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By a vote of 9 to 0, the Supreme Court awarded the Central

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By a vote of 9 to 0, the Supreme Court awarded the Central [#permalink] New post 08 Mar 2011, 21:55
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186. By a vote of 9 to 0, the Supreme Court awarded the Central Intelligence Agency broad discretionary powers enabling it to withhold from the public the identities of its sources of intelligence information.
(A) enabling it to withhold from the public
(B) for it to withhold from the public
(C) for withholding disclosure to the public of
(D) that enable them to withhold from public disclosure
(E) that they can withhold public disclosure of
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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Re: 186/1000 - Supreme court awarded CIA some powers [#permalink] New post 08 Mar 2011, 22:00
There is missing comma before "enabling". A is correct.

fanatico wrote:
186. By a vote of 9 to 0, the Supreme Court awarded the Central Intelligence Agency broad discretionary powers enabling it to withhold from the public the identities of its sources of intelligence information.
(A) enabling it to withhold from the public
(B) for it to withhold from the public
(C) for withholding disclosure to the public of
(D) that enable them to withhold from public disclosure
(E) that they can withhold public disclosure of
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Re: 186/1000 - Supreme court awarded CIA some powers [#permalink] New post 08 Mar 2011, 22:02
isn't "it" ambiguous in A and B?
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Re: 186/1000 - Supreme court awarded CIA some powers [#permalink] New post 08 Mar 2011, 22:16
Actually there's more to it than meets the eye :)

The modifier "ing" in A modifies the previous clause and sentence was written with that intention.
In D and E- they and them are spoilers.

B and C - are unidiomatic. - for withhold/withholding

The idiom is "enable to withhold"

fanatico wrote:
isn't "it" ambiguous in A and B?
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Re: 186/1000 - Supreme court awarded CIA some powers [#permalink] New post 15 Apr 2011, 00:16
Expert's post
When there is a pronoun ambiguity in GMAT, one of the best ways of solving the muddle is to apply logic rather than mere structure.

In the given context, there are two eligible contenders for the pronoun’ it’ i.e., Supreme Court and the CIA, but the question is why will Supreme Court award the CIA something in order to enable itself? Isn’t logic missing then? That is the reason to conclude without further doubt that the pronoun refers to the CIA.

The answer is certainly A
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Re: 186/1000 - Supreme court awarded CIA some powers [#permalink] New post 27 Apr 2011, 05:50
The Answer is "A" but one must say that it has messy choices .I mean "It" in the underline portion may either refer to supreme court or to CIA!
fanatico wrote:
186. By a vote of 9 to 0, the Supreme Court awarded the Central Intelligence Agency broad discretionary powers enabling it to withhold from the public the identities of its sources of intelligence information.
(A) enabling it to withhold from the public
(B) for it to withhold from the public
(C) for withholding disclosure to the public of
(D) that enable them to withhold from public disclosure
(E) that they can withhold public disclosure of

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Re: By a vote of 9 to 0, the Supreme Court awarded the Central [#permalink] New post 01 Jan 2015, 02:37
IMO - A

By a vote of 9 to 0, the Supreme Court awarded the Central Intelligence Agency broad discretionary powers enabling it to withhold from the public the identities of its sources of intelligence information.

Let's re-write this sentence for more clarity : The Central Intelligence Agency broad was awarded discretionary powers by the Supreme Court, enabling it to withhold from the public the identities of its sources of intelligence information.. Here 'it' refers back to 'The Central Intelligence Agency', not to anyone else.

(A) enabling it to withhold from the public >> this is a cause & effect scenario: V-ing (enabling) is correctly producing the effect of the cause (awarded the Central Intelligence Agency broad discretionary powers). And 'it' is referring back to the CIA (closest noun indeed)

(B) for it to withhold from the public >> this is changing the meaning. Now, it is sounding as if SC awarded the DP to CIAB just to enable it to withhold.....so, nonsensical

(C) for withholding disclosure to the public of >> As per VAN rule (Verb>Adj>Noun), using 'withhold' (verb) is preferred over 'withholding' (noun). Also, this is changing the meaning as explained in B.

(D) that enable them to withhold from public disclosure >> them is incorrect pronoun. Referring to whom??

(E) that they can withhold public disclosure of >> they is incorrect pronoun. Referring to whom??
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Re: By a vote of 9 to 0, the Supreme Court awarded the Central [#permalink] New post 20 Apr 2015, 00:43
fanatico wrote:
186. By a vote of 9 to 0, the Supreme Court awarded the Central Intelligence Agency broad discretionary powers enabling it to withhold from the public the identities of its sources of intelligence information.
(A) enabling it to withhold from the public
(B) for it to withhold from the public
(C) for withholding disclosure to the public of
(D) that enable them to withhold from public disclosure
(E) that they can withhold public disclosure of


regarding choice b,
i realy do not know why it is wrong. this meaning is logic though can be considered distorted meaning.

for it to withhold modifies the preceding clause and is good. but if we use "enabling" modifying "power", the meaning relation is tighter.

we need more discussion on this point.
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Re: By a vote of 9 to 0, the Supreme Court awarded the Central [#permalink] New post 02 Jul 2015, 06:10
I was confused between A and B.
Chose A over B because B looked awkward to me...
for it to withhold...

the act enabled the intelligence agency to withhold seems more correct
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Re: By a vote of 9 to 0, the Supreme Court awarded the Central [#permalink] New post 02 Jul 2015, 17:45
fanatico wrote:
186. By a vote of 9 to 0, the Supreme Court awarded the Central Intelligence Agency broad discretionary powers enabling it to withhold from the public the identities of its sources of intelligence information.
(A) enabling it to withhold from the public
(B) for it to withhold from the public
(C) for withholding disclosure to the public of
(D) that enable them to withhold from public disclosure
(E) that they can withhold public disclosure of


"for it to withold" modify the main clause, not "power". this is why B is wrong
Re: By a vote of 9 to 0, the Supreme Court awarded the Central   [#permalink] 02 Jul 2015, 17:45
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