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I think there is a slight problem with this question. The correct answer (B), should have a comma after 'college.'

Without the comma, we have a rambling fragment, and the subject 'calculus' lacks a verb.

By placing a comma between both 'Calculus' and 'college' we set off the parenthetical phrase, thereby allow the verb 'involves' to correctly modify the subject 'Calculus.' Thus the corrected correct answer should read:

Calculus, a subject offered to high school students planning to attend college, involves the study of change, and is used in the fields of science and engineering, because it focuses on limits, derivatives, integrals, and infinite series. _________________

Re: Calculus, a subject offered to high school students planning [#permalink]

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09 Aug 2012, 11:49

Please be carefull posting questions. I just wasted 10 mins trying to figure out the correct answer. Without comma after college none of the options were sounding correct to me. I think With comma, this question is very simple.
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Re: Calculus, a subject offered to high school students planning [#permalink]

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18 Aug 2012, 10:13

Calculus, a subject offered to high school students planning to attend college involves the study of change, and is used in the fields of science and engineering, because it focuses on limits, derivatives, integrals, and infinite series. Hi guys, If I choose B as OA, then what is the Subject & Verb agreement applied to the sentence? Why can B is the correct answer?

Thanks ChrisLele, I missed your post. Your correction absolutely makes the B right.

Re: Calculus, a subject offered to high school students planning [#permalink]

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18 Aug 2012, 21:37

Ardy wrote:

Calculus, a subject offered to high school students planning to attend college involving the study of change, is used in the science and engineering fields, because it focuses on limits, derivatives, integrals, and infinite series.

(A) to attend college involving the study of change, is used in the science and engineering fields, because it focuses on (B) to attend college involves the study of change, and is used in the fields of science and engineering, because it focuses on (C) to go to college involving the study of change, and is used in science and engineering fields, because it was focusing on (D) to attend college that involves studying change, and is used in the science and engineering fields, because it focuses on (E) to attend college involving the study of change, which is now used in the science and engineering fields, focuses on

My explanation: Look at the original sentence- Calculus, a subject offered to high school students planning to attend college involving the study of change(appositive phrase so omit it), is used in the science and engineering fields, because it focuses on limits, derivatives, integrals, and infinite series. after we omit appositive phrase- Calculus is used in the science and engineering fields, because it focuses on limits, derivatives, integrals, and infinite series.- not wrong. Other options are missing subject at 2nd half- say choice B- "and is used in the fields of science and engineering" whats the subject before "is" ? its not Calculus here..when we join two independent clause we can use "," conjecture words between two independent clause.-which is missing in B C D.

E- in correctly uses "which". So ans is A

I had the same thing working in my mind...I also went with A!

Re: Calculus, a subject offered to high school students planning [#permalink]

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30 Aug 2012, 04:08

Calculus,a subject offered to high school students planning to attend college involving the study of change, is used in the science and engineering fields, because it focuses on limits, derivatives, integrals, and infinite series.

Removing the middle modifier the stem reduces to : Calculus ............. IS used in the sc & engg fields.

Vertical scan reveals : Only A to fit the bill

however scanning of B / C / D / E resonates the same :

(B) Calculus................and is used .................... Eliminated

(C) Calculus ...............and is used .................... Eliminated

(D) Calculus ................and is used ................... Eliminated

(E) Calculus .............to attend college involving the study of change, which is now used .................. : WHICH incorrectly modifies ....Change whereas it should modify calculus ........... = Eliminated

Re: Calculus, a subject offered to high school students planning [#permalink]

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30 Aug 2012, 04:24

skmskm wrote:

Calculus,a subject offered to high school students planning to attend college involving the study of change, is used in the science and engineering fields, because it focuses on limits, derivatives, integrals, and infinite series.

Removing the middle modifier the stem reduces to : Calculus ............. IS used in the sc & engg fields.

Vertical scan reveals : Only A to fit the bill

however scanning of B / C / D / E resonates the same :

(B) Calculus................and is used .................... Eliminated

(C) Calculus ...............and is used .................... Eliminated

(D) Calculus ................and is used ................... Eliminated

(E) Calculus .............to attend college involving the study of change, which is now used .................. : WHICH incorrectly modifies ....Change whereas it should modify calculus ........... = Eliminated

leading to A , my take

I think u have skipped one unavoidable error in the original sentence. "a subject offered to high school students planning to attend college involving the study of change" Here the ing-modifier without comma is modifying the noun college and makes the intent nonsensical.

Hence the correct option is B. Calculus involves study of change and is used in science & engg...... (maintains parallelism)

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Re: Calculus, a subject offered to high school students planning [#permalink]

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30 Aug 2012, 04:54

SOURH7WK wrote:

skmskm wrote:

Calculus,a subject offered to high school students planning to attend college involving the study of change, is used in the science and engineering fields, because it focuses on limits, derivatives, integrals, and infinite series.

Removing the middle modifier the stem reduces to : Calculus ............. IS used in the sc & engg fields.

Vertical scan reveals : Only A to fit the bill

however scanning of B / C / D / E resonates the same :

(B) Calculus................and is used .................... Eliminated

(C) Calculus ...............and is used .................... Eliminated

(D) Calculus ................and is used ................... Eliminated

(E) Calculus .............to attend college involving the study of change, which is now used .................. : WHICH incorrectly modifies ....Change whereas it should modify calculus ........... = Eliminated

leading to A , my take

I think u have skipped one unavoidable error in the original sentence. "a subject offered to high school students planning to attend college involving the study of change" Here the ing-modifier without comma is modifying the noun college and makes the intent nonsensical.

Hence the correct option is B. Calculus involves study of change and is used in science & engg...... (maintains parallelism)

Thanks Buddy @ SOURH for pointing that out ; Overlooked the portion college INVOLVES = Guess a comma preceeding INVOLVES would have helped in avoiding such oversights.

B : Calculus, a subject offered to high school students planning to attend college, INVOLVES the study of change, AND is used in the science and engineering fields, because it focuses on limits, derivatives, integrals, and infinite series.

thus the reduced stem : Calculus involves X...................AND...................IS used in Y

Re: Calculus, a subject offered to high school students planning [#permalink]

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30 Aug 2012, 08:18

I agree with daagh, withouth the correct comma use this question becomes much harder. Logically, only 'involes' could be correct as colleges can't participate in involving change.
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11 Mar 2014, 10:58

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Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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Re: Calculus, a subject offered to high school students planning [#permalink]

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09 Jun 2014, 23:39

I took the wrong option ... I could not make out the parallelism among the given option so marked A as answer though involving incorrectly modifying College .. Experts please explainn where I am wrong ..

Re: Calculus, a subject offered to high school students planning [#permalink]

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24 Jun 2014, 09:31

Calculus, a subject offered to high school students planning to attend college involving the study of change, is used in the science and engineering fields, because it focuses on limits, derivatives, integrals, and infinite series.

Calculus, a subject offered to high school students planning to attend college involving the study of change, is used in the ...........

students planning - planning modifies students college involving - involving incorrectly modifies college. College does not involve the study of change. Calculus involves the study of change.

So involving, a verb-ing modifier needs to be converted to involves, a verb. When we change involving to involves, the second verb 'is' needs to be connected with and.

These two issues are rectified in B. So B is the correct answer.

Re: Calculus, a subject offered to high school students planning [#permalink]

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25 Jun 2014, 13:34

Comma is missing in B.

Moderator kindly place comma in option B before verb.
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Re: Calculus, a subject offered to high school students planning [#permalink]

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26 Jun 2014, 17:33

If B is correct then the sentence has fragment error since there is no verb for Calculus

Calculus, a subject offered to high school students planning to attend college involves the study of change, and is used in the fields of science and engineering, because it focuses onlimits, derivatives, integrals, and infinite series.

Here a subject has two verbs offered and is used

Calculus, a subject offered to high school students planning to attend college, involves the study of change, and is used in the fields of science and engineering, because it focuses onlimits, derivatives, integrals, and infinite series.

Re: Calculus, a subject offered to high school students planning [#permalink]

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22 Jan 2015, 20:11

Calculus, a subject offered to high school students planning to attend college involving the study of change, is used in the science and engineering fields, because it focuses on limits, derivatives, integrals, and infinite series.

(A) to attend college involving the study of change, is used in the science and engineering fields, because it focuses on

Underlined means the college focuses on study of change - Wrong answer. It changes the meaning of sentence.

(B) to attend college involves the study of change, and is used in the fields of science and engineering, because it focuses on

Underlined does not mean the college focuses on study of change. It seems to modify calculus i.e. a subject that deals with study of change - possible answer - HOLD

(C) to go to college involving the study of change, and is used in science and engineering fields, because it was focusing on

Underlined means the college focuses on study of change - Wrong answer. It changes the meaning of sentence.

(D) to attend college that involves studying change, and is used in the science and engineering fields, because it focuses on

Underlined means the college focuses on study of change - Wrong answer. It changes the meaning of sentence.

(E) to attend college involving the study of change, which is now used in the science and engineering fields, focuses on

Underlined means the college focuses on study of change - Wrong answer. It changes the meaning of sentence.

Re: Calculus, a subject offered to high school students planning [#permalink]

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29 Jan 2015, 13:20

A nice One ! Answered in 2:16sec 1 , to go or to attend Eliminate C 2 , Involving and involves Eliminate involving Left B and D Studying change or study of change B

Re: Calculus, a subject offered to high school students planning [#permalink]

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05 Feb 2015, 22:18

Calculus, a subject offered to high school students planning to attend college involving the study of change, is used in the science and engineering fields, because it focuses on limits, derivatives, integrals, and infinite series.

(A) to attend college involving the study of change, is used in the science and engineering fields, because it focuses on (B) to attend college involves the study of change, and is used in the fields of science and engineering, because it focuses on (C) to go to college involving the study of change, and is used in science and engineering fields, because it was focusing on (D) to attend college that involves studying change, and is used in the science and engineering fields, because it focuses on (E) to attend college involving the study of change, which is now used in the science and engineering fields, focuses on

Only A is the possible answer as it is a complete sentence. All others are sentence fragment. Read out the whole sentence by removing fluff or non vital modifiers(separated by comma after Calculus) and A clearly comes out as only possible solution. Either the OA is wrong or the question source is ambiguous.

Re: Calculus, a subject offered to high school students planning [#permalink]

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01 Sep 2015, 21:29

Calculus, not College, involves the study of change. Every option other than B gives presents the flawed connection between the college and the study of change.
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