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California , Washington and Oregon have begun to enforce

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Senior Manager
Senior Manager
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Joined: 17 Jul 2008
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Kudos [?]: 68 [0], given: 29

California , Washington and Oregon have begun to enforce [#permalink] New post 31 Aug 2009, 01:56
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

(N/A)

Question Stats:

100% (01:47) correct 0% (00:00) wrong based on 4 sessions
California , Washington and Oregon have begun to enforce legislative bans prohibiting drivers to talk on mobile phones without a headset , send text messages , or browse the Internet.

A prohibiting drivers to talk on mobile phones without a headset, send text messages , or browse the Internet.

B prohibiting that drivers talk on mobile phones without a headset , send text messages , or browse the Internet.

C prohibiting drivers from talking on mobile phones without a headset, sending text messages , or browsing the Internet.

D that talking on mobile phones without a headset, sending text messages , and browsing the Internet cannot be done by drivers.

E that drivers cannot talk on mobile phones without a headset , send text messages , or browse the Internet.



Could someone provide explanation for that one. Nice explanations will be appreciated via kudos :)) . Thanks all for your help :) . OA after explanations.
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Re: legislative bans [#permalink] New post 01 Sep 2009, 09:57
Expert's post
Hi Perfectstranger.

On the GMAT, the word 'prohibit' always takes the preposition 'from'. This eliminates A and B; C correctly uses 'from' with 'prohibit,' while D and E excise 'prohibit' entirely.

D and E, however, are both awkward. In this context, the word 'that' has to identify or define the preceding noun; neither 'talking on mobile phones' nor 'drivers cannot talk on mobile phones' make grammatical sense as a definition of the bans. The bans FORBID 'talking on phones' and STATE 'drivers cannot talk on phones', but without those words the sentences are incorrect.

C is idiomatically and grammatically correct.
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Manager
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Re: legislative bans [#permalink] New post 01 Sep 2009, 10:06
IMO, C.

The idiom is "prohibit X from Y"

So the only option that is syntactically correct is option C.

We could also use POE,

A) prohibiting drivers to - incorrect
B) prohibiting that - incorrect
C) prohibit drivers from talking, texting, or browsing - idiom is correct and parallel so best option
D) with the use of conjunction 'and' changes the meaning of the sentence.
it means now that "talking, texting, and browsing" (all together at once) is not allowed.
- incorrect
E) this is the only contender but since it has 2 negatives, 1. eliminates the idiom and 2. is indirect speech
I could have selected this option if option C was different than what we have now.
- incorrect
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Re: legislative bans [#permalink] New post 01 Sep 2009, 14:37
One more thing I want to add for prohibit is
prohibit takes gerund, so usually construction will
prohibit + from + gerund
Re: legislative bans   [#permalink] 01 Sep 2009, 14:37
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