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Candidate: The government spends $500 more each year

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Candidate: The government spends $500 more each year [#permalink] New post 13 Jan 2011, 07:17
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  95% (hard)

Question Stats:

28% (02:51) correct 72% (02:32) wrong based on 43 sessions
Candidate: The government spends $500 more each year promoting highway safety than it spends combating cigarette smoking. But each year many more people die from smoking smoking-related diseases than die highway accidents. So the government would save lives by shifting funds from highway safety programs to antismoking programs.

The flawed reasoning in which one of the following arguments most closely parallels the flawed reasoning in the candidate's argument?

A. The government enforces the speed limit on freeways much more closely than on tollways. But many more people die each year in auto accidents on freeways than die on auto accidents on tollways. So the government would save lives by shifting funds from enforcement of speed limits on freeways to enforcement of speed limits on tollways.

B. A certain professional musician spends several times as many hours practicing guitar as she spends practicing saxophone. But she is hired much more often to play saxophone than to play guitar, so she would increase her number of playing engagements by spending less time practicing guitar and more time practicing saxophone.

C. Automobiles burn more gas per minute on highways than on residential streets. But they get fewer miles per gallon on residential streets. Therefore, gas would be saved by driving less on residential streets Therefore, gas would be saved by driving less on residential streets and more on highways.

D. The local swim team spends many more hours practicing the backstroke than it spends practicing the breaststroke. But the team's lap time for the breaststroke are much better than its times for the backstroke, so the team would win more swim meets if it spent less time practicing the backstroke and more time practicing the breaststroke.

E. Banks have higher profit margin on loans that have a higher interest rate than on loans that have a low interest rate. But borrowers are willing to borrow larger sums at low rates than at high rates. Therefore, bankds would be more profitable if they gave more loans at low rates and fewer loans at high rates.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: Parallel Reasoning [#permalink] New post 13 Jan 2011, 07:22
First I tried to identify the Flaw in the reasoning and then tried to find an option which had an identical flaw
The government spends $500 more each year promoting highway safety than it spends combating cigarette smoking. But each year many more people die from smoking smoking-related diseases than die highway accidents. So the government would save lives by shifting funds from highway safety programs to antismoking programs.
The argument overlooks the possiblity that less fatalities on the Highways could have been a result of the extra funds that the govt spends on the Highways
But i didnt find any option which had an identical Flaw so at the end with D .
Can Someone help me understand this pt.
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Re: Parallel Reasoning [#permalink] New post 13 Jan 2011, 22:24
My answer is A..I think its very clear.
But the OA is given as B.
Can anyone explain the reasoning behind this.??
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Re: Parallel Reasoning [#permalink] New post 17 Jan 2011, 17:45
Fact1: Govt spends $500mill more on HS than CS.
Fact2: CS claims more lives than HS
Conc: Govt would save lives [less claimed lives] by spending less on HS and more on CS.
Goal: Claim less lives - Does our conc. meet this goal with support of facts? Yes.


(B) Fact1: Musician spends more hours on G than S.
Fact2: Gets more jobs for S than G
Conc: Get more jobs by spending less hours on G and more on S
Goal: Get more jobs - Does our conc. meet this goal with support of facts? Yes.

(D) Fact1: Swim team spends more hours on backstroke than breaststroke
Fact2: Breaststroke times are better than backstroke times
Conc: Win more meets by spending less time on backstroke & more time on breaststroke.
Goal: Win more meets - Does our conc. meet this goal with support of facts? No.

(D) clearly misses the point in connecting Conc. with with Fact2.
Conc deals with winning races, Fact2 deals with better times.
There is no stated fact that better times lead to more winned races.
In Stimulus and (B) the conclusion, while flawed, is based off stated facts..
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Re: Parallel Reasoning [#permalink] New post 19 Jan 2011, 05:08
Thanks for the explanation onedayill. I went with D as well.
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Re: Parallel Reasoning [#permalink] New post 13 Apr 2011, 21:22
The answer is B.
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Re: Parallel Reasoning [#permalink] New post 13 Apr 2011, 22:48
I was a bit confused too. Good explanation onedayill, thanks.
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Re: Parallel Reasoning [#permalink] New post 25 Apr 2011, 08:23
i still dont perform well on these flawed reasoning questions , this kind of questions irritate me.@onedayill , i think your reasoning and method makes sense. thanks for explaining the method
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Re: Parallel Reasoning [#permalink] New post 25 May 2011, 07:58
between B and D I always end up picking up D.
Guess swimming is better than playing a guitar. :)
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Re: Parallel Reasoning   [#permalink] 25 May 2011, 07:58
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