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By offering lower prices and a menu of personal

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By offering lower prices and a menu of personal [#permalink] New post 08 Jul 2012, 02:13
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  15% (low)

Question Stats:

76% (01:49) correct 24% (01:07) wrong based on 270 sessions
189. By offering lower prices and a menu of personal communications options, such as caller identification and voice mail, the new telecommunications company has not only captured customers from other phone companies but also forced them to offer competitive prices.
(A) has not only captured customers from other phone companies but also forced them
(B) has not only captured customers from other phone companies, but it also forced them
(C) has not only captured customers from other phone companies but also forced these companies
(D) not only has captured customers from other phone companies but also these companies have been forced
(E) not only captured customers from other phone companies, but it also has forced them


p.s: plz provide an explanation too
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Last edited by Zarrolou on 10 May 2013, 09:58, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: SC- Diff 600-700 [#permalink] New post 08 Jul 2012, 09:22
relative noun concept-them refer to customers or other phone companies so

A, B and E- out

out D and C - C look more logical and precise
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Re: SC- Diff 600-700 [#permalink] New post 08 Jul 2012, 09:53
I agree with jagdeep. C is the correct answer. "Them" provides an ambiguous reference. Adding "These companies" avoid the ambigous reference and thus makes the sentence grammatically correct.

D is incorrect because of the placement of "Has". Has should be before "not only".
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Re: a menu of personal communications options [#permalink] New post 09 Jul 2012, 23:09
THEM in this sentence makes ambiguous, it could refer to customers and other phone companies. So, choice A, B, and E are out.

Choice D is wrong because of parallelism error. Therefore, the final choice is C.
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Re: By offering lower prices and a menu of personal [#permalink] New post 10 May 2013, 09:56
Hi,

Two questions. Pronoun, them is closer to companies than customers, so I think them properly refers to the companies? If not, could you please correct me.

Is there some kind of rule to identify the antecedent of a pronoun other the nearest noun to a pronoun? Please provide a reference link to the explanation.

Also, there is no comma before the conjunction but; Is this fine?
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Re: By offering lower prices and a menu of personal [#permalink] New post 10 May 2013, 15:47
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kiranck007 wrote:
Hi,

Two questions. Pronoun, them is closer to companies than customers, so I think them properly refers to the companies? If not, could you please correct me.


Hi kiranck007

The syntax is: has not only captured X ....., but also forced Y..............
captured // forced
X should be // Y
Hence, "them" does not modify the nearest noun - "customers"
To solve this problem, you repeat the noun/noun phrase you want to mention.

Quote:
Is there some kind of rule to identify the antecedent of a pronoun other the nearest noun to a pronoun? Please provide a reference link to the explanation.

Also, there is no comma before the conjunction but; Is this fine?


* which (relative clause) ==> always modifies a preceding noun or noun phrase
* that (relative clause) ==> always modifies a preceding noun or noun phrase
* V+ing modifier without a comma ==> always modifies a preceding noun or noun phrase
* V+ed modifier ==> always modifies a preceding noun or noun phrase

Hope it helps.
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Re: By offering lower prices and a menu of personal [#permalink] New post 10 May 2013, 20:43
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There is no absolute rule for identifying the antecedent. "Them" can refer to any plural noun in the sentence, as long as "they," "them," or "their" hasn't already been used to refer to some other plural noun. However, it's important to use sentence structure and whatever you can gather of the author's intent to determine the correct antecedent. The GMAT doesn't test pronoun ambiguity much, but since we have a choice in this case to replace the unclear "them" with the actual noun, it's wise to do so.

As for the word but, it does not necessarily require a comma. You definitely use a comma if it's joining two independent clauses:

I'm enjoying the party, but I have to leave now.

However, there are many other cases where we don't need one:

The robot has a small but powerful engine.
All but one of the guests arrived late.
I aced the verbal section but timed out on the quant.

Or, as we see here . ..

She has not only written three bestselling novels but also developed fifteen important patents.

Note that the use of "has not only" vs. "not only has" cannot be decided in isolation. Either construction could work. "Not only . . . but also" is a parallelism indicator, so we can use "has" afterward as long as it is parallel. In other words, we can say "She has not only X but also Y" or "She not only HAS X but also HAS Y." We just can't say "She not only HAS X but also Y." Having said that, I prefer the usage in the correct answer. There's not much reason to use "has" twice.
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Re: By offering lower prices and a menu of personal [#permalink] New post 31 May 2014, 21:13
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

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Re: By offering lower prices and a menu of personal   [#permalink] 31 May 2014, 21:13
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