Can any research be found to validate the contention that those who spend time plucking out their gray hairs have more negative attitudes toward the elderly than those who shrug their shoulders about their gray hairs? Unless a person’s psychopathology leads him or her to overgeneralize, there is no necessary connection. Certainly it is reasonable to like the elderly yet dislike the idea of impaired eyesight and hearing. Furthermore, holding negative attitudes toward older people merely because they are old is immoral, according to nearly universally accepted ethical standards. But there is nothing immoral about disliking some concomitants of the aging process.
1. Which one of the following best expresses the main point of the passage?
(A) It cannot be assumed that people who dislike some of the physical concomitants of growing old necessarily have negative feelings toward the elderly.
(B) To dislike some of the physical concomitants growing old is reasonable, while to dislike the elderly is immoral.
(C) Since no one likes the physical concomitants of growing old, it is wrong to dislike the elderly merely because of their physical characteristics.
(D) Being elderly is fine, but the process of becoming elderly is not; and people need to understand the distinction between the two.
(E) To dislike the elderly is immoral, and to do so just because one dislikes some of the physical concomitants of growing old is unreasonable.
2. In order to advance her point of view, the author does all of the following EXCEPT
(A) dismiss an assertion as unfounded
(B) appeal to reason
(C) appeal to a general principle
(D) discredit a common stereotype about the elderly
(E) make a distinction about attitudes
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