Cellular phones and fax machines are to todays business : GMAT Sentence Correction (SC)
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# Cellular phones and fax machines are to todays business

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Senior Manager
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04 Jun 2008, 10:25
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Cellular phones and fax machines are to today’s business world just as dictation and a stenographer was to a former time.

just as dictation and a stenographer was
as dictation and stenographers have been
what dictation and stenographers were
what dictation and a stenographer is
just like dictation and stenographers are
If you have any questions
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04 Jun 2008, 10:41
B for me.

1. construction 'X and Y' requires plural verb - B,C,D remain
2. 'like' compares nouns and 'as' compares clauses - B,C remain.
3. I guess 'as' is correct here, but I'm not sure about Present Perfect tense....
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04 Jun 2008, 12:16
lexis wrote:
Cellular phones and fax machines are to today’s business world just as dictation and a stenographer was to a former time.

just as dictation and a stenographer was
as dictation and stenographers have been
what dictation and stenographers were
what dictation and a stenographer is
just like dictation and stenographers are

A, D Out --> Sub-Ver Agreement
B out ---> are || have been -- not parallel.

between C & E

E looks better

What is OA.
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04 Jun 2008, 12:55
Sentence has agreement and Tense issues.

just as dictation and a stenographer was [Combined Subject “dictation and a stenographer” requires plural verb – eliminate it]
as dictation and stenographers have been [ Tense Issue – Simple past is preferred over present perfect – eliminate it]
what dictation and stenographers were [Hold it]
what dictation and a stenographer is [Tense issue – eliminate it]
just like dictation and stenographers are [Like cannot introduce Clauses – eliminate it]

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04 Jun 2008, 17:20
straight C. "were" goes with the "former time".
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05 Jun 2008, 06:27
C cause - Cellular phones and fax machines are to today’s business world what [things that] dictation and stenographers were [past simple - it was in the past and doesn't present today] to a former time. Clear for me.
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05 Jun 2008, 06:33
lexis wrote:
Cellular phones and fax machines are to today’s business world just as dictation and a stenographer was to a former time.

just as dictation and a stenographer was
as dictation and stenographers have been
what dictation and stenographers were
what dictation and a stenographer is
just like dictation and stenographers are

C.
Idiomatic + correct subject verb agreement"A & B were", concise
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05 Jun 2008, 11:41
"X is what Y was" is the idiom being tested (in this case the plural version "X are what Y were")

C
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05 Jun 2008, 16:30
When talking about "former time" we need to use past tense and not present tense or present perfect tense, this eliminates B, D, and E.

just as dictation and a stenographer was
"dictation and a stenographer" is plural so we need to use "were" and not was, so incorrect.

what dictation and stenographers were
The best one left.

I will go with C.
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05 Jun 2008, 22:50
OA is C.

hanumayamma wrote:
Sentence has agreement and Tense issues.

just as dictation and a stenographer was [Combined Subject “dictation and a stenographer” requires plural verb – eliminate it]
as dictation and stenographers have been [ Tense Issue – Simple past is preferred over present perfect – eliminate it]
what dictation and stenographers were [Hold it]
what dictation and a stenographer is [Tense issue – eliminate it]
just like dictation and stenographers are [Like cannot introduce Clauses – eliminate it]

barfer wrote:
C cause - Cellular phones and fax machines are to today’s business world what [things that] dictation and stenographers were [past simple - it was in the past and doesn't present today] to a former time. Clear for me.

"X is what Y was" is the idiom being tested (in this case the plural version "X are what Y were")

C
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