By the year 2008, Harry Potter, J.K. Rowlings' gripping book : GMAT Sentence Correction (SC)
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By the year 2008, Harry Potter, J.K. Rowlings' gripping book

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By the year 2008, Harry Potter, J.K. Rowlings' gripping book [#permalink]

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By the year 2008, Harry Potter, J.K. Rowlings' gripping book series portraying a young wizard's struggle against the evil wizard Lord Voldemort had around 400 million copies in print, making it more than that of almost any other English book ever written.


(A) book series portraying a young wizard's struggle against the evil wizard Lord Voldemort had around 200 million copies in print, making it more than

(B) book series portraying a young wizard's struggle against the evil wizard Lord Voldemort had around 200 million copies in print, which is more than

(C) book series portraying a young wizard's struggle against the evil wizard Lord Voldemort, had around 200 million copies in print, more than

(D) book series portraying a young wizard's struggle against the evil wizard Lord Voldemort, had around 200 million copies in print, making it more than

(E) book series portraying a young wizard's struggle against the evil wizard Lord Voldemort had around 200 million copies in print and is more than

original source: http://www.gmatpill.com/gmat-practice-t ... stion/1539
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Re: Harry Potter VS Lord Voldemort [#permalink]

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New post 24 Jun 2013, 10:40
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EDIT: nvm, completely missed the comma after Harry Potter
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Re: Harry Potter VS Lord Voldemort [#permalink]

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By the year 2008, Harry Potter,(<---start of a modifier) J.K. Rowlings' gripping book series portraying a young wizard's struggle against the evil wizard Lord Voldemort had around 400 million copies in print, making it more than that of almost any other English book ever written.

The comma after Potter starts a modifier that descibes the book, if we remove the modifier the sentence must still make sense. So lets take a look

(A) (...), making it more than. "making it-the book- more than that of almost(...)" is not logical; the sentence has also a modifier problem.
Its structure it's like: Harry Potter, modifier, ING modifier of the preceding clause (of the preceding modifier in this case). This is not a sentence

(B) (...) 200 million copies in print (modifier 1), which is more than (modifier 2). This is not a complete sentence, just modifiers

(C) (...) Lord Voldemort, had around 200 million copies in print, more than
(D) (...) Lord Voldemort, had around 200 million copies in print, making it more than
Finally C and D have a correct modifier of the book. C is clear : "more than" refers to the copies in print.
In D it refers to the book so "making it-the book- more than that of almost(...)" is not logical

(E) is just a huge modifier and has no main verb.

C is correct
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Re: Harry Potter VS Lord Voldemort [#permalink]

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New post 25 Jun 2013, 00:24
Zarrolou wrote:

(E) is just a huge modifier and has no main verb.

C is correct


Can you please elaborate, really need help regarding this, as to how to find out a main verb ... and how to decide whether the sentence is a modifier as in this case or a run on sentence ...
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Re: Harry Potter VS Lord Voldemort [#permalink]

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New post 25 Jun 2013, 00:46
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ankurgupta03 wrote:
Zarrolou wrote:

(E) is just a huge modifier and has no main verb.

C is correct


Can you please elaborate, really need help regarding this, as to how to find out a main verb ... and how to decide whether the sentence is a modifier as in this case or a run on sentence ...


The basic sentence is:

Harry Potter had around 200 million copies in print.

If you add modifiers you cannot change the structure, let me explain with an example.
One of the most succesful book in our generation, Harry Potter had around 200 million copies in print.

That part is a modifier correctly used that does not affect the core sentence.

If however I say:

Harry Potter, which had around 200 million copies in print. This is not a sentence, because if you remove the "which" modifier you are left with "Harry Potter": not a complete sentence.

Same thing with E:
By the year 2008(modifier), Harry Potter (subject), J.K. Rowlings' gripping book series portraying a young wizard's struggle against the evil wizard Lord Voldemort (...) book ever written (this is a description of the book).

If we want to be precise, those are called appositive modifiers, they give a description of a word like in this case with "Harry Potter", and in this case the commas act as boundaries.

The first comma starts a description of the book that never ends, so the structure of the sentence is : modifier, subject, modifier.

A run on sentence is a sentence composed by two (or more) indipendent caluses connected by a comma without FANBOYS (and, but,...)
Example: IC 1= This year I'll go to Paris ; IC 2=Next year I'll go to London
Run on sentence=This year I'll go to Paris, next year I'll go to London
Correct sentence=This year I'll go to Paris, AND next year I'll go to London
Hope it's clear
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Re: Harry Potter VS Lord Voldemort [#permalink]

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GMATPill wrote:
By the year 2008, Harry Potter, J.K. Rowlings' gripping book series portraying a young wizard's struggle against the evil wizard Lord Voldemort had around 400 million copies in print, making it more than that of almost any other English book ever written.


(A) book series portraying a young wizard's struggle against the evil wizard Lord Voldemort had around 200 million copies in print, making it more than

(B) book series portraying a young wizard's struggle against the evil wizard Lord Voldemort had around 200 million copies in print, which is more than

(C) book series portraying a young wizard's struggle against the evil wizard Lord Voldemort, had around 200 million copies in print, more than

(D) book series portraying a young wizard's struggle against the evil wizard Lord Voldemort, had around 200 million copies in print, making it more than

(E) book series portraying a young wizard's struggle against the evil wizard Lord Voldemort had around 200 million copies in print and is more than

original source: http://www.gmatpill.com/gmat-practice-t ... stion/1539


Whenever you see "it", try to analyse which noun it refers to. Here it refers to "book series". Now think, how can a book series be "more than any other English book", it can't. Eliminate A and D.
E is also similar because here we can raise a question- what is more than any other English book. Is it "book series"? But how can a "book series" be more than any other English book. Eliminate E.

By the time you arrive at B and C, you may notice that there is a difference in terms of punctuation comma. The comma is needed to properly use the modifier "more than...." which clearly modifies the number, whereas in B "which" is incorrectly used.
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Re: Harry Potter VS Lord Voldemort [#permalink]

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New post 25 Jun 2013, 18:39
GMATPill wrote:
By the year 2008, Harry Potter, J.K. Rowlings' gripping book series portraying a young wizard's struggle against the evil wizard Lord Voldemort had around 400 million copies in print, making it more than that of almost any other English book ever written.


(A) book series portraying a young wizard's struggle against the evil wizard Lord Voldemort had around 200 million copies in print, making it more than

(B) book series portraying a young wizard's struggle against the evil wizard Lord Voldemort had around 200 million copies in print, which is more than

(C) book series portraying a young wizard's struggle against the evil wizard Lord Voldemort, had around 200 million copies in print, more than

(D) book series portraying a young wizard's struggle against the evil wizard Lord Voldemort, had around 200 million copies in print, making it more than

(E) book series portraying a young wizard's struggle against the evil wizard Lord Voldemort had around 200 million copies in print and is more than

original source: http://www.gmatpill.com/gmat-practice-t ... stion/1539



Hi GMATPILL,

in the question stem " that of almost any other English book ever written.", shouldn't of be for?
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Re: Harry Potter VS Lord Voldemort [#permalink]

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New post 26 Jun 2013, 04:12
We make copies of something.
Lets take an example:
"I am supposed to get 4 copies of the insurance papers that were kept in the drawer."
Do you think that it should be "for". Let's try the same.
"I am supposed to get 4 copies for the insurance papers that were kept in the drawer."
Usage of "for" changes the meaning and its illogical too.
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Re: Harry Potter VS Lord Voldemort [#permalink]

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cumulonimbus wrote:
GMATPill wrote:
By the year 2008, Harry Potter, J.K. Rowlings' gripping book series portraying a young wizard's struggle against the evil wizard Lord Voldemort had around 400 million copies in print, making it more than that of almost any other English book ever written.


(A) book series portraying a young wizard's struggle against the evil wizard Lord Voldemort had around 200 million copies in print, making it more than

(B) book series portraying a young wizard's struggle against the evil wizard Lord Voldemort had around 200 million copies in print, which is more than

(C) book series portraying a young wizard's struggle against the evil wizard Lord Voldemort, had around 200 million copies in print, more than

(D) book series portraying a young wizard's struggle against the evil wizard Lord Voldemort, had around 200 million copies in print, making it more than

(E) book series portraying a young wizard's struggle against the evil wizard Lord Voldemort had around 200 million copies in print and is more than

original source: http://www.gmatpill.com/gmat-practice-t ... stion/1539



Hi GMATPILL,

in the question stem " that of almost any other English book ever written.", shouldn't of be for?


It should be OF - as shown in the non-underlined portion of the sentence.

This is a common comparison structure.

"His GMAT score is higher than that of any other test taker."

You are comparing the gmat score of "him" versus the gmat score OF any other test taker.

"200M copies in print, more than that [the # of copies of print] of almost any other English book ever written."

Here you are comparing the # of copies of print of "Harry Potter" versus the # of copies of print OF almost any other Enligsh book ever written.

So in English, we use the word "OF" in this context to compare things that are kind of a "sub-element" of something we are referring to.

FOR would be incorrect.
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Re: By the year 2008, Harry Potter, J.K. Rowlings' gripping book [#permalink]

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Practicegmat wrote:
Hi,

For (C) , could you please explain what do "that" refer to ?

"more than that of almost any other English book ever written."

Does it refer to print or copies ?

Regards


I received a private message from practicegmat for this:

"That" refers to "number of copies in print".

So the sentence says "had around 200 million copies in print"

So "more than that" refers to the # of million copies in print for "other english books written".

Hope that helps.
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Re: By the year 2008, Harry Potter, J.K. Rowlings' gripping book [#permalink]

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Re: By the year 2008, Harry Potter, J.K. Rowlings' gripping book [#permalink]

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New post 19 Feb 2016, 22:35
I went through the whole discussion but do not understand why B is incorrect. Any help is much appreciated. Thanks.
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By the year 2008, Harry Potter, J.K. Rowlings' gripping book [#permalink]

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KarishmaParmar wrote:
I went through the whole discussion but do not understand why B is incorrect. Any help is much appreciated. Thanks.


KarishmaParmar

The non-essential modifier J.K. Rowlings' gripping book series portraying a young wizard's struggle against the evil wizard Lord Voldemort refers to the subject Harry Potter. Therefore the modifier must be separated by 2 commas, one at the beginning and one at the end. The verb had goes with the subject Harry Potter - therefore this separation of the non-essential modifier is required. Otherwise it may seem as though Lord Vermount is the subject of the verb had.

Hence option B is wrong.
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Re: By the year 2008, Harry Potter, J.K. Rowlings' gripping book [#permalink]

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New post 19 Oct 2016, 03:41
I like Option C best but one thing I thought was really nagging me in the original sentence though it's not in the underlined portion.

Why are they using the singular demonstrative pronoun 'that' rather than 'those' to compare the actual number of copies (shouldn't it be 200 million copies-- more than THOSE of).

Am I missing something here?
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By the year 2008, Harry Potter, J.K. Rowlings' gripping book [#permalink]

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cogen234 wrote:
I like Option C best but one thing I thought was really nagging me in the original sentence though it's not in the underlined portion.

Why are they using the singular demonstrative pronoun 'that' rather than 'those' to compare the actual number of copies (shouldn't it be 200 million copies-- more than THOSE of).

Am I missing something here?


Yes, I agree with you because "those" replaces "copies is print". However if the sentence were modified so as to use the word "number", then the use of "that" would be correct. For example:

By the year 2008, the number of copies in print for Harry Potter, J.K. Rowlings' gripping book series portraying a young wizard's struggle against the evil wizard Lord Voldemort, was around 200 million, more than that for almost any other English book ever written.

In this case "that" would correctly replace "number".

I do also have doubt about the use of simple past. Past perfect is used with time expressions such as "By the year 2008". Following is an excerpt from Manhattan SC guide:

Also note that the later past event does not need to be expressed with a Simple Past tense verb. You could just use a date or another time reference.

Right: By 1945 the United States HAD BEEN at war for several years.
By the year 2008, Harry Potter, J.K. Rowlings' gripping book   [#permalink] 20 Oct 2016, 19:50
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