Find all School-related info fast with the new School-Specific MBA Forum

It is currently 23 Aug 2014, 09:29

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Events & Promotions

Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

can someone expalin me what is realtive clause modifier and

  Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:
Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 25 Jul 2010
Posts: 8
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 0 [0], given: 1

can someone expalin me what is realtive clause modifier and [#permalink] New post 08 Mar 2011, 22:26
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  5% (low)

Question Stats:

63% (01:45) correct 38% (00:51) wrong based on 8 sessions
can someone expalin me what is realtive clause modifier and how it is used in sentence correcntion. I came across the below example adn would like to understand why i have to use "that"

A ballad by Simon Taylor, written in the same year as The Golden Sun were recorded, shows that Taylor was a more diverse musician than is commonly believed.

A. A ballad by Simon Taylor, written in the same year as The Golden Sun were recorded
B. A ballad by Simon Taylor, written in the same year of recording as The Golden Sun
C. A ballad by Simon Taylor, written in the same year that The Golden Sun was recorded
D. Simon Taylor wrote a ballad in the same year as he recorded The Golden Sun that
E. Simon Taylor wrote a ballad in the same year of recording as The Golden Sun that

The best answer is C. In this sentence, the relative pronoun that should introduce the clause The Golden Sun.. recorded to make a relative clause modifying year. Also, the singular title of the song demands a singular verb: was. Why “that” has to be used.?

One more example:

xxxDr. Russel’s hypothesis of the teeth belonging to an extinct animal was verified by comparing the findings with large teeth and bone specimens at the Hunterian Museum of the Royal College of Surgeons in England.
A. of the teeth belonging to an extinct animal was verified by comparing the findings with large teeth and bone specimens at the Hunterian Museum of the Royal College of Surgeons in England
B. of the teeth belonging to an extinct animal was verified through a comparison with findings with large teeth and bone specimens at England’s Hunterian Museum of the Royal College of Surgeons.
C. that the teeth they found belonged to an extinct animal was verified by comparing the findings with large teeth and bone specimens at the Hunterian Museum of the Royal College of Surgeons in England
D. which was that the teeth belonged to an extinct animal, was verified by comparing the findings with large teeth and bone specimens at England’s Hunterian Museum of the Royal College of Surgeons.
E. which was verified by comparing the findings with large teeth and bone specimens at the Hunterian Museum of the Royal College of Surgeons in England, was that the teeth belonged to an extinct animal

The best answer is C. Choice A and B are faulty because a relative clause beginning with that is needed to state Dr. Russel’s hypothesis. D and E are awkward and wordy, and both use which where that would be the preferred pronoun for introducing a clause that states Dr. Russel’s hypothesis. Why do I need a realtive clause here? What does “They” refer to in the sentence? Where is precedent of pronoun “They”?
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
Director
Director
avatar
Status: Matriculating
Affiliations: Chicago Booth Class of 2015
Joined: 03 Feb 2011
Posts: 931
Followers: 11

Kudos [?]: 190 [0], given: 123

Reviews Badge
Re: relative clause modifier [#permalink] New post 08 Mar 2011, 22:41
You can eliminate A since it has SV error - "were" is plural and cannot associate with singular noun "The Golden Sun". That leaves only C as the answer.

"that" in C refers to the "year". The SC is announcing emphatically that it was the same year.

djmehta wrote:
can someone expalin me what is realtive clause modifier and how it is used in sentence correcntion. I came across the below example adn would like to understand why i have to use "that"

A ballad by Simon Taylor, written in the same year as The Golden Sun were recorded, shows that Taylor was a more diverse musician than is commonly believed.

A. A ballad by Simon Taylor, written in the same year as The Golden Sun were recorded
B. A ballad by Simon Taylor, written in the same year of recording as The Golden Sun
C. A ballad by Simon Taylor, written in the same year that The Golden Sun was recorded
D. Simon Taylor wrote a ballad in the same year as he recorded The Golden Sun that
E. Simon Taylor wrote a ballad in the same year of recording as The Golden Sun that

The best answer is C. In this sentence, the relative pronoun that should introduce the clause The Golden Sun.. recorded to make a relative clause modifying year. Also, the singular title of the song demands a singular verb: was. Why “that” has to be used.?
1 KUDOS received
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
avatar
Joined: 09 Feb 2011
Posts: 285
Concentration: General Management, Social Entrepreneurship
Schools: HBS '14 (A)
GMAT 1: 770 Q50 V47
Followers: 10

Kudos [?]: 114 [1] , given: 10

GMAT Tests User
Re: relative clause modifier [#permalink] New post 08 Mar 2011, 23:12
1
This post received
KUDOS
You know that a modifier is something that is used to mofidy a Noun Phrase in a sentence..
Let our basic sentence be: John sings
If I modify it to say: 'The legendary singer John sings' Legendary singer is a noun phrase which modifies the noun John: Noun Phrase Modifier
'Tall and handsome John sings' : Adjective phrase modifier
'John with his baritone sings' : Prepositional phrase modifier
'John smiling happily sings' : Verb phrase modifier
And finally,
'John, whom I love so much, sings' : RELATIVE clause modifier.
Relative phrase modifiers are relative clauses beginning with relative pronouns like whom, who, that, which, whose, where, when, why etc.
Note that this is a modifier which is a complete clause: contains a subject and a predicate.
In examples you cited,
1. C. 'that the Golden year was recorded' is a relative clause modifier. It modifies the 'year'. In the same sentence 'written in the same year..' is a verb phrase modifier, modifying the ballad.

2. C. ' that the...animal' modifies the noun 'Dr. Russel's hypothesis'
Use of they is incidental I think.
Hope that helps.
Director
Director
User avatar
Joined: 21 Dec 2010
Posts: 658
Followers: 10

Kudos [?]: 79 [0], given: 51

GMAT Tests User
Re: relative clause modifier [#permalink] New post 08 Mar 2011, 23:24
@vivesomnium , that is a decent explanation . did i use a relative clause ?
anyway , the usage of 'they' in the second sentence, is strange, how can it be incidental ?
_________________

What is of supreme importance in war is to attack the enemy's strategy.

Senior Manager
Senior Manager
avatar
Joined: 09 Feb 2011
Posts: 285
Concentration: General Management, Social Entrepreneurship
Schools: HBS '14 (A)
GMAT 1: 770 Q50 V47
Followers: 10

Kudos [?]: 114 [0], given: 10

GMAT Tests User
Re: relative clause modifier [#permalink] New post 08 Mar 2011, 23:33
No, you didnt: You used that as a pronoun pointing to the explanation I gave. In the sentence, 'that' didnt modify anything, did it?

Also, option C would have been correct if the phrase'they found' was removed. It's addition to the sentence doesnt make it grammatically wrong..It does bring additional information though, that the teeth in question were found by an unkown 'they', however, in absence of any other option being gramatically correct, that doesnt remain much of a flaw..
SVP
SVP
User avatar
Joined: 01 Oct 2013
Posts: 1656
Followers: 230

Kudos [?]: 51 [0], given: 0

Premium Member
Re: can someone expalin me what is realtive clause modifier and [#permalink] New post 12 Oct 2013, 01:44
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.
Re: can someone expalin me what is realtive clause modifier and   [#permalink] 12 Oct 2013, 01:44
    Similar topics Author Replies Last post
Similar
Topics:
Experts publish their posts in the topic What Does It Mean for Clause to be Modified? TooLong150 2 19 Mar 2014, 18:05
Experts publish their posts in the topic Can "which" modify a clause? benyahalom 4 27 Aug 2013, 03:46
1 can someone tell me what is the meaning of "the lxhalongside 3 07 Mar 2009, 06:59
Experts publish their posts in the topic What is the units digit of (8^8) / 2? can someone give me bmwhype2 9 14 Nov 2007, 14:08
Can someone Inspire me alimad 9 27 Jun 2006, 22:34
Display posts from previous: Sort by

can someone expalin me what is realtive clause modifier and

  Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  


GMAT Club MBA Forum Home| About| Privacy Policy| Terms and Conditions| GMAT Club Rules| Contact| Sitemap

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group and phpBB SEO

Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.