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By a vote of 9 to 0, the Supreme Court awarded the Central

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Director
Director
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Joined: 28 Dec 2005
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By a vote of 9 to 0, the Supreme Court awarded the Central [#permalink] New post 02 Jul 2006, 12:58
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

(N/A)

Question Stats:

0% (00:00) correct 100% (03:45) wrong based on 1 sessions
By a vote of 9 to 0, the Supreme Court awarded the Central Intelligence Agency broad discretionary powers enabling it to withhold from the public the identities of its sources of intelligence information.

My question is: how does the pronoun 'it' point to the CIA and not to the supreme court?

Is it because a possessive pronoun can be used to refer back to the noun?
I think this is the case but its not crystal clear here.

1. Since the powers were given to the CIA, the CIA now 'possesses' these powers.
2. 'enabling it...' is a modifier of 'powers' and refers back to the owner of 'powers' which is the CIA.

Therefore the pronoun 'it' refers to the CIA.

Can anyone suggest a simpler attack strategy?
VP
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Re: OG SC # 93 [#permalink] New post 04 Jul 2006, 20:03
if we have full text of the question, it would be much easier to diagnose the question.

this is an OG question and all questions are not ideal. in gmat SC, our job is to pick the best among the available ACs, however it is always better to know why "this" and "not that".

i also agree that the use of "it" here is ambigious but A is saiid to be correct because it is the best or least worst among the 5 answer choices.

because of "them" in D and "they" in E, D/E are wrong. in B and C, it is awakward to say "awarded for", therefore they are also out. now remains A.

Quote:
By a vote of 9 to 0, the Supreme Court awarded the Central Intelligence Agency broad discretionary powers enabling it to withold from the public the identities of its sources of intelligence information.

(a) enabling it to withold from the public
(b) for it to withold from the public
(c) for witholding disclosure to the public of
(d) that enable them to withold from public disclosure
(e) that they can withold public disclosure of
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 [#permalink] New post 05 Jul 2006, 06:14
There is no comma after powers so it has a clear referent (The CIA). Besides, like you said, the CIA received the award, hence it was able to withhold info from the public.
  [#permalink] 05 Jul 2006, 06:14
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By a vote of 9 to 0, the Supreme Court awarded the Central

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