will arise on the first mission to explore mars
(D) a mission to Mars will be the first of many missions that will explore the solar system
(E) living in spaceship for an extended time presents insurmountable medical problems

OA after some discussion
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: Assumption LSAT Question [#permalink] New post 20 Dec 2012, 15:30
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CharuKapoor wrote:
Building a space station, in which astronauts would live for a considerable time, is essential even if the space station project were to contribute no new knowledge about space or Earth that could not otherwise be obtained. For future missions to explore Mars, we will need the medical knowledge that the space station project will give us about the limits human capacities to live in spacecraft for an extended time.

The argument makes the assumption that

(A) the exploration of Mars will be carried out by people travelling in spacecraft and not by robots alone.
(B) the capacities of astronauts are typical of those of ordinary human beings
(C) no unforeseen medical problems will arise on the first mission to explore mars
(D) a mission to Mars will be the first of many missions that will explore the solar system
(E) living in spaceship for an extended time presents insurmountable medical problems

OA after some discussion


Premise: "For future missions to explore Mars, we will need the medical knowledge that the space station project will give us about the limits human capacities to live in spacecraft for an extended time."

assumption: because humans are needed for space missions to mars

Conclusion: So, "building a space station, in which astronauts would live for a considerable time, is essential"

If choice A is not assumed i.e, if humans are not needed for future missions, then the argument is not true. Therefore choice A.
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Re: Building a space station, in which astronauts would live for [#permalink] New post 30 Aug 2013, 01:41
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A is essential to the argument, but so is B. How did you eliminate B? If the capacities of astronauts are NOT typical of those of ordinary human beings, then how can the argument "about the limits human capacities to live in spacecraft " still stand? Thanks in advance!
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Re: Building a space station, in which astronauts would live for [#permalink] New post 16 Nov 2013, 12:50
Quote:
A is essential to the argument, but so is B. How did you eliminate B? If the capacities of astronauts are NOT typical of those of ordinary human beings, then how can the argument "about the limits human capacities to live in spacecraft " still stand? Thanks in advance!


Option B is not correct. It can not be an assumption, as it has been mentioned in the argument. First line states that: Space stations in which, astronauts will live for a considerable time. The last line states: the space station project will give us about the limits human capacities to live in spacecraft for an extended time. So, it is obvious that astronauts will be human being with same capabilities. An assumption is an unstated fact, for argument to hold true.

Hope that helps.
Re: Building a space station, in which astronauts would live for   [#permalink] 16 Nov 2013, 12:50
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