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Building on civilizations that preceded them in coastal

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Building on civilizations that preceded them in coastal [#permalink]

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Building on civilizations that preceded them in coastal Peru, the Mochica developed their own elaborat society, based on cultivating such crops like corn and beans, the harvesting of fish and shellfish, and exploiting other wild and domestic resources.

(A) based on cultivating such crops like corn and beans, the harvesting of fish and shellfish, and exploiting
(B) based on the cultivation of such crops as corn and beans, the harvesting of fish and seafood, and the exploitation of
(C) and basing it on the cultivation of crops like corn and beans, harvesting fish and seafood, and the exploiting of
(D) and they based it on their cultivation of crops such as corn and beans, the harvest of fish and seafood, and exploiting
(E) and they based it on their cultivating such crops like corn and beans, their harvest of fish and shellfish, and they exploited

Please explain the solution
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Re: Building on civilizations that preceded them in coastal Peru [#permalink]

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New post 16 Apr 2012, 22:53
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(A) based on cultivating such crops like corn and beans, the harvesting of fish and shellfish, and exploiting->wrong
the three phrases are not parallel
(B) based on the cultivation of such crops as corn and beans, the harvesting of fish and seafood, and the exploitation of-->correct the three noun phrases are parallel ,please see the bold faced nouns(C) and basing it on the cultivation of crops like corn and beans, harvesting fish and seafood, and the exploiting of-->parallelism error
(D) and they based it on their cultivation of crops such as corn and beans, the harvest of fish and seafood, and exploiting--> unnecessary use of the word they and also parallelism error
(E) and they based it on their cultivating such crops like corn and beans, their harvest of fish and shellfish, and they exploited-->wrong use of the pronoun their and also parallelism error.
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Re: Building on civilizations that preceded them in coastal Peru [#permalink]

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New post 16 Apr 2012, 23:16
saikarthikreddy wrote:
(A) based on cultivating such crops like corn and beans, the harvesting of fish and shellfish, and exploiting->wrong
the three phrases are not parallel
(B) based on the cultivation of such crops as corn and beans, the harvesting of fish and seafood, and the exploitation of-->correct the three noun phrases are parallel ,please see the bold faced nouns(C) and basing it on the cultivation of crops like corn and beans, harvesting fish and seafood, and the exploiting of-->parallelism error
(D) and they based it on their cultivation of crops such as corn and beans, the harvest of fish and seafood, and exploiting--> unnecessary use of the word they and also parallelism error
(E) and they based it on their cultivating such crops like corn and beans, their harvest of fish and shellfish, and they exploited-->wrong use of the pronoun their and also parallelism error.

Hi saikarthikreddy, the cultivation and the harvesting are not in parallel. It should be cultivating & harvesting.
Correct me if I am wrong.
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Re: Building on civilizations that preceded them in coastal Peru [#permalink]

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New post 17 Apr 2012, 03:34
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subhajeet wrote:
saikarthikreddy wrote:
(A) based on cultivating such crops like corn and beans, the harvesting of fish and shellfish, and exploiting->wrong
the three phrases are not parallel
(B) based on the cultivation of such crops as corn and beans, the harvesting of fish and seafood, and the exploitation of-->correct the three noun phrases are parallel ,please see the bold faced nouns(C) and basing it on the cultivation of crops like corn and beans, harvesting fish and seafood, and the exploiting of-->parallelism error
(D) and they based it on their cultivation of crops such as corn and beans, the harvest of fish and seafood, and exploiting--> unnecessary use of the word they and also parallelism error
(E) and they based it on their cultivating such crops like corn and beans, their harvest of fish and shellfish, and they exploited-->wrong use of the pronoun their and also parallelism error.

Hi saikarthikreddy, the cultivation and the harvesting are not in parallel. It should be cultivating & harvesting.
Correct me if I am wrong.


based on the cultivation of such crops as corn and beans, the harvesting of fish and seafood, and the exploitation of

"the harvesting of " - complex gerund
"cultivation" and "exploitation" - action noun

complex gerund and action noun can be parallel.

Hope this helps..!!
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Re: Building on civilizations that preceded them in coastal Peru [#permalink]

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New post 17 Apr 2012, 05:57
harvesting is used as a noun, it is a gerund. Also every article (a,an,the) must be followed by a NOUN so there you go :)
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Re: Building on civilizations that preceded them in coastal Peru [#permalink]

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New post 17 Apr 2012, 14:19
I can't point to a specific rule or terminology, but such shouldn't be followed by like when providing examples. It's either "such as" or "like"

"such crops like" - wrong
"such crops as" - correct
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Re: Building on civilizations that preceded them in coastal Peru [#permalink]

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New post 17 Apr 2012, 22:13
Went for B. Great information above, I still can't dissect the answers with specifics though. C D E sounded awkward to me and B had the correct usage of "such crops as".
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Re: Building on civilizations that preceded them in coastal Peru [#permalink]

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New post 18 Apr 2012, 07:33
vikram4689 wrote:
aalba005 wrote:
Went for B. Great information above, I still can't dissect the answers with specifics though. C D E sounded awkward to me and B had the correct usage of "such crops as".

do you have any specific doubt


No, after I read the explainations it was clear why C D and E were incorrect but I still need more practice in this regard.
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Re: Building on civilizations that preceded them in coastal Peru [#permalink]

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New post 18 Apr 2012, 08:02
aalba005 wrote:
vikram4689 wrote:
aalba005 wrote:
Went for B. Great information above, I still can't dissect the answers with specifics though. C D E sounded awkward to me and B had the correct usage of "such crops as".

do you have any specific doubt


No, after I read the explainations it was clear why C D and E were incorrect but I still need more practice in this regard.


Great, let us know wherever you have any queries
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Re: Building on civilizations that preceded them in coastal [#permalink]

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Re: Building on civilizations that preceded them in coastal [#permalink]

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New post 19 Sep 2013, 23:35
Building on civilizations that preceded them in coastal Peru, the Mochica developed their own elaborat society, based on cultivating such crops like corn and beans, the harvesting of fish and shellfish, and exploiting other wild and domestic resources.

(A) based on cultivating such crops like corn and beans, the harvesting of fish and shellfish, and exploiting - > like cant be used for examples and not parallel
(B) based on the cultivation of such crops as corn and beans, the harvesting of fish and seafood, and the exploitation of -> correct answer
(C) and basing it on the cultivation of crops like corn and beans, harvesting fish and seafood, and the exploiting of - > like cant be used for examples
(D) and they based it on their cultivation of crops such as corn and beans, the harvest of fish and seafood, and exploiting- > not parallel
(E) and they based it on their cultivating such crops like corn and beans, their harvest of fish and shellfish, and they exploited ->not parallel

Hope it helps.
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Re: Building on civilizations that preceded them in coastal [#permalink]

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New post 20 Sep 2013, 04:23
WaterFlowsUp wrote:
Bumping for review and further discussion*.
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subhajeet wrote:
Building on civilizations that preceded them in coastal Peru, the Mochica developed their own elaborat society, based on cultivating such crops like corn and beans, the harvesting of fish and shellfish, and exploiting other wild and domestic resources.

(A) based on cultivating such crops like corn and beans, the harvesting of fish and shellfish, and exploiting
(B) based on the cultivation of such crops as corn and beans, the harvesting of fish and seafood, and the exploitation of
(C) and basing it on the cultivation of crops like corn and beans, harvesting fish and seafood, and the exploiting of
(D) and they based it on their cultivation of crops such as corn and beans, the harvest of fish and seafood, and exploiting
(E) and they based it on their cultivating such crops like corn and beans, their harvest of fish and shellfish, and they exploited


Answer = B

The pattern in the original sentence is based on cultivating.......(verb), the harvesting of.......(Gerund), and exploiting ..........(verb), which is clearly an issue of Parallelism. Moreover this choice uses such crops like which is not idiomatic. The accepted usage is such crops as or crops such as

For the sentence to have parallel structure, we would need 3 things followed by based on, to be noun or something that plays the role of a noun (e.g. Gerund)

A) INCORRECT - for the reasons cited above

B) CORRECT - This choice maintains the parallelism. based on the cultivation of.......(noun phrase), the harvesting of..........(gerund phrase), and the exploitation of.........(noun phrase). Such crops as is idiomatic.

C) INCORRECT - basing it.....(verb), harvesting......(verb), and exploiting of.......(noun)

D) INCORRECT - their has no logical referent.

E) INCORRECT - for the same reason cited in Choice D.

Hope that helps!
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Re: Building on civilizations that preceded them in coastal [#permalink]

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New post 03 Nov 2014, 21:09
(B) based on the cultivation of such crops as corn and beans, the harvesting of fish and seafood, and the exploitation of
Parrallel
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Re: Building on civilizations that preceded them in coastal [#permalink]

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New post 02 Jul 2016, 12:09
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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Re: Building on civilizations that preceded them in coastal   [#permalink] 02 Jul 2016, 12:09
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