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can anybody tell the difference between a noun phrase and

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can anybody tell the difference between a noun phrase and [#permalink] New post 06 Mar 2012, 09:08
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can anybody tell the difference between a noun phrase and simple gerund phrase with examples.

Rising inventories, when unaccompanied correspondingly by increases in sales, can lead to production cutbacks that would hamper economic growth.

The rising of costs of data-processing operations at many financial institutions has created a growing opportunity for independent companies to provide these services more efficiently and at lower cost.
(A) The rising of costs->

(B) Rising costs

(C) The rising cost

(D) Because the rising cost

(E) Because of rising costs


Having good friends is a wonderful thing.

can some body explain which one is simple gerund phrase and which one is noun phrase. How can we identify them
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Re: difference between simple gerund phrase and noun phrase [#permalink] New post 06 Mar 2012, 09:23
Hey buddy,
Simple gerund phrases are those that are noun from outside but verb from inside. To make the point more simpler, consider this example
Raising voice can be bad for the throat, here Raising voice is a simple gerund( verb + ing used as noun) however, the word Raising voice is still simple and can be used in verb form also such as
you are raising voice unnecessarily. ( used as verb)
however, the complex gerund is noun through and through, thus can't be used as verb.
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Re: difference between simple gerund phrase and noun phrase [#permalink] New post 07 Mar 2012, 01:20
Answer is C

the subject "has created " a growing opportunity ...

Therefore, subject must be singular.


Simple Gerund : Drinking tea is healthy.
Watching TV makes you stupid.

Complex Gerund : The rising cost
The watching of TV
The sleeping on the bed.

I could not really come up with good examples , but in parallel questions you can parallel complex gerunds with action nouns .

"The watching of TV and consumption of tea " is more preferable than " Watching TV and consumption of tea "
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Re: difference between simple gerund phrase and noun phrase [#permalink] New post 07 Mar 2012, 07:28
Hai thank you very much for your explanations. I have another doubt:

noun phrase : It includes noun and its modifiers
simple gerund phrase: verb+ ing. We can easily a sentence with ver+ing as a wroking verb.

1) Rising inventories:
"inventories" is noun and "rising" is adjective modifying noun "inventories".
rising (verb+ ing): X , a business man, is rising inventories in his warehouse. ( verb+ ing is used as working verb).
is "rising inventories " noun phrase and simple gerund phrase?

2)Having good friends
having (verb+ing) . "good friends" is noun and is "having" adjective?
"having good friends" is noun phrase or gerund phrase?

please explain
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Re: difference between simple gerund phrase and noun phrase [#permalink] New post 07 Mar 2012, 07:53
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Noun phrase : A word group with a noun or pronoun as its head. The noun head can be accompanied by modifiers, determiners (such as the, a, her), and/or complements. (http://grammar.about.com/od/mo/g/nounphraseterm.htm)

Rising inventories : The head inventories is accompanied by the simple gerund rising as its modifier.

Verbal phrase : A noun that is derived from a verb (usually by adding the suffix -ing) and that exhibits the ordinary properties of a noun. (http://grammar.about.com/od/tz/g/verbalnounterm.htm)

Having good friends is a verbal noun with simple gerund.
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Re: difference between simple gerund phrase and noun phrase [#permalink] New post 07 Mar 2012, 07:55
Though , I am not very sure whether a verbal noun can be termed as noun phrase .
Re: difference between simple gerund phrase and noun phrase   [#permalink] 07 Mar 2012, 07:55
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