By the same techniques used for genetically enhancing : GMAT Sentence Correction (SC)
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# By the same techniques used for genetically enhancing

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By the same techniques used for genetically enhancing [#permalink]

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23 Mar 2010, 10:25
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By the same techniques used for genetically enhancing plants, making them disease- or pest-resistant, researchers have been able to increase the amount of protein in potatoes, sweet potatoes, and tobacco.

A. By the same techniques used for genetically enhancing plants, making them
B. With the same techniques to genetically enhance plants, so that they are
C. Employing the same techniques used to genetically enhance plants so that they are
D. Employing the same techniques to genetically enhance plants, which makes them
E. Employing the same techniques for genetically enhancing plants that make them
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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23 Mar 2010, 11:18
i would pick (C)

A. By the same techniques used for genetically enhancing plants, making them - awkward
B. With the same techniques to genetically enhance plants, so that they are - awkward
C. Employing the same techniques used to genetically enhance plants so that they are - correct
D. Employing the same techniques to genetically enhance plants, which makes them - which refers to plant
E. Employing the same techniques for genetically enhancing plants that make them - appears like plant make them disease or pest resistant
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Re: By the same techniques used for genetically enhancing [#permalink]

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21 Jun 2010, 03:51
Even I thought C, but I think this question is wrong. to genetically enhance is a split infinitive error in B, C and D.

So, b/w A and E, E remains.

seekmba wrote:
i would pick (C)

A. By the same techniques used for genetically enhancing plants, making them - awkward
B. With the same techniques to genetically enhance plants, so that they are - awkward
C. Employing the same techniques used to genetically enhance plants so that they are - correct
D. Employing the same techniques to genetically enhance plants, which makes them - which refers to plant
E. Employing the same techniques for genetically enhancing plants that make them - appears like plant make them disease or pest resistant

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Re: By the same techniques used for genetically enhancing [#permalink]

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21 Jun 2010, 08:56
ykaiim wrote:
Even I thought C, but I think this question is wrong. to genetically enhance is a split infinitive error in B, C and D.

So, b/w A and E, E remains.

seekmba wrote:
i would pick (C)

A. By the same techniques used for genetically enhancing plants, making them - awkward
B. With the same techniques to genetically enhance plants, so that they are - awkward
C. Employing the same techniques used to genetically enhance plants so that they are - correct
D. Employing the same techniques to genetically enhance plants, which makes them - which refers to plant
E. Employing the same techniques for genetically enhancing plants that make them - appears like plant make them disease or pest resistant

please explain what is a split infinitive error ??

I will go with C . Yes which refers to plants and I do not see a problem in this. So of I ignore the middleman "which makes them.disease- or pest-resistant..." I get a complete sentence .
thnx

thxn
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Re: By the same techniques used for genetically enhancing [#permalink]

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21 Jun 2010, 09:09
Split infinitive error >>>> to + adverb + verb
For example - to genetically enhance
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Re: By the same techniques used for genetically enhancing [#permalink]

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21 Jun 2010, 18:32
ykaiim wrote:
Split infinitive error >>>> to + adverb + verb
For example - to genetically enhance

thanx
making the discussion complete for readers ..
what is a split infinitive error ?

An infinitive verb form with an element, usually an adverb, interposed between to and the verb form, as in to boldly go.
Usage Note: The split infinitive has been present in English ever since the 14th century, but it was not until the 19th century that grammarians labeled and condemned the usage. The only rationale for condemning the construction is based on a false analogy with Latin. The thinking is that because the Latin infinitive is a single word, the equivalent English construction should be treated as if it were a single unit. But English is not Latin, and distinguished writers have split infinitives without giving it a thought. Noteworthy splitters include John Donne, Daniel Defoe, George Eliot, Benjamin Franklin, Abraham Lincoln, William Wordsworth, and Willa Cather. Still, those who dislike the construction can usually avoid it without difficulty. The sense of the sentence To better understand the miners' plight, he went to live in their district is just as easily expressed by To understand the miners' plight better, he went to live in their district. However, one must take care not to ruin the rhythm of the sentence or create an unintended meaning by displacing an adverb. · When choosing to retain split infinitives, one should be wary of constructions that have more than one word between to and the verb. The Usage Panel is evenly divided on the one-adverb split infinitive. Fifty percent accept it in the sentence The move allowed the company to legally pay the employees severance payments that in some cases exceeded \$30,000. But only 23 percent of the panel accepts the split infinitive in the sentence We are seeking a plan to gradually, systematically, and economically relieve the burden. In some contexts, the split infinitive is unavoidable, as in the sentence We expect our output to more than double in a year. · Excessive zeal in avoiding the split infinitive may result in an awkward placement of adverbs in constructions involving the auxiliary verbs be and have. Infinitive phrases in which the adverb precedes a participle, such as to be rapidly rising, to be clearly understood, and to have been ruefully mistaken, are not split and should be acceptable to everybody. By the same token, there are no grounds for objecting to the position of the adverb in the sentence He is committed to laboriously assembling all of the facts of the case. What is "split" here is not an infinitive but a prepositional phrase.
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Re: By the same techniques used for genetically enhancing [#permalink]

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21 Jun 2010, 20:34
Between C and E.
IMO E.

In C, /Employing the same techniques used to genetically enhance plants so that they are/
can someone explain what does 'they' refer to?techniques or plants ?
i eliminated C as they refers to techniques here
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Re: By the same techniques used for genetically enhancing [#permalink]

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03 Jul 2010, 07:06
ramana wrote:
Between C and E.
IMO E.

In C, /Employing the same techniques used to genetically enhance plants so that they are/
can someone explain what does 'they' refer to?techniques or plants ?
i eliminated C as they refers to techniques here

they clearly refers to plants, at least as per my understanding
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Re: By the same techniques used for genetically enhancing [#permalink]

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03 Jul 2010, 07:12
Between C and E. Leaning towards C.
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Re: By the same techniques used for genetically enhancing [#permalink]

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03 Jul 2010, 23:08
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The correct answer is certainly choice C.

Choice E changes the meaning. With "for" it sounds as though we are using some kind of techniques on genetically enhanced plants; but not necessarily the techniques that caused those genetic enhancements in the first place. That is, it sounds like this: "by using techniques for [this type of plant]".

Choice D also changes the meaning. We need the "used to".

There is no split infinitive error in choice C:

The ninja used his speed TO SWIFTLY KICK his opponent.
Company X used a tax schme TO SUSPICIOUSLY EVADE debts.
Sara used the OG TO QUICKLY LEARN the CR question types.
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Re: By the same techniques used for genetically enhancing [#permalink]

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03 Jul 2010, 23:20
Hi Testluv
Sorry I didn;t get the subtle difference between "used to" and just "to". Whats the difference

thanks
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Re: By the same techniques used for genetically enhancing [#permalink]

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03 Jul 2010, 23:31
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nusmavrik wrote:
Hi Testluv
Sorry I didn;t get the subtle difference between "used to" and just "to". Whats the difference

thanks

In the original sentence, it is clear that today's researchers are employing previously used techniques. Without the "used", in choice D, there isn't any relationship between the first action and the second.
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Re: By the same techniques used for genetically enhancing [#permalink]

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03 Jul 2010, 23:44
Thanks that really helped. I should have compared my option with original sentence.
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Re: By the same techniques used for genetically enhancing [#permalink]

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05 Sep 2010, 02:06
so split infinitives are therefore sometimes acceptable?
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Re: By the same techniques used for genetically enhancing [#permalink]

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01 Feb 2014, 23:25
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Re: By the same techniques used for genetically enhancing [#permalink]

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04 Aug 2014, 01:27
Why "so that they are" is correct in option C ?

use of are reflects present condition and efforts are being employed by scientist to achieve some future state.

I am not sure such usage is fine in C.
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Re: By the same techniques used for genetically enhancing [#permalink]

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06 Aug 2015, 10:11
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

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Re: By the same techniques used for genetically enhancing [#permalink]

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20 Jan 2016, 04:49
Testluv wrote:
The correct answer is certainly choice C.

Choice E changes the meaning. With "for" it sounds as though we are using some kind of techniques on genetically enhanced plants; but not necessarily the techniques that caused those genetic enhancements in the first place. That is, it sounds like this: "by using techniques for [this type of plant]".

Choice D also changes the meaning. We need the "used to".

There is no split infinitive error in choice C:

The ninja used his speed TO SWIFTLY KICK his opponent.
Company X used a tax schme TO SUSPICIOUSLY EVADE debts.
Sara used the OG TO QUICKLY LEARN the CR question types.

Testluv Please help me with this: X told Y to quickly run to the store. Does this sentence has a split infinitive error?
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Re: By the same techniques used for genetically enhancing [#permalink]

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22 Jan 2016, 04:32
Sash143 wrote:
Testluv wrote:
The correct answer is certainly choice C.

Choice E changes the meaning. With "for" it sounds as though we are using some kind of techniques on genetically enhanced plants; but not necessarily the techniques that caused those genetic enhancements in the first place. That is, it sounds like this: "by using techniques for [this type of plant]".

Choice D also changes the meaning. We need the "used to".

There is no split infinitive error in choice C:

The ninja used his speed TO SWIFTLY KICK his opponent.
Company X used a tax schme TO SUSPICIOUSLY EVADE debts.
Sara used the OG TO QUICKLY LEARN the CR question types.

Testluv Please help me with this: X told Y to quickly run to the store. Does this sentence has a split infinitive error?

"Split Infinitives" are always debatable. However, the tip is - (based on the context of the sentence)

- If the split infinitive coveys the intended meaning and sounds idiomatic, then use the structure.

- If the split infinitive sounds awkward or creates ambiguity, then rewrite the sentence

You need to apply the concept to your example sentence and check for its context.

Hope this helps.
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By the same techniques used for genetically enhancing [#permalink]

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22 Jan 2016, 07:03
One good thing about this topic is that it does not depend upon the split infinitive to reject any given choice. The consensus is that split infinitive is not a head-chopper. As one may see, the three choices that use the split –infinitives are less awkward than the other two choices that use the unidiomatic ‘for generating”’
That aside, while choices D and E do deserve to be kicked out for using the relative pronouns to refer to wrong items, even C, one can allege that is not beyond suspicion because the pronoun ‘they’ may refer to wrongly the researchers rather than plants. After all, human beings are as much disease or pest - prone as plants, aren’t they? This may be a weird deduction, yet the essence of a modifier is to ascribe directly to the noun it touches.
Doesn’t Pompeii, Caesar’s wife have to be above suspicion?
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Last edited by daagh on 22 Jan 2016, 22:36, edited 1 time in total.
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