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Cajuns speak a dialect brought to southern Louisiana by the

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Cajuns speak a dialect brought to southern Louisiana by the [#permalink] New post 07 Jul 2007, 08:26
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A
B
C
D
E

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43% (01:27) correct 57% (00:22) wrong based on 8 sessions
Cajuns speak a dialect brought to southern Louisiana by the four thousand Acadians who migrated there in 1755; their language is basically seventeenth-century French to which has been added English, Spanish and Italian words.
(A) to which has been added English, Spanish and Italian words
(B) added to which is English, Spanish, and Italian words
(C) to which English, Spanish, and Italian words have been added
(D) with English, Spanish, and Italian words having been added to it
(E) and, in addition, English, Spanish, and Italian words are added


Could someone please explains the ans?
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Re: Language Spoken by Cajuns SC1000 [#permalink] New post 07 Jul 2007, 14:41
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AugiTh wrote:
Cajuns speak a dialect brought to southern Louisiana by the four thousand Acadians who migrated there in 1755; their language is basically seventeenth-century French to which has been added English, Spanish and Italian words.

(A) to which has been added English, Spanish and Italian words
this is a list of items. the verb must be plural. has been added is wrong. the answer should be have been added for subject verb agreement.

have added = present perfect
have been added = present perfect progressive
we use present perfect progressive to show an an action that started from the past continues into the present. The French dialect started evolving from a point in the past (1776) and is continuously evolving to the present.


(B) added to which is English, Spanish, and Italian words
subject verb agreement.

(C) to which English, Spanish, and Italian words have been added
correct

(D) with English, Spanish, and Italian words having been added to it
see explanation below

(E) and, in addition, English, Spanish, and Italian words are added
redundant



Could someone please explains the ans?


In my opinion, this is a rather hard question.

D. http://www.gmatclub.com/phpbb/viewtopic.php?t=47981

having + past participle is used to express actions that are finished and to show that one thing comes after another. Furthermore, there is usually a "because relationship between the two.

Correct: Having eaten already, I turned down Megumi's invitation to dinner.

Wrong: Having been sick and having felt tired, Alan did not want to go to work.
this next sentence is NOT okay, because the two things should be happening at the same time

Wrong: Having set, the Sun rose some hours later.
And this sentence is incorrect because there's no "because relationship" between the two parts of the sentence:
The Sun will set and rise no matter what; setting doesn't cause rising, so we shouldn't use the "having + past participle" construction here.
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 [#permalink] New post 07 Jul 2007, 14:44
can someone elaborate on how to which is used?
  [#permalink] 07 Jul 2007, 14:44
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Cajuns speak a dialect brought to southern Louisiana by the

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