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By a vote of 9 to 0, the Supreme Court awarded the Central

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Manager
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By a vote of 9 to 0, the Supreme Court awarded the Central [#permalink] New post 08 Mar 2011, 21:55
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71% (01:52) correct 29% (01:28) wrong based on 21 sessions
186. By a vote of 9 to 0, the Supreme Court awarded the Central Intelligence Agency broad discretionary powers enabling it to withhold from the public the identities of its sources of intelligence information.
(A) enabling it to withhold from the public
(B) for it to withhold from the public
(C) for withholding disclosure to the public of
(D) that enable them to withhold from public disclosure
(E) that they can withhold public disclosure of
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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Re: 186/1000 - Supreme court awarded CIA some powers [#permalink] New post 08 Mar 2011, 22:00
There is missing comma before "enabling". A is correct.

fanatico wrote:
186. By a vote of 9 to 0, the Supreme Court awarded the Central Intelligence Agency broad discretionary powers enabling it to withhold from the public the identities of its sources of intelligence information.
(A) enabling it to withhold from the public
(B) for it to withhold from the public
(C) for withholding disclosure to the public of
(D) that enable them to withhold from public disclosure
(E) that they can withhold public disclosure of
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Re: 186/1000 - Supreme court awarded CIA some powers [#permalink] New post 08 Mar 2011, 22:02
isn't "it" ambiguous in A and B?
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Re: 186/1000 - Supreme court awarded CIA some powers [#permalink] New post 08 Mar 2011, 22:16
Actually there's more to it than meets the eye :)

The modifier "ing" in A modifies the previous clause and sentence was written with that intention.
In D and E- they and them are spoilers.

B and C - are unidiomatic. - for withhold/withholding

The idiom is "enable to withhold"

fanatico wrote:
isn't "it" ambiguous in A and B?
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Re: 186/1000 - Supreme court awarded CIA some powers [#permalink] New post 15 Apr 2011, 00:16
Expert's post
When there is a pronoun ambiguity in GMAT, one of the best ways of solving the muddle is to apply logic rather than mere structure.

In the given context, there are two eligible contenders for the pronoun’ it’ i.e., Supreme Court and the CIA, but the question is why will Supreme Court award the CIA something in order to enable itself? Isn’t logic missing then? That is the reason to conclude without further doubt that the pronoun refers to the CIA.

The answer is certainly A
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Re: 186/1000 - Supreme court awarded CIA some powers [#permalink] New post 27 Apr 2011, 05:50
The Answer is "A" but one must say that it has messy choices .I mean "It" in the underline portion may either refer to supreme court or to CIA!
fanatico wrote:
186. By a vote of 9 to 0, the Supreme Court awarded the Central Intelligence Agency broad discretionary powers enabling it to withhold from the public the identities of its sources of intelligence information.
(A) enabling it to withhold from the public
(B) for it to withhold from the public
(C) for withholding disclosure to the public of
(D) that enable them to withhold from public disclosure
(E) that they can withhold public disclosure of

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Re: 186/1000 - Supreme court awarded CIA some powers   [#permalink] 27 Apr 2011, 05:50
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By a vote of 9 to 0, the Supreme Court awarded the Central

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