Certain governments subsidize certain basic agricultural : GMAT Critical Reasoning (CR)
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# Certain governments subsidize certain basic agricultural

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Director
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Certain governments subsidize certain basic agricultural [#permalink]

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17 May 2005, 15:18
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25. Certain governments subsidize certain basic agricultural products in order to guarantee an adequate domestic production of them. But subsidies encourage more intensive farming, which eventually leads to soil exhaustion and drastically reduced yields.

The situation above is most nearly similar to which one of the following situations with respect to the relationship between the declared intent of a government practice and a circumstance relevant to it?

(A) Certain governments subsidize theaters in order to attract foreign tourists. But tourists rarely choose a destination for the theatrical performances it has to offer.
(B) Certain governments restrict imports in order to keep domestic producers in business. But, since domestic producers do not have to face the full force of foreign competition, some domestic producers are able to earn inordinately high profits.
(C) Certain governments build strong armed forces in order to forestall armed conflict, but in order to maintain the sort of discipline and morale that keeps armed forces strong, those forces must be used in actual combat periodically.
(D) Certain governments reduce taxes on business in order to stimulate private investment. But any investment is to some extent a gamble, and new business ventures are not always as successful as their owners hoped.
(E) Certain governments pass traffic laws in order to make travel safer. But the population-driven growth in volumes of traffic often has the effect of making travel less safe despite the passage of new traffic laws.
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Director
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17 May 2005, 20:29
D.
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17 May 2005, 20:34
C from me too.
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17 May 2005, 21:04
C
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18 May 2005, 01:51
hmmm, interesting. I'm sticking to (B) on this one.
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18 May 2005, 04:48
C...

explanation:

Action: Certain governments subsidize certain basic agricultural products
Intention: in order to guarantee an adequate domestic production of them.
Result:But subsidies encourage more intensive farming, which eventually leads to soil exhaustion and drastically reduced yields.

Result opposite of intention because of the side-effect of the action.

In C...

Action: build strong armed forces
Intention: to forestall armed conflict.
Result: combat periodically.
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18 May 2005, 04:57
Arsene_Wenger wrote:
hmmm, interesting. I'm sticking to (B) on this one.

Oh jazz, what was i thinking? It's (C). I read another meaning into (C)and gambled on (B).

changed my mind to (C) on this one.
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CR: Government subsidy [#permalink]

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18 May 2005, 08:02
Thats Excellent Kamal....
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18 May 2005, 09:25
Arsene_Wenger wrote:
Arsene_Wenger wrote:
hmmm, interesting. I'm sticking to (B) on this one.

Oh jazz, what was i thinking? It's (C). I read another meaning into (C)and gambled on (B).

changed my mind to (C) on this one.

Arsene, I did the same as you. I chose B initally because I didn't fully understand C. LoL
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18 May 2005, 09:32
C for me too
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19 May 2005, 14:08
kamal_tejnani wrote:
C...

explanation:

Action: Certain governments subsidize certain basic agricultural products
Intention: in order to guarantee an adequate domestic production of them.
Result:But subsidies encourage more intensive farming, which eventually leads to soil exhaustion and drastically reduced yields.

Result opposite of intention because of the side-effect of the action.

In C...

Action: build strong armed forces
Intention: to forestall armed conflict.
Result: combat periodically.

why is C) similar to the argument ? in the argument there is a countereffect. guaranteed yields <> reduced yields. where is the countereffect in C) ? i think E) is more closely. there is indeed a different effect as the one desired by the government. less traffic <> more traffic.
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19 May 2005, 16:17
The OA is C.
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19 May 2005, 22:53
WinWinMBA wrote:
The OA is C.

i dont see that its C) ! mabye someone can explain...
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Re: Answer   [#permalink] 19 May 2005, 22:53
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