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Carnivorous mammals can endure

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Carnivorous mammals can endure [#permalink] New post 06 Mar 2014, 08:13
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A
B
C
D
E

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92% (01:16) correct 8% (00:37) wrong based on 0 sessions
Carnivorous mammals can endure what would otherwise be lethal levels of body heat because they have a heat-exchange network which kept the brain from getting too hot.

(A) which kept
(B) that keeps
(C) which has kept
(D) which keeps
(E) having kept

This Question is similar to OG12 SC-10
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Re: Carnivorous mammals can endure [#permalink] New post 12 Mar 2014, 09:36
D would also be considered correct on the GMAT.
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Re: Carnivorous mammals can endure [#permalink] New post 12 Mar 2014, 10:24
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This clearly splits down to either B or D. You could make a meaning argument for "that" vs. "which" because the last part of the sentence seems essential. The real killer for D is the lack of a comma for which and on the GMAT you need the comma with which.

KW
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Re: Carnivorous mammals can endure [#permalink] New post 12 Mar 2014, 10:44
The explanation for Q10 in the official guide suggests that the GMAT prefers "that" for use with a restrictive clause, but mentions that insistence on the rule is controversial. I've also seen other official questions in which "which" was used with a restrictive clause (without the comma).

But I doubt that the GMAT would include "that" and "which" in future questions with no other grounds to choose between them. :)
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Re: Carnivorous mammals can endure [#permalink] New post 12 Mar 2014, 11:20
Expert's post
Agreed - I would be surprised to see the GMAT continue with a problem like this on the real test.

It may be helpful for the forum to see some of your OG examples of "which" in restrictive uses without the comma. Can you share those?

KW
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Re: Carnivorous mammals can endure [#permalink] New post 12 Mar 2014, 19:44
In q10 of the OG, note that two options use which. Both the options make crucial tense errors.

Similarly, in Q92 of the Verbal Review (second edition), three options use which with a restrictive clause. Those options contain crucial errors (missing a definite article, using cycles to refer to the life cycle of a single parasite, ambiguous pronoun references). The explanation doesn't call out the use of which with a restrictive clause. If it had been an important distinction, they would have mentioned it.

It's possible that the explanations aren't written by the same team that framed the questions. But even so, the inclusion of which without the comma in three of the five options suggests (to me, anyway) that the GMAT doesn't seem to consider the distinction important. I am fairly certain that the GMAT won't make this the primary error in any question.

If it does do that, then we are in trouble. :)
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Re: Carnivorous mammals can endure [#permalink] New post 13 Mar 2014, 13:53
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I agree...based on the "controversial" wording of the explanations I don't think we will see any "which" vs. "that" questions in the future. It is interesting that the uses of "which" with a restrictive clause (no comma) all have other fatal flaws. Perhaps that is the GMAT's way of warming people up to that new usage of "which", but I really would be surprised to see "which" used correctly with a restrictive clause. The GMAT is always changing, so only time will tell...

KW
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Re: Carnivorous mammals can endure   [#permalink] 13 Mar 2014, 13:53
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